The Police Chief - December 2011 - (Page 16)

FROM THE ASSISTANT DIRECTOR The U.S. Secret Service Partners with State, Local, and International Law Enforcement to Pursue the World’s Most Wanted Cybercriminals O n April 14, 1865, five days after the formal end of the American Civil War President Abraham Lincoln met with Secretary of the Treasury Hugh McCulloch to combat the United States’ overwhelming counterfeit currency problem. The idea of creating the U.S. Secret Service was born the very day that Abraham Lincoln traveled to Ford’s Theater and was assassinated. As one of the oldest federal investigative law enforcement agencies in the United States, the Secret Service was—and still is—mandated with the mission of suppressing counterfeiting and protecting America’s financial payment systems (among other duties including protection of the president, the vice president, and former elected leaders). Today, as the financial payment methods evolve, so does the Secret Service. In addition to its original mandate of combating the counterfeiting of U.S. currency, the passage of new legislation in 1984 gave the Secret Service authority for investigating credit card and debit card fraud and parallel authority with other federal law enforcement agencies in identity theft cases. Also in 1984, Congress assigned concurrent jurisdiction to the Secret Service to investigate financial crimes as they relate to computers. In 2001, Congress, through the USA Patriot Act, directed the Secret Service to establish nationwide electronic crimes task forces that partners law enforcement, the private sector, and academia in detecting and suppressing computer-based crime. Furthermore, the USA Patriot Act increased the statutory penalties for the manufacture, the possession, the dealing, and the passage of counterfeit U.S. or foreign obligations. The USA Patriot Act allows Secret Service enforcement action to be taken in protecting the U.S. financial payment systems while combating transnational financial crimes directed by criminal organizations. In fiscal year 2010, the Secret Service arrested 1,217 suspects for cybercrime-related violations, with a fraud loss of $507 million. As the original protectors of the U.S. financial payment systems, the Secret Service exercises broad investigative THE POLICE CHIEF/DECEMBER 2011 jurisdiction over a variety of cybercrimes and financial crimes. Secret Service Task Force Strategies To protect the U.S. critical financial infrastructure from cybercriminals and financial criminals, the Secret Service has adopted a multipronged approach. The Secret Service, joining with law enforcement partners, has successfully dismantled some of the largest known cybercriminal organizations by working through the agency’s established network of 31 Electronic Crimes Task Forces (ECTFs) and 38 Financial Crimes Task Forces (FCTFs). The Secret Service ECTFs focus on identifying and locating international cybercriminals involved in network intrusions, bank frauds, data breaches, and other computerrelated crimes. With the recent additions of the two international ECTFs in Rome, Italy, and London, England, local law enforcement members A.T. Smith, Assistant Director, Office of Investigations, U.S. Secret Service, Washington, D.C. are able to leverage their task force participation into Europe, where cybercriminals have operated with impunity. In addition, the ECTF state and local law enforcement partners are provided with computer-based training, tools, and equipment to enhance their investigative skills. Over the last several years, the Secret Service has partnered with Dutch law enforcement in fighting eastern European–based cybercrime. The Secret Service sends cybercrimes agents to work with the Dutch on a three-week temporary assignment rotation. These embedded agents provide the Secret Service a year-round presence with the Dutch, which allows for the sharing of information on criminal tactics, techniques, and cyber intelligence. Reciprocity exists; the Dutch officers of the National High Tech Crime Unit are sent to the United States to work with Secret Service personnel within ECTFs located throughout the country. This international “law enforcement exchange program” enables a robust sharing of information between the two organizations. This Secret Service law enforcement exchange model has recently been expanded to the Ukraine. Although this partnership is in its developmental stage, it already has paid huge dividends in the large amounts of data seized and has given investigators a foothold into a previously lawless refuge. In an effort to strengthen foreign membership to the ECTFs, the Secret Service also has met with law enforcement representatives from Belgium, Germany, France, Spain, Norway, Colombia, China (Hong Kong), Australia, New Zealand, and Russia to identify areas where they can work together to combat cybercrime. Complementing the ECTFs are the Secret Service’s 38 domestic FCTFs, which focus on preventing the exploitation of financial instruments by organized criminal groups. The FCTFs are not dedicated to electronic crimes, but they work closely with financial institutions and local law enforcement to solve traditional financial crimes schemes. Simply stated, the FCTFs arrest criminals and prevent monetary loss to financial 16

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Police Chief - December 2011

President’s Message: The Time for a National Commission Has Come
Legislative Alert: National Criminal Justice Commission Legislation Falls Short of Passage
IACP Foundation: Fueled Up to Fund the Foundation: Harley-Davidson Raffle Kicked Off at Conference
Chief’s Counsel: Postincident Video Review
From the Assistant Director: The U.S. Secret Service Partners with State, Local, and International Law Enforcement to Pursue the World’s Most Wanted Cybercriminals
Advances & Applications
Taking the Straw Man to the Ground: Arguments in Support of the Linear Use-of-Force Continuum
How Police Can Use Hospital Laws to Speed Processing in Hospital Emergency Departments
On Choosing the Right Operational Police Physician
Report of the 118th Annual IACP Conference: Chicago
Board of Officers
General Assemblies
IACP Business
Exhibit Hall
Special Events
Thank You, Chicago
Life Members
New Members
Exhibitor Update
Intelligence-Led Policing: The Future Is Now
“Just a Volunteer”: Supporting An Agency’s Volunteer Program through Difficult Times
Providing Effective Policing for Aboriginal Communities
The IACP and Alcatel-Lucent Present International and Domestic Police Officer of the Year Awards
2011 Author Index
2011 Subject Index
Technology Talk
Index to Advertisers
Highway Safety Initiatives

The Police Chief - December 2011