International Educator - September/October 2011 - 61

perspectives that intercultural opportunities bring. Additionally, we can make the most of research collaboration potential though international education exchange between the United States and countries beyond our borders. We do not want to ever again risk losing the possibility of building international bridges through shared academic experiences as was threatened a decade ago.

How did we Get to where we are?
Soon after 9/11, international students and scholars on U.S. college campuses became the focus of the government’s response to squelching potential risks to U.S. national security. In the first three to four years, visa delays that often took many months and became rampant—not to mention the high level of visa denials being issued. Invitations to our students from certain countries to meet with the FBI became commonplace. New regulations that deterred international students’ options for travel mounted. International students and scholars who were already in the United States resisted visiting their home country for a short vacation, as they feared they would be denied a reentry visa to complete their studies. Oftentimes project research was halted because key researchers’ visa applications were denied. International visitors were, at times, stay for days and weeks in immigration detention centers for questioning. Unfortunately, international administrators had to become proficient in advising family members and friends of the detainees, on how they might locate and attempt to communicate with their loved ones. Worrisome news of prejudice and negative treatment for many international visitors traveled quickly. The United States no longer could take for granted its special place as the top destination for international education exchange, as potential students became wary of the scrutiny and difficult visa process involved in U.S. study abroad. Other nations around the globe stepped up to attract the talented students and scholars to their colleges and universities. The most well-known alternate countries for study became Canada, Britain, Australia, and Germany. However, many other countries in

Asia, Europe, and South America also began to develop and disseminate detailed education policies with funding, aimed primarily to attract foreign students to their schools. Top-level U.S. higher education officials spoke out from our campuses about: (1) the interruption of classes when international faculty were unable to return to the United States, (2) the inability of foreign scholars to travel to professional meetings outside the United States because of the high risk of not being able to reenter, (3) students not being able to begin their studies, and (4) research that had come to a standstill. NAFSA: Association of International Educators developed strategic avenues for educating legislators and key decisionmakers about how colleges and universities’ academic pursuits in the United States were being adversely affected as a result of governmental responses. Scores of academic professional organizations partnered with NAFSA to join their advocacy efforts in communicating the harsh unintended consequences that

the United States was facing as a result of the visa barriers. Higher education was unduly singled out as a key source of national security vulnerability, when in reality only a very small percentage of all nonimmigrant visa visitors in the United States were, and are, hosted by colleges and universities. The great majority come on visitor and business visas. And yet, it was U.S. institutions of higher education that spent millions of dollars to build complex tracking and reporting infrastructures within a few short months.

are International Educators Better Off Now, a decade Later?
Although the last 10 years have been stressful there has been some good that has come out of this situation. On the positive side, many international educators have become keenly aware of the importance of an organized advocacy strategy. Many learned how to speak effectively about valuable aspects of international education exchange to nation-

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - September/October 2011

International Educator - September/October 2011
Contents
From the Editors
In Brief
Building a Literate World
In Sync:  The Peace Corps and International Education
Expanding Cooperative Education Across the Globe
Education Abroad
Foreign Student Affairs
Partnering
A View From Out Here
Forum
In Focus
Supplement: A 360º View
Supplement: Making the Numbers Work
Supplement: International Recruitment and Enrollment Listings
International Educator - September/October 2011 - International Educator - September/October 2011
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Cover2
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Contents
International Educator - September/October 2011 - From the Editors
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 3
International Educator - September/October 2011 - In Brief
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 5
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 6
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 7
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 8
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 9
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 10
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 11
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 12
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 13
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Building a Literate World
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 15
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 16
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 17
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 18
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 19
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 20
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 21
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 22
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 23
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 24
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 25
International Educator - September/October 2011 - In Sync:  The Peace Corps and International Education
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 27
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 28
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 29
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 30
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 31
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 32
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 33
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 34
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 35
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Expanding Cooperative Education Across the Globe
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 37
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 38
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 39
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 40
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 41
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 42
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 43
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 44
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 45
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Education Abroad
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 47
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 48
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 49
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 51
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 52
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 53
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Partnering
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 55
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 56
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 57
International Educator - September/October 2011 - A View From Out Here
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 59
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Forum
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 61
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 62
International Educator - September/October 2011 - 63
International Educator - September/October 2011 - In Focus
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Cover3
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Cover4
International Educator - September/October 2011 - CoverS1
International Educator - September/October 2011 - CoverS2
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Supplement: A 360º View
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S2
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S3
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S4
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S5
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S6
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S7
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S8
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S9
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S10
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Supplement: Making the Numbers Work
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S12
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S13
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S14
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S15
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S16
International Educator - September/October 2011 - Supplement: International Recruitment and Enrollment Listings
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S18
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S19
International Educator - September/October 2011 - S20
International Educator - September/October 2011 - CoverS3
International Educator - September/October 2011 - CoverS4
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