HOW Assessment Approaches By Charlotte West W MEASURE UP ITH MORE international students than ever studying in the United States and other major destination countries, universities are faced with the task of ensuring that students from diverse cultural backgrounds arrive with the foundational knowledge they need to be successful in higher education. Institutions not only need to assess language proficiency, but also to help students in their adjustment to an unfamiliar educational system and culture. Questions of assessment and subsequent support involve many different offices on campus, ranging from admissions and enrollment management to academic advising and English as a Second Language (ESL) programs. While assessments such as the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and International English Language Testing System (IELTS) have long dominated the English language testing market, an increasing number of alternatives are emerging. In addition, while still a requirement for university admission, these language proficiency tests are not always an accurate predictor of a student's readiness to succeed in an English-speaking classroom. Many institutions are responding by adopting secondary placement tests once students arrive on campus and developing programs that provide both linguistic and cultural support.