International Educator - March/April 2017 - 67

and promised criminal and disciplinary
sanctions for troops failing to comply.
The UN Department of Peacekeeping
Operations in 2012 banned peacekeeping
troops from using schools. And 19 nonstate-armed groups have signed a Deed of
Commitment for the Protection of Children
from the Effects of Armed Conflict, negotiated by the group Geneva Call, which
includes a promise to avoid using schools.
In the face of terrible school attacks
continuing in Syria and elsewhere, these
are all signs of new-and promising-
momentum to make many schools safer
for children during war.
But much more remains to be done.
More countries should sign the Safe
Schools Declaration and take steps to prevent schools from being attacked, including not using them for military purposes.
The United States and a number of other
countries with well-resourced militaries
that should be well-placed to avoid taking
over children's schools have not signed.
International donors to education
should care as well. Our researchers visited
a Swedish-government-funded school in
Afghanistan that was left in ruins last year
when government forces attacked Taliban
troops based there. Afghan government
forces have also used schools as military
bases. Funding for schools should include
pressing recipients wherever possible to
restrict their use by the military.
Those responsible for attacking and
using schools should face real penalties, including public shaming, the loss
of funding, and criminal sanctions. The
International Criminal Court has jurisdiction over wartime attacks on education institutions-for the right case, such
charges would send a powerful message.
As I sat with Laila back in 2005, before we
finished looking at the album, a child came
to the doorway with a note from my colleague-it was really time to get on the road.
Laila closed the book but touched my arm.
She was scared, she says, but "I'm a soldier.

I'm running this school and I have housework and six children. . . . It's a challenge for
me and I will never stop this school."
Teachers like Laila and students like
Deka are working so hard-and taking

such great risks-for education. They
should be able to count on the rest of the
world to support them. n
ZAMA COURSEN-NEFF is children's rights
director at Human Rights Watch.

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - March/April 2017

From the Editor
In Brief
Global Spotlight Cuba
Insights
Voices
Feature: Lay of the Land: What Now?
Feature: Finding Common Ground through Art Therapy
Feature: Empowering Refugees Through Education
Campus Profile: New York Institute of Technology
Campus Snapshot: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Education Abroad
International Student Affairs
Partnering
View From Out Here
In Focus
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Cover1
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Cover2
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 1
International Educator - March/April 2017 - From the Editor
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 3
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 4
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 5
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 6
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 7
International Educator - March/April 2017 - In Brief
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Global Spotlight Cuba
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Insights
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 11
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Voices
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 13
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 14
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 15
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Feature: Lay of the Land: What Now?
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 17
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 18
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 19
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 20
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 21
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 22
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 23
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Feature: Finding Common Ground through Art Therapy
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 25
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 26
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 27
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 28
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 29
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 30
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 31
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Feature: Empowering Refugees Through Education
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 33
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 34
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 35
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 36
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 37
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 38
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Campus Profile: New York Institute of Technology
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 40
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 41
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 42
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 43
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 44
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 45
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 46
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Campus Snapshot: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 48
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 49
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 50
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 51
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Education Abroad
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 53
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 54
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 55
International Educator - March/April 2017 - International Student Affairs
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 57
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 58
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 59
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Partnering
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 61
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 62
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 63
International Educator - March/April 2017 - View From Out Here
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 65
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 66
International Educator - March/April 2017 - 67
International Educator - March/April 2017 - In Focus
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Cover3
International Educator - March/April 2017 - Cover4
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