International Educator - May/June 2013 - 46

for the antivenom, which would be called Anascorp®,
in the United States. If so, the drug would receive
recognition as a world leader.
In August 2011 Anascorp® became the first
Mexican drug to be approved by the Food and Drug
Administration, one manufactured at Instituto Bioclon
in Mexico City. It has stimulated a collaboration between Boyer and Alagón that continues to the present
and has expanded to other venomous animals research.
“They had something we wanted and we had
something they wanted,” Boyer explains. “It’s hard to
be a brilliant Mexican professor and get attention in
the world. They don’t have a process that is highly

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR M AY + J U N E . 13

Interactions between the United States and
Mexican academics are particularly strong in
areas shared by the two regions: desertification,
water shortages, common ecosystems, solar energy,
astronomy due to clear skies, certain rare diseases,
public health and epidemiology, North American
politics, economics, and Pacific Rim issues.

46  

regulated so you can’t tell how good they are. So they
had the technology and science. And we had the media attention and the bureaucracy, which is one of
America’s biggest assets. We have an FDA with an
international reputation as having the highest standards on earth, the highest hurdle they could jump. If
they could jump through that hoop and be approved
under the FDA’s regulations, it would be the first time
they had had that type of recognition.”
“I think that this collaboration has been very interesting,” Alagón says. “As a basic researcher, I am
always trying to answer a question. Many basic researchers try to find significant questions to answer.
Sometimes the question a basic researcher asks
doesn’t have practical application and is meaningless
in terms of immediate impact of society at the time
doing research, which still can be good. But with my
interaction with the University of Arizona, I now
don’t have to invent the questions. Instead, the questions come from the real world. Because the main
objective of my research is to improve the antivenom,
it is important to know what is going on the venom
side so I can improve the antivenom.”

Ties and Challenges
Joined by a common border and shared intellectual
interests, such collaborations between academics in
the United States and Mexico occur more frequently
than some might think. Mexico, for example, is the
15th largest source of international scholars in the
United States in 2012, with 1,390 scholars, up 3.1
percent from 2011, according to the Institute of International Education’s Open Doors data.
But such ties are also challenged by economic disparities between the two sides, visa and immigration
issues, the problem of Mexican organized crime, and,
many times, unfair perceptions.
“People do not want to believe this antivenom is from Mexico,” Boyer says of Anascorp®.
“I’ve had anonymous reviewers in grant applications say in their responses that I shouldn’t use a
Mexican lab for scientific collaborations. But this
antivenom is from Mexico. Alejandro and his colleagues at UNAM are brilliant and some of the
best colleagues I’ve ever had. I visited their lab
and believed in them. I’m so lucky—why should
little ol’ me have the opportunity to work with
the winners of the Mexican National Prize. You
don’t get a higher honor than that. I feel honored
to be able to test their products, yet most of my
colleagues didn’t know they existed. The proof is
in the patients that got well with this antivenom.”
Numerous universities, particularly those in the
southern half of the United States and the north of
Mexico are working assiduously to strengthen ties
between the two countries. Some of the larger U.S. institutions maintain international offices in Mexico to
coordinate their activities there. Angela McCracken, director of the University of Southern California’s regional
office in Mexico, says that the University of Southern
California set up her Mexico City-based office in 2005
to expand relations with institutions in Mexico. “We
have a mission to increase academic and scientific collaboration between our institutions and institutions in
Latin America. USC has 17 professional schools and
the Dornsife College of Letters, Arts, and Science, and
when schools or faculty members are interested in
making connections in Mexico, or Mexican institutions
are interested in USC, I make the connections.”
An example, she says is the [Mexican] National
Institute for Statistics and Geography (INEGI), which
has scheduled a conference on geography and climate
change in September 2013 and contacted her in January 2013 for help lining up speakers. “I said, ‘here are



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - May/June 2013

International Educator - May/June 2013
Contents
From the Editors
Front Lines
In Brief
Voices: Kofi Annan
Peace Pathways
Shared Solutions
San Francisco State Shines in Long-Term Study Abroad
Education Abroad
Foreign Student Affairs
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2013 - International Educator - May/June 2013
International Educator - May/June 2013 - Cover2
International Educator - May/June 2013 - Contents
International Educator - May/June 2013 - From the Editors
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 3
International Educator - May/June 2013 - Front Lines
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 5
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 6
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 7
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 8
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 9
International Educator - May/June 2013 - In Brief
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 11
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 12
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 13
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 14
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 15
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 16
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 17
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 18
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 19
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 20
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 21
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 22
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 23
International Educator - May/June 2013 - Voices: Kofi Annan
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 25
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 26
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 27
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 28
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 29
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 30
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 31
International Educator - May/June 2013 - Peace Pathways
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 33
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 34
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 35
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 36
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 37
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 38
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 39
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 40
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 41
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 42
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 43
International Educator - May/June 2013 - Shared Solutions
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 45
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 46
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 47
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 48
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 49
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 50
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 51
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 52
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 53
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 54
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 55
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 56
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 57
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 58
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 59
International Educator - May/June 2013 - San Francisco State Shines in Long-Term Study Abroad
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 61
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 62
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 63
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 64
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 65
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 66
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 67
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 68
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 69
International Educator - May/June 2013 - Education Abroad
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 71
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 72
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 73
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 74
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 75
International Educator - May/June 2013 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 77
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 78
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 79
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 80
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 81
International Educator - May/June 2013 - Forum
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 83
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 84
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 85
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 86
International Educator - May/June 2013 - 87
International Educator - May/June 2013 - In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2013 - Cover3
International Educator - May/June 2013 - Cover4
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