International Educator - May/June 2011 - 18

iN Brief
Higher education in turmoil: the changing World of Internationalization
By Jane Knight
reviewed by Bryan McAllister-Grande

Book Notes
need to be economists and geopolitical analysts. Knight outlines higher education’s role as a service sector affected by trade liberalization strategies such as GATS. Economic competitiveness seems to be trumping cooperation and understanding. It is not enough to understand the landscape on a macro level; we must also realize how our own universities are actors in the process. The unintended consequences of these developments are staggering; for additional pondering, see the recent NAFSA Collegial Conversation with Knight as well as the work of Olds on academic freedom in the global age. These works show that higher education is becoming more global, but it is also increasingly guided by national policies and regulations. In many ways, the book is a collection of “greatest hits” of Knight’s previous articles, but with updated data. Although slightly repetitive in places, that integrated body of research makes the work enormously beneficial as a reference book on the top shelf of any office library. This review originally appeared on the NAFSA Web site at www.nafsa.org/ crossing borders.
BryAN McAlliSter-GrANde is associate director of the Office of global Affairs at brandeis University.

InternatIonal educator M AY + J U N E .1 1

Jane Knight’s Higher Education in Turmoil is a look at the state of internationalization on a global scale. It contains chapters on internationalization strategy, rationales, quality control and evaluation, cross-border education, and the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). The last chapter is a summary of the only worldwide survey of international dimensions of higher education—involving 526 institutions and 102 national university associations in 95 countries. While the American Council on Education’s Mapping Internationalization (2003, 2008) research is probably best known to U.S. international educators, Knight includes crucial perspectives from outside North America—including data aggregated by region and analyzed alongside the Human Development Index (HDI). Her conclusions point to an exciting but disturbing reality: at the same time that globalization is dissolving educational borders, internationalization is becoming an increasingly competitive geopolitical process. In this sense, some new educational borders (both real and imagined) are now being constructed. The first few chapters are useful for those involved in internationalization strategy, giving readers a birds-eye view of concepts, rationales, and approaches. Knight has updated her widely cited definition of internationalization to the following: “Internationalization at the national/sector/institutional levels is the process of integrating an international, intercultural, or global dimension into the purpose, functions, or delivery of higher education at the institutional and national levels.”1 Her addition of language

about “levels” is crucial; those of us in internationalization planning know that the external landscape of higher education is changing rapidly; branch campuses, regional networks, distance learning, and new hybrid degree models are all adding extra layers of analysis. These changes have sometimes led to internationalization being thought of in divisions: internationalization “over there” versus “at home.” That might be a useful distinction but it could also be thought of as a border itself. Knight’s overviews of evaluation are excellent guides for any international educator. She is especially known for her emphasis on internationalization as a process of organizational change. Fittingly, her preference on evaluation seems to be on creating tracking measures (comparing results to stated aims) rather than on assessment of attitudes or student learning. However, sometimes this approach assumes a centralized, top-down institutional culture, rather than the decentralized approach often seen in the United States and elsewhere. Such measurements may be tracking progress, but do they advance true academic change? Australian scholar Gavin Sanderson has noted how conceptualizing academic change within faculty identity (what he calls the “Academic Self”) might be a more effective measure of transformative internationalization.2 Meanwhile, geographer Kris Olds has looked at knowledge flows between nations and regions not always captured by Knight.3 Measurement that seeks to understand actual impact in a multidimensional way is needed in order to assess the true footprint of internationalization. The last few chapters of Higher Education in Turmoil make it clear that future international education leaders will also

Endnotes
1

Jane Knight, Higher Education in Turmoil: The Changing World of Internationalization (Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense Publishers, 2008), 21. Gavin Sanderson, “A Foundation for the Internationalization of the Academic Self,” in Journal of Studies in International Education, 12, 3 (2008): 276–307. For the work of Kris Olds, see his faculty page at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and his popular blog, GlobalHigherEd.

2

3

18  


http://www.nafsa.org/crossingborders http://www.nafsa.org/crossingborders

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - May/June 2011

International Educator - May/june 2011
Contents
Frontlines
In Brief
Voices UBC President Stephen J. Toope
Building Partnerships: Indonesia and the United States
One Path— Many Destinations
Windfall Scholarships for Education Abroad
66 Weaving Service Into Study Abroad
FSA
International Enrollment
Partnering
A View From Out Here
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2011 - International Educator - May/june 2011
International Educator - May/June 2011 - Cover2
International Educator - May/June 2011 - Contents
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 2
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 3
International Educator - May/June 2011 - Frontlines
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 5
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 6
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 7
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 8
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 9
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 10
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 11
International Educator - May/June 2011 - In Brief
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 13
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 14
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 15
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 16
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 17
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 18
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 19
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 20
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 21
International Educator - May/June 2011 - Voices UBC President Stephen J. Toope
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 23
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 24
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 25
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 26
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 27
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 28
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 29
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 30
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 31
International Educator - May/June 2011 - Building Partnerships: Indonesia and the United States
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 33
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 34
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 35
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 36
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 37
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 38
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 39
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 40
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 41
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 42
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 43
International Educator - May/June 2011 - One Path— Many Destinations
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 45
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 46
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 47
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 48
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 49
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 50
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 51
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 52
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 53
International Educator - May/June 2011 - Windfall Scholarships for Education Abroad
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 55
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 56
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 57
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 58
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 59
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 60
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 61
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 62
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 63
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 64
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 65
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 66 Weaving Service Into Study Abroad
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 67
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 68
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 69
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 70
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 71
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 72
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 73
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 74
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 75
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 76
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 77
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 78
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 79
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 80
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 81
International Educator - May/June 2011 - FSA
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 83
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 84
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 85
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 86
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 87
International Educator - May/June 2011 - International Enrollment
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 89
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 90
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 91
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 92
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 93
International Educator - May/June 2011 - Partnering
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 95
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 96
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 97
International Educator - May/June 2011 - A View From Out Here
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 99
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 100
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 101
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 102
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 103
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 104
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 105
International Educator - May/June 2011 - Forum
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 107
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 108
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 109
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 110
International Educator - May/June 2011 - 111
International Educator - May/June 2011 - In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2011 - Cover3
International Educator - May/June 2011 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20191112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20190910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20190708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20190506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20190304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20190102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20181112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180708gfclone
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180102_supp
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20171112_supp
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20171112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_2070910_supp
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20170910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20170708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20170506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20170304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20170102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20161112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20160910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20160708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20160506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20160304_fr
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20160304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20160102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20151112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20150910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20150708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20150506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20150304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20150102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20141112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20140910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20140708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20140506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20140304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20140102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20131112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20130910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20130708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20130506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20130304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20130102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20121112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20120910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20120708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20120506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20120304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20120102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20111112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20110910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20110708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20110506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20110304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20110102
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com