International Educator - May/June 2014 - 6

FRONTLINES

TAB LE 2

U.S. University Graduate Programs with a Majority of International Students
Number of U.S. Universities
with More Than 50 Percent
International Students in
Graduate School Program (2011)

Percentage of U.S. Universities
with a Majority of International
Students in Graduate School
Program (2011)

Electrical Engineering

153

88 percent

Computer Science

170

79 percent

Field

Source: National Science Foundation, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorate, https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/. U.S. students include
lawful permanent residents; National Foundation for American Policy analysis.

Supporting Research,
Retaining Faculty
International students are key to supporting research at U.S. universities, which
helps retain and attract top faculty. Tables
3 through 7 illustrate that at schools such as
Rice University, Indiana University, Purdue
University, Ohio State, and others, international students generally comprise 60 to 80
percent of the graduate students in electrical engineering, computer science, chemical
engineering, and other fields. In 2010, U.S.
universities conducted 51 percent of all basic
research performed in the United States, according to the National Science Foundation.5
"We are a research university, and in
computer science that means that much
of the research is done by teams led by
professors with experiments carried out
by graduate students," explains Professor
Christopher Raphael, chair of the computer
science department at Indiana University.
"This model only works if we can get highquality PhD students, and we would be hard
pressed to get the number we need solely
from the United States."6
The high level of international students
plays a role in universities being able to attract and retain faculty, which benefits U.S.
students. "If we were not to place such a
heavy emphasis on research, we wouldn't
be able to get faculty that teach the wide
range of things we do, with the appropriate expertise, so our educational mission
would suffer," said Raphael. "Really the
most important part of the educational
experience is to work closely with highquality faculty, as one does directly at the
PhD stage. So the research and the education are of a piece."7
6  

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR M AY + J U N E .14

Professor Stuart Cooper, department
chair of chemical and biomolecular engineering at Ohio State University, also points
to the connection between research and
teaching at U.S. colleges. "There is a synergy.
To get tenure and perform research, professors require a significant number of graduate
students and there are not enough domestic students alone in certain fields," said
Professor Cooper. "The advances made by
professors and graduate students, including
international students and postdocs, provide
new knowledge and benefits to society."8
Without the ability to perform high-level
research at U.S. universities, many talented

individuals would not take or seek faculty
positions, leaving U.S. schools far weaker
and unable to educate U.S. students in
important fields. Graduate students also directly support the educational mission for
undergraduates by serving as teaching assistants. Their duties include conducting study
sessions and grading, which "takes some of
the burden off the faculty" to focus on teaching, according to Cooper.9

International Students Help
Maintain Graduate Programs
Many excellent U.S. universities rely on
international students to maintain their
graduate school programs. At Rice University, in 2011, 75 of the 117 full-time
graduate students in electrical engineering
were foreign nationals. In computer science,
46 of the 69 graduate students (67 percent)
were foreign nationals. International graduate students accounted for 79 percent of
the full-time students (52 of 66) in chemical
engineering, and 59 percent (69 of 118) in
chemistry.10

TABLE 3

Rice University
Percent of
International
Students

Number of
Full-time International
Graduate Students

Number of
Full-time U.S.
Graduate Students

Computer Science

67

46

23

Electrical Engineering

64

75

42

Chemical Engineering

79

52

14

Chemistry

59

69

49

Field

Source: National Science Foundation, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorate, https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/. U.S. students include
lawful permanent residents.

TABLE 4

Indiana University
Percent of
International
Students

Number of
Full-time International
Graduate Students

Number of
Full-time U.S.
Graduate Students

Computer Science

70

359

156

Electrical Engineering

64

81

46

Economics

78

65

18

Physics

42

44

62

Field

Source: National Science Foundation, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorate, https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/. U.S. students include
lawful permanent residents.


https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/ https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/ https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - May/June 2014

International Educator - May/June 2014
Contents
Front Lines
In Brief
New Windows on the World
Green River Community College Attracts International Students at an Early Age
Education Abroad
Foreign Student Affairs
Internationalization Leadership
Partnering
View From Out Here
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2014 - International Educator - May/June 2014
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Cover2
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Contents
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 2
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 3
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Front Lines
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 5
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 6
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 7
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 8
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 9
International Educator - May/June 2014 - In Brief
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 11
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 12
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 13
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 14
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 15
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 16
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International Educator - May/June 2014 - 24
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 25
International Educator - May/June 2014 - New Windows on the World
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 27
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 28
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 29
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 30
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 31
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International Educator - May/June 2014 - 35
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 36
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 37
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 38
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 39
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Green River Community College Attracts International Students at an Early Age
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 41
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 42
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 43
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 44
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 45
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 46
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 47
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 48
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 49
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 50
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 51
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 52
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 53
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Education Abroad
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 55
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 56
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 57
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 59
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 60
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 61
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Internationalization Leadership
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 63
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 64
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 65
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Partnering
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 67
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 68
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 69
International Educator - May/June 2014 - View From Out Here
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 71
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 72
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 73
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Forum
International Educator - May/June 2014 - BB1
International Educator - May/June 2014 - BB2
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 75
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 76
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 77
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 78
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 79
International Educator - May/June 2014 - In Focus
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