International Educator - November/December 2017 - 30

If this doesn't sound like the innovative change-theworld inventions that drew attention to earlier social
entrepreneurship efforts, that's entirely by design. As
social entrepreneurship has become a well-defined
movement in higher education, there's been a marked
shift away from lionizing "heropreneurs"-lone students
whose innovative business ideas scale and singlehandedly change the world. Brilliant ideas and businesses
still are coming into the marketplace: everything from
microbusinesses operating pay toilets in slums whose

waste is resold as fertilizer to smartphone-powered
microemployment systems for refugees. But today's
social entrepreneurs are increasingly focused on system
change, and on working with existing players and contexts instead of trying to disrupt them.

Getting Systematic
"System change ... is messy and complicated. It
takes more than businesses ... because no one business can grow to the size of the problem," Daniela

What It Takes
Leaders of social entrepreneurship programs have identified key factors that
can help colleges and universities support students, including:
Financial Support
Large cash awards draw considerable attention to social entrepreneurship-some, including prizes
offered by the Skoll Foundation and
the Hult Prize-can exceed $1 million. At
the same time, far more modest awards are
sufficient to get innovative entrepreneurship efforts off the ground. In many cases,
these awards are couched as business
plan competitions or seed grants in
which the criteria are the scope of the
need and the potential of the solution.
"It's helpful if institutions can put small
amounts of capital to help develop plans
to the next stage," says Carole Carlson,
director of the MBA program at the Heller
School for Social Policy and Management
at Brandeis University. "It's definitely risk
capital-a lot of things will fail, but a few
will succeed."
At the same time, financial support is
no longer solely about incubating promising businesses. At Middlebury College,
for example, one fellow used a significant
part of his grant money to attend a summer business school program. "We talked
about not investing in projects, but rather
a human being," says Jonathan Isham, cofounder and former director of the Center
for Social Entrepreneurship at Middle-

30  

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR N O V.+ D E C .17

bury. "We try to help them navigate the
beginning of their lives of social change."
In similar fashion, among Wesleyan's
financial offerings are intrapreneurship
and summer internship grants that allow
students to take on changemaking experiences within existing institutions.
Fellowship Programs
Many colleges and universities offer a broader series of
supports through fellowship
programs. Typically fellows
are selected through a competitive
process-Middlebury, for example, accepts
a half-dozen fellows out of an applicant
field nearly seven times larger. Placed in a
cohort, fellows often take classes focused
on social entrepreneurship and other skills,
then receive peer and faculty support as
they develop their plans.
As befits the global aspirations of
these programs, fellowships often reach
beyond campus walls. Consider Our
Generation Speaks, a Brandeis-supported
incubator focused on fostering collaboration between Israeli and Palestinian entrepreneurs in the Middle East; one recent
project focused on providing premarital
genetic testing for members of the Bedouin community to reduce birth defects.

Along with providing on-the-ground business support, mentoring, and the possibility of funding from a startup accelerator,
the program also taps the knowledge of
private and public sector leaders to help
these entrepreneurs create businesses
that cross political and ethnic lines, and
build a brighter future for the region.
Other Supports
As with other study abroad
programs, predeparture programming is key for students
preparing to embark on social
change in unfamiliar settings. For entrepreneurship efforts, a particular emphasis
should be placed on having students
understand the existing ecosystem of
supports and the country's entrepreneurial culture, according to Raible: "To fully
appreciate the experience, it's key that
students come in with a really grounded
idea of what to look for," she says.
Networking
Significant numbers of students interested
in social change come from underserved
backgrounds. As such, it's vital to help
them understand how to develop relationships and gain "access to networks if they
weren't born into them," Kingsley says.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - November/December 2017

From the Desk of
Frontlines
In Brief
Global Spotlight: Iran
Quick Questions
Feature: The New Why of Partnering: International Partnerships Are Expanding Their Reach and Goals
Feature: Partnering Case Studies: Leveraging Unconventionality
Feature: Doing Well by Doing Good: Social Entrepreneurship is Evolving to Meet New Realities
Education Abroad
International Student Affairs
International Enrollment
International Education Leadership
Forum
In Focus
Feature: A Healthy Balance
Feature: Mental Health: Leveraging Resources
International Educator - November/December 2017 - Cover1
International Educator - November/December 2017 - Cover2
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 1
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 2
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 3
International Educator - November/December 2017 - From the Desk of
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 5
International Educator - November/December 2017 - Frontlines
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 7
International Educator - November/December 2017 - In Brief
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 9
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 10
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 11
International Educator - November/December 2017 - Global Spotlight: Iran
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 13
International Educator - November/December 2017 - Quick Questions
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 15
International Educator - November/December 2017 - Feature: The New Why of Partnering: International Partnerships Are Expanding Their Reach and Goals
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 17
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 18
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 19
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 20
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 21
International Educator - November/December 2017 - Feature: Partnering Case Studies: Leveraging Unconventionality
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 23
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 24
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 25
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 26
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 27
International Educator - November/December 2017 - Feature: Doing Well by Doing Good: Social Entrepreneurship is Evolving to Meet New Realities
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 29
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 30
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 31
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 32
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 33
International Educator - November/December 2017 - Education Abroad
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 35
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 36
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 37
International Educator - November/December 2017 - International Student Affairs
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 39
International Educator - November/December 2017 - International Enrollment
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 41
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 42
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 43
International Educator - November/December 2017 - International Education Leadership
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 45
International Educator - November/December 2017 - Forum
International Educator - November/December 2017 - 47
International Educator - November/December 2017 - In Focus
International Educator - November/December 2017 - Cover3
International Educator - November/December 2017 - Cover4
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