International Educator - November/December 2013 - 26

"That has completely changed," Holland says. "At
universities, students have more choice in what they
major in."
Iraq has suffered from decades of isolation and
war, capped by the U.S.-led invasions and control in
2003. Higher education was among the major casualties in the conflict, with personnel, infrastructure, and
budgets depleted.
But partnerships between U.S. higher education
institutions and organizations and their counterparts
in Iraq formed in the last decade have proven a lifeline
of support for their beleaguered academies.
The partnerships tend to be workshops or exchange
programs between the United States and administrators, academics, and students from Iraq, many heavily
subsidized by U.S. government organizations. Some
aspects of the exchange programs tend to be one-way,
If the challenges for partnerships with students and professors
between institutions in the United from Iraq tending to visit the
United States far more than
States and Iraq are greater than
visits in the other direcin partnerships involving more
tion. U.S. academics have
traditional exchange partners,
also been heavily involved
in staffing and supporting
there are arguably greater
some of the new higher eduopportunities, too.
cation institutions that have
been created in recent years.
In addition, scholarships to educate graduate students
abroad funded by Iraqi government organizations are
ramping up some exchanges.

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR N O V + D E C .1 3

Challenges Create
Opportunities

26

If the challenges for partnerships between institutions in the United States and Iraq are greater than
in partnerships involving more traditional exchange
partners, there are arguably greater opportunities, too.
"In the Kurdistan Region of Iraq [in the north],
there are 13 public and 10 private universities, and
many are very new and have developed in the past
five years," says Michelle Grajek, director for political and diplomatic affairs at the Kurdistan Regional
Government (KRG), who helps administer scholarships from the KRG's Ministry of Higher Education
and Scientific Research to students studying abroad.
"U.S. universities really want to get involved now. It's
a fantastic opportunity to build a relationship from
the ground up, which can be easier."
With the withdrawal of United States troops from
Iraq beginning in 2009 and ending in 2011, and with
political turmoil and violence continuing to roil the

country, the question remains as to whether seeds
planted by exchanges will blossom into long-lasting
partnerships and, significantly, whether U.S. government bodies will continue to fund them.

The Rise, Fall, and Rebirth of
Higher Education in Iraq
Baghdad was once the capital of the Arab world and a
great center of Arab learning. Starting in 1968, when
Baath party rule began, the fate of higher education
instruction became a mixed bag. While many institutions had surprisingly strong offerings, by regional
standards, they were stifled by isolation, central planning and bureaucracy, and intervention that many
related to Saddam Hussein's brutal rule and by the regime's socialist policies. "Iraq had a history of top-level
scholarship that is comparable to those in Egypt and
Lebanon in the Middle East, with many thousands of
Ph.D. holders," says Jim Miller, executive director of the
Scholar Rescue Fund of the Institute of International
Education (IIE), a nongovernmental organization fostering international educational development.
One of the more dynamic programs linking Iraqi
institutions with those in the U.S. schools has been the
University Linkages Program, a $10 million project
funded by the U.S. embassy in Baghdad. Since 2010
the program has paired seven U.S. higher education
institutions with seven Iraqi institutions: Basrah University with Oklahoma State University; Salahaddin
University with the University of Cincinnati; Tikrit
University with Ball State University; Kufa University
with the University of Kentucky; Baghdad University with Georgia State University; the University of
Dohuk with Michigan State University; and the University of Technology with the University of Missouri
at Columbia. The program is slated to end by 2014.
Generally, the activities have included curriculum development, accreditation, capacity building,
exchanges of faculty, teaching best practices, and
further specialization in certain subjects of interest,
such as engineering, English as a second language,
and pedagogy.
The University of Kentucky, for example, has been
assisting Kufa University by developing curriculum,
improving pedagogy, supporting quality assurance
initiatives, facilitating the use of distance learning
technologies, developing career services, and training
faculty members from three departments: English,
engineering, and business.
Isolated from the mainstream of academia, accreditation remains a large part of the goals for many
Iraqi institutions, including Kufa University. The



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - November/December 2013

International Educator - November/december 2013
Contents
From the Editors
In Brief
Core Values
Reawakening Higher Education in Iraq
University of South Florida: What's in a Name? The World
Foreign Student Affairs
View From Out Here
Forum
In Focus
Supplement
When a Student Dies Abroad
International Educator - November/December 2013 - International Educator - November/december 2013
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Cover2
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Contents
International Educator - November/December 2013 - From the Editors
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - In Brief
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 5
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 6
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 7
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 8
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 9
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 10
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 11
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 12
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 13
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Core Values
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 15
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 16
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 17
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 18
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 19
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 20
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 21
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 22
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 23
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Reawakening Higher Education in Iraq
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 25
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 26
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 27
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 28
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 29
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 30
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 31
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 32
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 33
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 34
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 35
International Educator - November/December 2013 - University of South Florida: What's in a Name? The World
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 37
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 38
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 39
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 40
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 41
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 42
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 43
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 45
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 46
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 47
International Educator - November/December 2013 - View From Out Here
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 49
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 50
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 51
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Forum
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 53
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 54
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 55
International Educator - November/December 2013 - In Focus
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Cover3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Cover4
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Supplement
International Educator - November/December 2013 - SCover2
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S1
International Educator - November/December 2013 - When a Student Dies Abroad
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S4
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S5
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S6
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S7
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S8
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S9
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S10
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S11
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S12
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S13
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S14
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S15
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S16
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S17
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S18
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S19
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S20
International Educator - November/December 2013 - SCover3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - SCover4
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