International Educator - May/June 2014 - 76

FORUM

Another significant way in which the
democratization of education promised by
MOOC boosters may fall short, detractors
maintain, is the assumption that the rest of
the world will benefit from what MOOCs
are selling. They contend that MOOCs are
elitist, even "neocolonial," instruments of
Western academic dominance that aren't appropriately tailored to non-Western cultures.
MOOC courses, they argue, undermine local institutions and academic traditions.
One vehement critic is Philip Altbach,
director of the Center for International
Higher Education at Boston College and
an influential commentator on global
higher education. He observes that MOOC
courses are based on the Western academic
model, with required readings from the
United States and other Western countries,
and instructors who are mostly American.
"Neither knowledge nor pedagogy is neutral," he blogged recently in the Chronicle of

Jason Lane and Kevin Kinser of SUNY-Albany
have warned of the "McDonaldization of Higher Education,"
with centralized production of cookie-cutter content
for distribution around the world.

* Students receive a university ID for some student services and can use the
library, gym, and computer labs on campus.

MOOC courses. Surmounting technological barriers to educational access is not
enough, suggests Ghanashyam Sharma, an
assistant professor in writing and rhetoric at the State University of New York at
Stony Brook. The mission of worldwide
online learning will only be meaningful,
he argues, if more attention is paid to the
vastly different backgrounds, both academic
and cultural, that students in the developing world bring to their MOOC studies. In
a similar vein, my colleagues Jason Lane
and Kevin Kinser of SUNY-Albany have
warned of the "McDonaldization of Higher
Education," with centralized production
of cookie-cutter content for distribution
around the world.
It's probably no surprise that the MOOC
craze that peaked in 2012 has given way to
so much skepticism. "Like any new thing,
there's a wave of hype then there's a wave
of reaction," former Yale president Richard Levin told Bloomberg when he became
CEO of Coursera in March 2014. There's no
question that at least some of the warnings
critics offer about the pitfalls accompanying the spread of MOOCs to the developing
world deserve serious scrutiny. But there's
ample reason to believe that MOOCs will
do more good than harm in the developing world, particularly if they aren't viewed
as static creations but as evolving forms of
technology-enabled pedagogy.

* Our experienced instructors have advanced degrees in ESL or a related field.

Some Perspective

Higher Education, complaining of "academic
nationalism," "the hegemony of Western
methodologies," and the use of English as
the dominant language of MOOCs.
While MOOC producers may have no
ill intent, Altbach allows, their model risks
harming developing countries: "MOOCs
produced in the current centers of research
are easy to gain access to and inexpensive
for the user, but may inhibit the emergence
of a local academic culture, local academic
content, and courses tailored specifically for
national audiences."
Indeed, other analysts have pointed to
what they consider the dangers of ignoring
cross-cultural differences when designing

STUDY ENGLISH AT A GREAT
AMNERICLANL AUNAIVERGSITY!
INTE SIVE ENG ISH NGU GE PRO RAM
WE BELIEVE THAT STUDENTS COME FIRST.
* Classes are offered in 15-week semesters and a 12-week
summer session.
* Core courses in Reading/Writing, Grammar, Listening/
Speaking and Vocabulary provide intensive instruction.
* Four levels are available from high elementary to advanced.

* We can also design special group programs during the regular semesters
or summer.
VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT www.csuohio.edu/cehs/departments/TE/ielp/index.html
CONTACT esl@csuohio.edu for more information

CSU is an AA/EO institution. ©2013 University Marketing 130122

130122 ESL Ad.indd 1

76

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR M AY + J U N E .14

12/9/13 11:01 AM

MOOC myth-busters aren't wrong when
they note that, contrary to some of the hype,
non-Westerners with little education from
low-income countries make up a distinct
minority of students (and, for that matter,
that the number of students who complete MOOCs make up only a fraction of
the massive number who enroll). But these
observations can themselves be misleading.


http://www.csuohio.edu/cehs/departments/TE/ielp/index.html http://www.csuohio.edu/cehs/departments/TE/ielp/index.html

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - May/June 2014

International Educator - May/June 2014
Contents
Front Lines
In Brief
New Windows on the World
Green River Community College Attracts International Students at an Early Age
Education Abroad
Foreign Student Affairs
Internationalization Leadership
Partnering
View From Out Here
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2014 - International Educator - May/June 2014
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Cover2
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Contents
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 2
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 3
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Front Lines
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 5
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 6
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 7
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 8
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 9
International Educator - May/June 2014 - In Brief
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 11
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 12
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 13
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 14
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 15
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 16
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 17
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 18
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 19
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 20
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 21
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 22
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 23
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 24
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 25
International Educator - May/June 2014 - New Windows on the World
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 27
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 28
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 29
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 30
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 31
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 32
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 33
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 34
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 35
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 36
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 37
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 38
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 39
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Green River Community College Attracts International Students at an Early Age
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 41
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 42
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 43
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 44
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 45
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 46
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 47
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 48
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 49
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 50
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 51
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 52
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 53
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Education Abroad
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 55
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 56
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 57
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 59
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 60
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 61
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Internationalization Leadership
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 63
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 64
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 65
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Partnering
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 67
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 68
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 69
International Educator - May/June 2014 - View From Out Here
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 71
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 72
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 73
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Forum
International Educator - May/June 2014 - BB1
International Educator - May/June 2014 - BB2
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 75
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 76
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 77
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 78
International Educator - May/June 2014 - 79
International Educator - May/June 2014 - In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Cover3
International Educator - May/June 2014 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20191112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20190910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20190708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20190506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20190304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20190102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20181112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180708gfclone
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180102_supp
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20180102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20171112_supp
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20171112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_2070910_supp
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20170910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20170708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20170506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20170304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20170102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20161112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20160910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20160708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20160506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20160304_fr
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20160304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20160102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20151112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20150910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20150708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20150506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20150304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20150102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20141112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20140910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20140708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20140506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20140304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20140102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20131112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20130910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20130708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20130506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20130304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20130102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20121112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20120910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20120708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20120506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20120304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20120102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20111112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20110910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20110708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20110506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20110304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nafsa/ie_20110102
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com