International Educator - March/April 2016 - French - F6

ability of other students to ask for a Visa Long Séjour
(Prolonged Visa) would be speeded up and the reason
for refusing to deliver such a visa would have to be explained. A third visa that would allow students to go
back and forth from their countries of origin also would
be created.

Expanding French Higher Education
Institutions' Reach
Higher education options for international students in
France include 73 public universities, 220 Grandes Écoles,
which offer the equivalent of a bachelor's and master's
degree combined over a five-year period, and various
specialized schools of business management, engineering, and art, design, and architecture.

O

France's COMUES
NE FRENCH TOOL

The aim of these clusters

Ranking index within a

in furthering

is to allow higher education

decade. This COMUE includes

internationalization

institutions to better

world famous institutions:

and international

collaborate on many topics:

École Polytechnique, HEC,

student recruiting is France's

international strategy, joint

Université Paris Sud, CNRS,

COMUE (Association of

delivery of master's degrees

and CEA. The creation of

Universities and Higher

and PhDs, and welcoming

largest universities also gives

Education Institutions),

students. The other objective

them greater means for

education-sector clusters

is to create larger universities

their international exposure,

made of universities, Grandes

in order to form sufficient

allowing them to open

Écoles (elite schools), and

critical mass to compete with

representative offices abroad,

research organizations

top world universities and

as is the case of the University

designed to pool resources

improve their position in the

Sorbonne Paris Cité (USPC),

of those institutions to build

international rankings.

which opened offices in

major centers of higher

Thierry Valentin, Campus

education, research, and

France deputy executive

innovation.

director, says the COMUEs

Initiated by the creation of

6  

France is a relative newcomer to a centralized strategy to foster international student recruiting, with such
efforts commencing only in 1998. Campus France itself
is a relatively recent development that reflects the combination of two previously independent organizations
in May 2012, one doing marketing and another, older
one administering grants and scholarships. Campus
France now employs 230 individuals in France and 300
in local offices abroad and maintains 235 offices in 121
countries. In July 2015 Campus France director general
Antoine Grassin was replaced by Béatrice Khaiat. Since
April 2014 Khaiat had served as vice general director of
Campus France and earlier participated in the creation
of Edufrance, directing it from 2000 to 2006 and from
2009 to 2012.

Singapore, Buenos Aires, and
Sao Paulo, says Valentin.
The COMUEs range from

allow French higher education

simple association to new

the PRES (Poles of Research

institutions in the same region

institutions as a result of the

and Higher Education) in

or adjacent regions with the

fusion of oldest, as is the case

2006, the government-led

same views of international

of the universities of Grenoble

effort directs all French

mobility to share resources to

I, II, and III, which have merged

universities (around 70) and

facilitate international mobility.

on January 1, 2016, to create

hundreds of Grandes Écoles to

As an example, the Paris

the University of Grenoble

work together for the creation

Saclay COMUE located at the

Alpes. This new entity will

of 26 COMUEs, since the

southwest of Paris aims to

cover all fields of knowledge,

2013 Foriaso Law for Higher

integrate and enter the top

from social sciences to natural

Education and Research.

10 rankings of the Shanghai

sciences.

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR M A R + A P R .16 * F R A N C E S U P P L E M E N T

What are the
Grandes Écoles?
Grandes Écoles, literally
in French "grand
schools," meaning "elite
schools") of France
are higher education
establishments outside
the main framework of
the French university
system. Most were
established by branches
of the state; the first of
all, École Polytechnique,
during the French
Revolution. The grandes
écoles select students for
admission based chiefly
on national ranking in
competitive written and
oral exams, while French
public universities have
a legal obligation to
accept all candidates
of the region who
hold a corresponding
baccalauréat.



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International Educator - March/April 2016 - French - FCover1
International Educator - March/April 2016 - French - FCover2
International Educator - March/April 2016 - French - Contents
International Educator - March/April 2016 - French - F2
International Educator - March/April 2016 - French - F3
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