International Educator - March/April 2017 - 18

CHALLENGES

"There are
untapped
markets
to recruit
international
students in
emerging
economies."

Perhaps the most obvious issue for traditional international student magnets is that interest in both the
United States and the United Kingdom-the world's top
two destination countries-has declined and flattened,
respectively. Although international mobility is at an
all-time high, with international students surpassing
the 1 million mark in the United States and more than
4.1 million mobile students worldwide, the proportion
of these studying in Britain has stagnated at about 11
percent, and the United States is losing market share to
Australia and Canada, as well as to emerging destinations in Asia.
The latter is part of a lengthening trend: Although still
the leading destination for international students, the
United States' dominance has declined over the last 15
years. Its share of the world's international students has
dropped from 28 percent in 2001 to 25 percent in 2016,
according to the 2016 Open Doors report, and according
to projections in The Shape of International Education
to 2025-a December 2015 report from the British
Council-that trend is likely to continue.

Uncertainty
The biggest challenge for the higher education community, however, seems to be uncertainty itself: Very
few scholars or political analysts correctly predicted
the results of either the Brexit referendum or the U.S.
presidential election, and the full ramifications of those
outcomes remain largely unknown.

David Moore, dean of international education at
Broward College in Florida, anticipates that the political
uncertainty in the United States might dissuade students
from particular countries. "It is not hard to imagine that
with the changes going on in Washington, there could be
a downturn in student enrollments coming from countries such as China, Mexico, and throughout the Middle
East. . . . Maintaining our leadership as a higher education destination could be a significant challenge," he says.
Steve Hanson, vice provost for international affairs
and government professor at the College of William and
Mary, echoes that conclusion. "We are moving away from
a world in which analysts could assume that most if not all
countries would ultimately be forced to adapt to institutional rules and norms typical of Western market democracies, to a world in which regime identities are once
again fundamentally up for grabs," he says. "The result,
in developed and developing countries alike, will be far
greater geopolitical turbulence and uncertainty externally,
and far greater institutional instability internally."
Hanson, who is an expert in post-Soviet politics, says
the current events represent the emergence of a new
political landscape: "International educators will have a
lot of work to do to help university leaders, faculty, and
students navigate this new, complex terrain."
There are also fears that the United States is putting
too many eggs in too few baskets: China, India, South
Korea, and Saudi Arabia account for half of its international enrollment, and there are already indications
that the rapid increase in international enrollment is not
sustainable: Enrollments from Saudi Arabia and other
petroleum-rich countries tend to follow the ever-fluctuating price of oil, and an apparent softening in Chinese
graduate enrollment in the United States has followed
China's slowed economic growth.

Rising Competition
At the same time, China-currently the third largest
host country-more than doubled its international student population from 2005 to 2015, to almost 400,000.
As it continues to build up higher education capacity
within its own borders, some studies have even predicted that China could overtake Britain as the second
most popular destination for international students by
2020. Other countries that have moved into the top 10
include Russia and Canada, according to Open Doors.
"Emerging education hubs like China and alternative
destinations like Australia and Canada have an opportunity to attract international students on the foundations

18  

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR M A R + A P R .17



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - March/April 2017

From the Editor
In Brief
Global Spotlight Cuba
Insights
Voices
Feature: Lay of the Land: What Now?
Feature: Finding Common Ground through Art Therapy
Feature: Empowering Refugees Through Education
Campus Profile: New York Institute of Technology
Campus Snapshot: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Education Abroad
International Student Affairs
Partnering
View From Out Here
In Focus
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Cover1
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Cover2
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 1
International Educator - March/April 2017 - From the Editor
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 3
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 4
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 5
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 6
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 7
International Educator - March/April 2017 - In Brief
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Global Spotlight Cuba
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Insights
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 11
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Voices
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 13
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 14
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 15
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Feature: Lay of the Land: What Now?
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 17
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 18
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 19
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 20
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 21
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 22
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 23
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Feature: Finding Common Ground through Art Therapy
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 25
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 26
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 27
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 28
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 29
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 30
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 31
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Feature: Empowering Refugees Through Education
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 33
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 34
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 35
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 36
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 37
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 38
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Campus Profile: New York Institute of Technology
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 40
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 41
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 42
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 43
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 44
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 45
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 46
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Campus Snapshot: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 48
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 49
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 50
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 51
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Education Abroad
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 53
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 54
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 55
International Educator - March/April 2017 - International Student Affairs
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 57
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 58
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 59
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Partnering
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 61
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 62
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 63
International Educator - March/April 2017 - View From Out Here
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 65
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 66
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 67
International Educator - March/April 2017 - In Focus
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Cover3
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Cover4
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