International Educator - September/October 2019 - 11

340,000
Number of Chilean university students who benefit
from the gratuidad program, which allows low- and
middle-income students to attend university tuition free.

$810 million
Estimated cost, in dollars, of the gratuidad program,
the first phase of which was implemented in 2016.

GLOBAL SPOTLIGHT

JOSE L. STEPHENS

CHILE

In 2016, the Chilean government
implemented a tuition-free program,
known as gratuidad, in response to
large student demonstrations protesting
high tuition costs, student debt, and
related issues. The program's successes
and failures may serve as a useful case
study for other countries considering
similar free tuition policies.
Since its inception, the program has
faced some serious challenges. Students
claim that the reforms fall short of
promised enrollment and access
targets, and universities say that the
government funding they receive under
the program is insufficient to make up
for the lost tuition revenue. According
to a 2018 report from the Brookings
Institution, Chile's most prestigious
universities are facing gratuidad-related
budget deficits, and, as a result, the
quality of education is suffering.
Critics also argue that an
unintended outcome of the program's
structure is that middle-income
students are benefiting the most, while
the low-income students-whom the
program was designed to serve-are
being crowded out of universities.
Reforms to gratuidad are scheduled
to be implemented in 2020 to address
some of these concerns.

56
Rank of Andrés Bello University, Chile's
highest-ranked university featured in Times Higher
Education's University Impact Rankings 2019.
Eleven Chilean universities appear in the ranking,
which measures universities based on the United
Nations's Sustainable Development Goals.

1842
Year that Universidad de Chile, the country's oldest
continuously operating university, was founded.

3,073
Number of U.S. students enrolled at Chilean
universities during the 2016-17 academic year, a 4.5
percent increase over the previous year's numbers.

2,528
Number of Chilean students enrolled at
U.S. universities during the 2017-18 academic year,
a 77 percent increase in less than 20 years.

Sources: Brookings Institution's Lessons from Chile's Transition
to Free College, University World News, Times Higher Education,
Institute of International Education, institution websites

S E P T + O C T.2019 INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR

11



International Educator - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - September/October 2019

From the Desk of
In Brief
Global Spotlight: Chile
Quick Questions
Feature: Countering the Forces of Change
Feature: Raising the Bar
Feature: Branching Out
Education Abroad
International Student Affairs
International Enrollment Management
International Education Leadership
Forum
Take 5
International Educator - September/October 2019 - Cover1
International Educator - September/October 2019 - Cover2
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 1
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 2
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 3
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 4
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 5
International Educator - September/October 2019 - From the Desk of
International Educator - September/October 2019 - In Brief
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 8
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 9
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 10
International Educator - September/October 2019 - Global Spotlight: Chile
International Educator - September/October 2019 - Quick Questions
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 13
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 14
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 15
International Educator - September/October 2019 - Feature: Countering the Forces of Change
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 17
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 18
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 19
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 20
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 21
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 22
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 23
International Educator - September/October 2019 - Feature: Raising the Bar
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 25
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 26
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 27
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 28
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 29
International Educator - September/October 2019 - Feature: Branching Out
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 31
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 32
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 33
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 34
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 35
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 36
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 37
International Educator - September/October 2019 - Education Abroad
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 39
International Educator - September/October 2019 - International Student Affairs
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 41
International Educator - September/October 2019 - International Enrollment Management
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 43
International Educator - September/October 2019 - International Education Leadership
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 45
International Educator - September/October 2019 - Forum
International Educator - September/October 2019 - 47
International Educator - September/October 2019 - Take 5
International Educator - September/October 2019 - Cover3
International Educator - September/October 2019 - Cover4
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