International Educator - May/June 2017 - 68

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INTERNATIONAL STUDENT AFFAIRS
By David Tobenkin

Beyond the Bottom Line
Financial Aid Trends for International Students in the United States
The gauntlet has been thrown down for U.S. higher education institutions to step up efforts to
help their current and prospective international students find ways to pay for their education.
More global competition for international students, less support from some key international
sending countries, and tight financial situations at many colleges mean that many colleges will
have to use all the tools at their disposal, and often some creativity, to help entice and support
those students and to meet their institutions' internationalization goals.
"Overall, the financial situation for international
students to study here is becoming more difficult," says
George Kacenga, director of international enrollment
management at the University of Colorado-Denver, a
public institution. "More international and domestic
students are competing for a limited pool of resources.
For public institutions relying on out-of-state and
international students to offset state budget cuts,
discounting the tuition of these same students can be
counterproductive. Negotiating scholarships and merit
awards at rates that will attract applicants but not break
the budget is a difficult task."
In an era when geopolitical developments, the
Trump administration's immigration policies, and international education economic trends threaten traditional
mainstays of international student source countries,
many international enrollment leaders say they are rapidly trying to diversify their international student source
countries, and that the strategic use of financial aid is an
important component of that drive.
Most international students still pay for their own
education. Based on the Institute of International
Education's Open Doors data of the total number of
international students in the United States, self- and
family-financed were collectively the primary source
of funding for roughly two-thirds (66.5 percent) of
the international students in 2015-16. Another 7.4
percent and 6.6 percent of international students
received primary funding from foreign colleges
or governments and from employers in 2015-16,
respectively. But competition for those students is
fierce and the risk of recruitment drop-offs is real.
68  

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR M AY + J U N E .17

"Many institutions have had a relatively easy time
recruiting large numbers of international students from
a limited number of countries," says Jessica Sandberg,
director of international admissions at Temple
University and editor of NAFSA's Guide to International
Student Recruitment, Third Edition. "I think the financial
resources of an institution come into play in their ability
to diversify international enrollment. For example, over
the last five to 10 years, Temple, like many universities,
has been able to recruit international students relatively
easily from areas that do not need much institution
financial support, such as China, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait,
India, and Korea, because international students'
families have financial means or because of government scholarships." But the question is whether the
pipeline will continue to be filled from those countries.
There have already been large-scale cuts to the Saudi
and Brazilian international student mobility programs,
in part because of falling oil prices. This has resulted in
large decreases in students from those countries.
"The challenge is to avoid having all your eggs in one
basket in case there is a drop-off from certain countries.
This means diversifying beyond the core countries,
which some institutions have not yet done. Financial
aid is also key to such efforts, ideally developed in part
by using the fees of full-paying international students to
provide scholarships for students in other underrepresented regions," Sandberg says.

Financial Aid Equations
Open Doors data found that U.S. institutional funding was the second largest source of funding for



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - May/June 2017

From the Editor
Frontlines
In Brief
Global Spotlight: Middle East
Quick Questions
High Tech, High Engagement
Principled, Pragmatic, Impactful
What Happens to Study Abroad Students
Campus Profi le: Internationalization at the University of Tampa
Campus Spotlight: Internationalization at East Carolina University
Education Abroad
International Enrollment
International Student Affair
Partnering
A View From Out Here
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Cover1
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Cover2
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 1
International Educator - May/June 2017 - From the Editor
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 3
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Frontlines
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 5
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 6
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 7
International Educator - May/June 2017 - In Brief
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 9
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 10
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 11
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 12
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 13
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Global Spotlight: Middle East
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 15
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Quick Questions
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 17
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 18
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 19
International Educator - May/June 2017 - High Tech, High Engagement
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 21
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 22
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 23
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 24
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 25
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 26
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 27
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 28
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 29
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Principled, Pragmatic, Impactful
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 31
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 32
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 33
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 34
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 35
International Educator - May/June 2017 - What Happens to Study Abroad Students
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 37
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 38
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 39
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 40
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 41
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Campus Profi le: Internationalization at the University of Tampa
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 43
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 44
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 45
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 46
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 47
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 48
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 49
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 50
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 51
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 52
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 53
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Campus Spotlight: Internationalization at East Carolina University
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 55
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 56
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 57
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 58
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 59
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Education Abroad
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 61
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 62
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 63
International Educator - May/June 2017 - International Enrollment
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 65
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 66
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 67
International Educator - May/June 2017 - International Student Affair
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 69
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 70
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 71
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Partnering
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 73
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 74
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 75
International Educator - May/June 2017 - A View From Out Here
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 77
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 78
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 79
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Forum
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 81
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 82
International Educator - May/June 2017 - 83
International Educator - May/June 2017 - In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Cover3
International Educator - May/June 2017 - Cover4
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