International Educator - September/October 2016 - 21

AMPATH-KENYA

of an emphasis, unlike most other regions of the world,
upon increasing the international awareness of students.
As for the risks of internationalization to institutions, it
found that topping the list for African respondents, as for
most of the regions of the world, was making international
opportunities available only to students with financial resources. And, like the Middle East, ranked second among
risks was the risk of brain drain.
Also noteworthy was the survey's finding that among
global regions only Africa expressed as a leading concern
among potential societal risks of internationalization the
dominance of a 'western' epistemological approach, which
the report noted could be influenced by the fact that the
region, "perhaps more than any other, still experiences
the impact of past colonial domination." The survey found
the priority internationalization activities undertaken by
African institutions to be, in order, international research
and collaboration, outgoing mobility opportunities for
faculty and staff, and, alone among regions of the world,
international development and capacity building projects..
Partnerships in Africa still to some extent reflect old
colonial ties. The European Union (EU) is a very large
facilitator of African-European ties and capacity building. Many former colonies of France and, to a lesser
extent, the United Kingdom, have extensive partnership
arrangements between these countries fed in part by educational systems that are designed around the models
of those countries, which facilitates such collaborations.
Relationships with higher education institutions (HEIs) in
the United States are also extensive and relationships with
other regions are growing.
Generally, the limited resources of states, universities,
and their students on the continent present challenges to
globalization and international partnerships, including,
frequently, an inability to support flows of students and
academics from Africa to other regions in the world, limited classroom facilities-particularly in resource-intensive
fields such as the sciences-and limited capacity for research at many institutions. A host of capacity-building
partnerships with regional and international bodies, as
described below, aim to improve such abilities.
In addition, with respect to higher education, one challenge in the region is the disparity between a handful of
long-established, flagship universities in many countries,
many with strong research capabilities and relatively solid
finances, and a proliferation of newer HEIs in the last two
decades promoted by national governments to try to rapidly build general higher education capacity, notes James
Otieno Jowi, executive director of the African Network
for Internationalization of Education (ANIE), an inde-

pendent, nonprofit, nongovernmental African network
committed to the advancement of high quality research,
capacity building, and advocacy on internationalization of
higher education, with a primary focus on Africa. Many
of the newer institutions suffer from a lack of resources,
lack of trained academics, limited research capabilities, a
less developed pedagogical structure, and, in many areas,
a lack of transparency.
"Some in the West say expansion of the higher education sector has been too rapid and that there is a lack
of strategy, but higher education in this continent is in a
tight spot," Jowi says. "Now is when Africa has its highest
number of young people and there is still a relatively small
higher education sector. There is a risk that young people
will be locked out and you will have a lost generation."

North American
and Kenyan
medical students
rotation at Moi
Teaching and
Referral Hospital,
Eldoret, Kenya.

Mighty Steps in South Africa
One of the most advanced regions on the continent for
higher education capacity and partnerships is South
Africa. The country is notable for a large number of highranked HEIs. The University of Cape Town tops a 2016
Times Higher Education snapshot ranking of the best universities in Africa, while other South African institutions
claim five of the top six other spots.
"Most universities in South Africa have substantial
partnerships, but different universities have different
strategies," says Lavern Samuels, former president of
the International Education Association of South Africa
(IEASA) and director of international education and partnerships at the Durban University of Technology (DUT).
"Larger universities with larger international offices, such
as the University of Cape Town (UCT), Nelson Mandela
Metropolitan University, and Stellenbosch University,
tend to have larger scale partnerships. Other universities
have come in a little later or have smaller international
offices, yet are often doing things that are equally creative."
S E P T + O C T.16 INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - September/October 2016

Frontlines
In Brief
Insights
Collaborating with Africa
Rice University Finds a Natural Partner in Brazil
Virginia Commonwealth University Students Live and Learn Engagement
At Wake Forest University, Intercultural Skills Start with Faculty
Foreign Student Affairs
In Focus
Going Social
Advice from the Field
Using Social Media to Recruit Chinese Students
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Cover1
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Cover2
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 1
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 2
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 3
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Frontlines
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 5
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 6
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 7
International Educator - September/October 2016 - In Brief
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 9
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 10
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 11
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 12
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 13
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 14
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 15
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Insights
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 17
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Collaborating with Africa
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 19
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 20
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 21
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 22
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 23
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 24
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 25
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 26
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 27
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 28
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 29
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 30
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 31
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Rice University Finds a Natural Partner in Brazil
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 33
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 34
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 35
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Virginia Commonwealth University Students Live and Learn Engagement
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 37
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 38
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 39
International Educator - September/October 2016 - At Wake Forest University, Intercultural Skills Start with Faculty
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 41
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 42
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 43
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 45
International Educator - September/October 2016 - In Focus
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 47
International Educator - September/October 2016 - 48
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Cover3
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Cover4
International Educator - September/October 2016 - SCover1
International Educator - September/October 2016 - SCover2
International Educator - September/October 2016 - S1
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Going Social
International Educator - September/October 2016 - S3
International Educator - September/October 2016 - S4
International Educator - September/October 2016 - S5
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Advice from the Field
International Educator - September/October 2016 - S7
International Educator - September/October 2016 - Using Social Media to Recruit Chinese Students
International Educator - September/October 2016 - S9
International Educator - September/October 2016 - S10
International Educator - September/October 2016 - S11
International Educator - September/October 2016 - S12
International Educator - September/October 2016 - SCover3
International Educator - September/October 2016 - SCover4
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