International Educator - May/June 2016 - 4

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FRONTLINES
By Stuart Anderson

Technology Boom Helped Drive
International Students to the United States
THE iPHONE IN YOUR POCKET may be a key reason for the rise in international students in
United States. Of course, it's not just the iPhone that has accelerated globalization in higher education but the many changes in technology that have transformed commerce and daily life. Would
international students still have come to the United States without the technological changes we've
witnessed? Yes. Would their numbers have increased so dramatically? Not a chance.
Over the past 30 years, technological changes have
encouraged foreign nationals to study computer science,
electrical engineering, and other fields that would help to
build their careers and U.S. universities have become the
leading destination for these ambitious students. In the
1979-80 academic year, 283,503 international students
were enrolled at U.S. universities, but by 2009-2010 that
number had more than doubled to 623,119, according to
the Institute of International Education.1
The increase in international students over that period
was much greater for graduate enrollment than for undergraduates. Over the 30-year period between 1979-80 and
2009-2010 graduate enrollment increased by 199,755,
or 212 percent, compared with a rise of 101,911, or 59
percent for undergraduates. Similarly, over the 20-year
period between 1989-90 and 2009-2010, graduate enroll-

ment increased by 73 percent in contrast to 48 percent for
undergraduates.
The increases in graduate enrollment in technology-related fields have helped fuel the rise of international students
in the United States. Between 1982 and 2013, graduate student enrollment (full- and part-time) in computer science
increased by 635 percent, from 4,373 to 32,148. In electrical
engineering, between 1982 and 2013, graduate enrollment
increased by 386 percent, from 6,302 to 30,670.2
What were the technological changes that increased
the demand for high-skilled labor and, as a result, also
increased the interest of international studies to pursue
technical degrees? As detailed below, these include the
development of the Internet, smartphones, social media, portable and streaming music and video, and other
advances.

FIGURE 1

FI GU R E 2

Increase in International Student Graduate Enrollment in
Computer Science at U.S. Universities: 1982 to 2013

Increase in International Student Graduate Enrollment in
Electrical Engineering at U.S. Universities: 1982 to 2013

40,000

40,000

30,000

30,000

20,000

20,000

10,000

10,000

0

1982

2013

Source: National Science Foundation, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates
in Science and Engineering, https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/.

4  

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR M AY + J U N E .16

0

1982

2013

Source: National Science Foundation, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates
in Science and Engineering, https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/.


https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/ https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - May/June 2016

Toward a Better World
Tech Abroad
The University of Virginia Seeks to Emulate Its Founder
Frontlines
In Brief
Global Spotlight
Education Abroad
Foreign Student Affairs
International Enrollment
View From Out Here
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2016 - BB1
International Educator - May/June 2016 - BB2
International Educator - May/June 2016 - Cover1
International Educator - May/June 2016 - Cover2
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 1
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 2
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 3
International Educator - May/June 2016 - Frontlines
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 5
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 6
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 7
International Educator - May/June 2016 - In Brief
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 9
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 10
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 11
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 12
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 13
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 14
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 15
International Educator - May/June 2016 - Global Spotlight
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 17
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 18
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 19
International Educator - May/June 2016 - Toward a Better World
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 21
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 22
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 23
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 24
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 25
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 26
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 27
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 28
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 29
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 30
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 31
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 32
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 33
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 34
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 35
International Educator - May/June 2016 - Tech Abroad
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 37
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 38
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 39
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 40
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 41
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 42
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 43
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 44
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 45
International Educator - May/June 2016 - The University of Virginia Seeks to Emulate Its Founder
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 47
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 48
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 49
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 50
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 51
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 52
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 53
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 54
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 55
International Educator - May/June 2016 - Education Abroad
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 57
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 58
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 59
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 60
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 61
International Educator - May/June 2016 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 63
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 64
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 65
International Educator - May/June 2016 - International Enrollment
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 67
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 68
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 69
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 70
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 71
International Educator - May/June 2016 - View From Out Here
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 73
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 74
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 75
International Educator - May/June 2016 - Forum
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 77
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 78
International Educator - May/June 2016 - 79
International Educator - May/June 2016 - In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2016 - Cover3
International Educator - May/June 2016 - Cover4
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