International Educator - May/June 2015 - 11

FRONTLINES

TABLE 2

Notable Immigrant Cancer Researchers: Past and Present
Immigrant

Place of Birth

Contribution to Cancer Research and Medicine

Baruj Benacerraf

Venezuela

Earned Nobel Prize (1980) for "discoveries concerning genetically determined
structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions" and led
Sidney Farber Institute

Elizabeth Blackburn

Australia

Earned Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (2009) "for the discovery of how
chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"

George H.A. Clowes

United Kingdom

Introduced first chemotherapy, an original founder of American Association for
Cancer Research

Carl Cori

Austria-Hungary

Earned Nobel Prize (1947) with wife Gerty Cori for "their discovery of the course
of the catalytic conversion of glycogen"

Gerty Cori

Austria-Hungary

First woman to earn Nobel Prize (1947), shared with husband Carl

Tom Curran

United Kingdom

Past President of American Association for Cancer Research; he "pioneered
laboratory studies of a novel molecule called HhAntag to treat brain cancer
without the need for traditional chemotherapy or radiation"

Emmanuel Farber

Canada

Past President American Association for Cancer Research; pioneer in liver cancer
research, toxicology and chemical carcinogenesis

Peter Jones

South Africa

Former Director of USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, noted researcher
in field of epigenetics

Waun Ki Hong

South Korea

Considered one of the founders of cancer chemoprevention; key researcher at
MD Anderson; past-president American Association for Cancer Research

Leo Loeb

Germany

In 1907 helped establish mammary cancer was hereditary; pioneer in examining
link between cancer and reproductive hormones; an original founder (and pastpresident) of American Association for Cancer Research

Frank McCormick

United Kingdom

A leader in the development of "targeted cancer therapies"; president of
American Association for Cancer Research

Enrico Mihich

Italy

Made notable advances in chemotherapy and in the understanding of hostdefense mechanisms; past-president of American Association for Cancer
Research

Andrew Schally

Poland

Earned Nobel Prize (1977) for "discoveries concerning the peptide hormone
production of the brain"

Carl Voegtlin

Switzerland

First head of the National Cancer Institute (19381943); past-president, American
Association for Cancer Research

Source: American Association for Cancer Research; National Foundation for American Policy.

1939, he was rejected by 10 medical schools because at
the time such schools maintained quotas against Jewish
and foreign applicants (and he was both). Benacerraf,
born in Venezuela, eventually was admitted to the
University of Virginia. He became a U.S. citizen and
served as a doctor in the U.S. Army after World War
II. He conducted research, publishing more than 600
papers in his career, and became leader of the Sidney
Farber Institute, later called the Dana-Farber Cancer
Institute, in 1980. That same year he was awarded the
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for "his work on
how the human body distinguishes its own cells from
foreign bodies."13
10  

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR M AY + J U N E .15

Leading in Science and Technology
Positive changes to immigration policy can yield profound
changes. The repeal of the "national origins" quotas in
the 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act and the end
of the Asiatic Barred Zone, combined with increases to
immigration in the 1990 Act, opened the door to many
outstanding individuals who otherwise could not have
immigrated to the United States. While the rise in immigrant Nobel Prize winners also reflects an increase in
the reputation and capability of U.S. academic institutions
post-1960, a greater openness to immigration helped
make the United States the world's leading destination
for research in vital science and technology fields.
IE


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - May/June 2015

Pathfinders
Job Search: An American Tale
On the Rise
Frontlines
In Brief
Voices
Education Abroad
Foreign Student Affairs
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Forum
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