International Educator - May/June 2018 - 40

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EDUCATION ABROAD
By Gabrielle Malfatti and Caroline Donovan White

Fostering Positive Engagement Between
Students and Host Communities
on the
student traveler. We've historically focused on our students: we assess their learning, cultural
engagement, and personal growth. When students from the United States arrive at their host
sites abroad, they have much to gain from their interactions with people, culture, language, and
other elements in their new surroundings. But what are the benefits to the host communities?
EDUCATION ABROAD IS GENERALLY FRAMED AS HAVING A POSITIVE EFFECT

While we strive to create ethical partnerships that
value and contribute to the hosting site and larger
community, there are myriad ways education abroad
programs impact local hosts-economically, environmentally, and socioculturally.
The University of Missouri (MU) has these concerns
at the forefront of its relationship with Universidad de
Cienfuegos (UCf ) in Cuba. The partnership provides an
opportunity to explore how reciprocity and mutualism
In their July 2017 article for NAFSA's Trends & Insights publication,
"Avoiding Collateral Damage: Education Abroad Programs and
Their Impacts on Host Communities," Appalachian State University
professors Kathleen Schroeder and Cynthia Wood offer a framework
for considering the impact students can have on their host
communities.
Economic impact: Students and faculty spend money in their host
communities, producing a positive impact on the local economy. However,
students and faculty often tend to visit hotel chains or restaurants affiliated
with tour companies, which may exacerbate inequalities in the host community.
Encourage students and staff to patronize locally owned businesses and learn
about products that are unique to the region.
Environmental impact: The presence of students and faculty in another
country can result in an increased carbon footprint, as more water, energy,
and food is consumed. Teach students about the importance of, and collective
responsibility toward, nature conservation. Urge students and faculty to
minimize their carbon output wherever possible, including using water bottles,
riding public transportation, and giving back to the environment.
Sociocultural impact: Sociocultural engagement is a goal for study abroad.
And yet it needs to be viewed with an ethical lens to avoid exoticism,
voyeurism, and the imposition of foreign cultural norms. During predeparture
sessions, provide information about the country's cultural values and customs
to prepare students for what they can expect. Once on site, develop intentional
and meaningful opportunities for students and faculty to engage with the local
community, such as through service projects or cultural events.

40  

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR M AY + J U N. 2018

can look among partners when there are hefty economic
imbalances.
The two universities' collaborative efforts began
as a result of MU's participation in the first Taller de
Alianzas Estratégicas para la Internacionalización de
la Educación Superior (TIES) in 2015 in Cienfuegos.
Following the initial meetings, discussions carried
forward on both campuses to develop a framework for
collaboration and mutual internationalization of educator preparation at both institutions.
In April 2016, the MU College of Education sent a
second delegation to Cuba that included the dean, director of global engagement, and two other faculty. The
conversations between the two deans further cemented
the desire for collaboration, and it was agreed that a
memorandum of understanding would be proposed to
promote faculty and student exchanges as well as scholarly collaborations.
The visitors from MU left Cuba determined to
develop reciprocal collaboration of mutual benefit.
The leadership of both colleges outlined benefits they
wanted to extract from the interaction, as well as strategies to creatively bring those benefits to fruition. While
MU focused on creating a teach abroad opportunity
for preservice teachers to grow in their multicultural
understanding and global adaptability, UCf wished to
gain access to academic networks in the United States
through conference participation and campus visits.
UCf also wanted to share lessons learned from the
development of one of the most equitable and high
quality PK-20 education systems in the world.
Subsequently, the deans visited each other's campuses and met with faculty and university administrators to establish the teach abroad program and enhance
the English fluency of the UCf students. MU realizes it
is nearly impossible for a Cuban university student to



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - May/June 2018

From the Desk of
In Brief
Global Spotlight: China
Quick Questions
Feature: Global Citizenship 2.0: Supporting a New Breed of Stewards to Confront a Changing Reality
Feature: Lifelong Learning: Higher Education for a World of Speed and Scale
Feature: Internationalization Best Practices: Lessons Learned
Education Abroad
International Student Affairs
International Enrollment
International Education Leadership
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2018 - BB1
International Educator - May/June 2018 - BB2
International Educator - May/June 2018 - Cover1
International Educator - May/June 2018 - Cover2
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 1
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 2
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 3
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 4
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 5
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 6
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 7
International Educator - May/June 2018 - From the Desk of
International Educator - May/June 2018 - In Brief
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 10
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 11
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 12
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 13
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 14
International Educator - May/June 2018 - Global Spotlight: China
International Educator - May/June 2018 - Quick Questions
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 17
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 18
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 19
International Educator - May/June 2018 - Feature: Global Citizenship 2.0: Supporting a New Breed of Stewards to Confront a Changing Reality
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 21
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 22
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 23
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 24
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 25
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 26
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 27
International Educator - May/June 2018 - Feature: Lifelong Learning: Higher Education for a World of Speed and Scale
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 29
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 30
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 31
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 32
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 33
International Educator - May/June 2018 - Feature: Internationalization Best Practices: Lessons Learned
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 35
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 36
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 37
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 38
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 39
International Educator - May/June 2018 - Education Abroad
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 41
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 42
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 43
International Educator - May/June 2018 - International Student Affairs
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 45
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 46
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 47
International Educator - May/June 2018 - International Enrollment
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 49
International Educator - May/June 2018 - International Education Leadership
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 51
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 52
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 53
International Educator - May/June 2018 - Forum
International Educator - May/June 2018 - 55
International Educator - May/June 2018 - In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2018 - Cover3
International Educator - May/June 2018 - Cover4
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