International Educator - July/August 2018 - 50

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INTERNATIONAL ENROLLMENT
By Karen Doss Bowman

A Fundamental Right to Privacy
The European Union's new General Data Protection Regulation causes higher
education to reexamine privacy practices.
went into effect on May 25, 2018. Since the
European Union adopted the law in April 2016, universities across the world, including in the United States,
have struggled to grasp the impact that this sweeping regulation will have on day-to-day operations and
approaches to business.
THE GENERAL DATA PROTECTION REGULATION (GDPR)

50  

Global learning, cross-cultural understanding, and international partnerships are high priorities for most universities, and
the business of doing this work often includes gathering personal information from students and related parties. With the
GDPR in force, what's next for institutions seeking to continue
these activities?
"It's important for administrators to understand the practical
aspects of doing business abroad," says David Di Maria, associate vice provost for international education at the University of
Maryland-Baltimore County (UMBC). "Our field often focuses
on U.S. laws, but we also have to comply with the laws of the
countries with which we engage. The age of innocence is past in
the sense that we can no longer engage internationally without
considering the business and legal implications."
Although the compliance deadline for the GDPR has passed,
privacy will continue to be an issue. May 25 was merely the
starting point to greater transparency, and actual enforcement of
the new regulation is soon to follow. (See Resource box for more
information on penalties.)

Defining Personal Data

General Data Protection Regulation Basics

Steps Toward Compliance

The GDPR approaches privacy as a fundamental human right,
striving "to protect all EU citizens from privacy and data breaches
in an increasingly data-driven world," according to EUGDPR.org.
The scope of the regulation has broadened from the previous
EU Data Protection Regulation, established in the mid-1990s, to
now apply to any organization processing, handling, or storing
the personal data of any person situated in the European Union,
regardless of the person's citizenship or the organization's location.
For U.S. colleges and universities, GDPR could apply to a
variety of scenarios-from an EU citizen applying for admission to a U.S. institution or short-term study abroad course to
distance-learning programs, branch campuses in the European
Union, or alumni activities abroad. Penalties for violating
this regulation may include fines of up to 20 million euros
(about $23,500,000).

GDPR is a far-reaching and complex law, and many colleges and
universities are likely still struggling to adapt business practices to
comply. International educators can be advocates for best practices on their campuses. Here are five ways to do that:
Conduct a risk assessment. Take a close look at what information the institution typically requests-including personal
information such as gender, racial or ethnic origin, and sexual
identity-and the reasons for gathering that data. Is it necessary,
or has it just always done it that way? What potential harm could
come to the individual if the data are breached?
The regulation also strengthens requirements for gaining
consent to collect the data. "Companies will no longer be able to
use long illegible terms and conditions full of legalese," according
to EUGDPR.org. The EU GDPR portal specifies that consent must
be requested in plain, simple terms. Consider the best and clearest

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR J U L + AU G . 2018

Under the new rules, "personal data" refers to any information
that can be used to directly or indirectly identify a person. That
can include anything from names, addresses, and email addresses
to photos, medical information, social media posts, and computer
IP addresses.
Organizations must be able to demonstrate a justifiable reasoning for collecting, processing, and retaining an individual's personal data and have that person's expressed consent to collect the
information. And consent cannot be implied within a document
related to other matters-it must be spelled out in language that is
clear and understandable by the data subject. It must be "as easy
to withdraw consent as to give it," per the law.
One of the unique features of the regulation is "the right to
be forgotten." Unless the institution has a legal obligation to
retain personal data about an individual-for example, if that
person was issued a visa to come to the United States-then that
person has the right to have his or her data scrubbed from the
organization's records.


http://www.EUGDPR.org http://www.EUGDPR.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - July/August 2018

From the Desk of
In Brief
Global Spotlight: Brazil
Quick Questions
Feature: A Shock to the System
Feature: Something Old, Something New
Feature: Building on Strengths
Feature: Weathering the Storm
Education Abroad
International Student Affairs
International Enrollment
International Education Leadership
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - July/August 2018 - Cover1
International Educator - July/August 2018 - Cover2
International Educator - July/August 2018 - GF1
International Educator - July/August 2018 - GF2
International Educator - July/August 2018 - GF3
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 2
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 3
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 4
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 5
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 6
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 7
International Educator - July/August 2018 - From the Desk of
International Educator - July/August 2018 - In Brief
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 10
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 11
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 12
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 13
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 14
International Educator - July/August 2018 - Global Spotlight: Brazil
International Educator - July/August 2018 - Quick Questions
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 17
International Educator - July/August 2018 - Feature: A Shock to the System
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 19
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 20
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 21
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 22
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 23
International Educator - July/August 2018 - Feature: Something Old, Something New
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 25
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 26
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 27
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 28
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 29
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 30
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 31
International Educator - July/August 2018 - Feature: Building on Strengths
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 33
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 34
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 35
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 36
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 37
International Educator - July/August 2018 - Feature: Weathering the Storm
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 39
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 40
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 41
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 42
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 43
International Educator - July/August 2018 - Education Abroad
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 45
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 46
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 47
International Educator - July/August 2018 - International Student Affairs
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 49
International Educator - July/August 2018 - International Enrollment
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 51
International Educator - July/August 2018 - International Education Leadership
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 53
International Educator - July/August 2018 - Forum
International Educator - July/August 2018 - 55
International Educator - July/August 2018 - In Focus
International Educator - July/August 2018 - Cover3
International Educator - July/August 2018 - Cover4
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