International Educator - March/April 2013 - 8

that if Indians were allowed to function in
an open market, they could replicate some of
that success here [in India]. Secondly, by 1991
sons and daughters of political leaders and
senior civil servants were all going abroad
and studying abroad and living and working abroad. I think they played a great part
in influencing the thinking of their parents.”3
Indian immigration to the United States
increased as a result of two primary factors—Indian international students arriving
in greater numbers in America and the 1965
immigration act, which lifted immigration
restrictions against Asians and others. Between 1950 and 1959, only 1,850 Indians
received permanent residence in the United
States. But from 2000 to 2009, more than
590,000 Indians immigrated to the United
States, an astonishing rise.4 This “loss” of educated Indians has coincided with increased
prosperity in India.
The relationship between Indians abroad
and those in India has remained strong,
particularly among successful immigrants.

A Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation
study found “[R]eturning Indian entrepreneurs maintain at least monthly contact
with family and friends in America, and
66 percent are in contact at least that often
with former colleagues.” The subjects most
discussed are customers, markets, technical information, and financing.5 Venture
capitalist Vish Mishra explains that personal
connections remain important in business.
“If you cold-call, you start from nowhere, it’s
laborious and tedious,” said Mishra. “If you
know someone, you can move faster. The
advantage of any network is you get to see
things you might not otherwise see.”6
Robert Guest, business editor for The
Economist, believes the “brain drain” argument is a myth. “Nonresident Indians bring
ideas and investment back,” writes Guest.
“But arguably the biggest favor the diaspora has done for India was to persuade it
to open up to the world in the first place.
They were not the only force—four decades
of stagnation alerted India’s leaders to the

possibility that something was wrong with
their economic model. But the diaspora was
highly influential.”7
In his book Borderless Economics, Guest
describes how the manufacturing of an inexpensive refrigerator ($69) to benefit the
rural poor in India only came about because of the interaction between Indians
abroad working with those in India. “The
engineering miracle was conceived through
a marriage of ideas generated by Indians in
India and by Indians overseas,” notes Guest.8

Difficult to Stop the Ambitious
The desire to make a better life for yourself
and your family has been a driving force
throughout human history. Efforts by governments to derail such desires through new
restrictions are usually futile and counterproductive. If the United States blocks educated
foreign-born young people from working
here after graduation in a misguided effort
to compel professionals to return home, then
such educated professionals will find work
in other countries. History shows ambitious
people will seek opportunities to study and
work abroad. It is not wise, moral, or practical
to block such ambition.
IE
STUART ANDERSON, former staff
director of the Senate Immigration
Subcommittee, is Executive Director of
the National Foundation for American
Policy, an Arlington, Virginia-based policy
research organization. He is the author of
the book Immigration (Greenwood, 2010).

Endnotes

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR M A R + A P R . 13

1

8  

Chico Harlan, “With Crackdown, North Korea
Puts a Hold on Defections,” The Washington Post,
July 20, 2012.

2

Institute of International Education. “All Places
of Origin of International Students,” 1949/50 to
2010/11, Open Doors Report on International
Educational Exchange. Retrieved from http://
www.iie.org/opendoors.

3

Robert Guest, Borderless Economics, Palgrave
Macmillan, New York, 2011, pp. 33–34.

4

2010 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, Office of
Immigration Statistics, Department of Homeland
Security, Table 2.

5

Guest, p. 22.

6

Ibid., p. 21.

7

Ibid., p. 33.

8

Ibid., pp. 98–99.


http://www.iie.org/opendoors http://www.iie.org/opendoors

International Educator - March/April 2013

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - March/April 2013

International Educator - March/April 2013
Contents
From the Editors
Front Lines
In Brief
Emerging Giant
Local Goes Global
Accelerating Global Learning at Home and Abroad
Foreign Student Affairs
Partnering
In Focus
Intenational Educator Language Supplement
Contents
New Tools of the Trade
Intensive English Language
Intensive Foreign Language
International Educator - March/April 2013 - International Educator - March/April 2013
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Cover2
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Contents
International Educator - March/April 2013 - From the Editors
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 3
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Front Lines
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 5
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 6
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 7
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 8
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 9
International Educator - March/April 2013 - In Brief
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 11
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International Educator - March/April 2013 - Emerging Giant
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International Educator - March/April 2013 - Local Goes Global
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 33
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International Educator - March/April 2013 - 36
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International Educator - March/April 2013 - Accelerating Global Learning at Home and Abroad
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 45
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International Educator - March/April 2013 - Partnering
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 61
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International Educator - March/April 2013 - In Focus
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Cover3
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Cover4
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Intenational Educator Language Supplement
International Educator - March/April 2013 - SCover
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Contents
International Educator - March/April 2013 - New Tools of the Trade
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S3
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S4
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S5
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International Educator - March/April 2013 - Intensive English Language
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