IIE Network - Spring 2012 - (Page 45)

INSTITUTIONAL AND GOVERNMENTAL STRATEGIES China’s Policies on Overseas Faculty Recruitment By Yiqun Geng WITH THE GLOBALIZATION of the world economy, an internationally competent workforce is of great importance to the economic well-being and development of nations around the world. Recognizing this fact, many countries are increasing their efforts to attract internationally trained and educated human capital. Because of the critical role higher education plays in scientific, economic, and social development, as well as the importance of faculty in helping colleges and universities fulfill this role, the internationalization of the higher education workforce has drawn particular attention from many national leaders and policy-makers. According to a report by the Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing, there are about 35 million people of Chinese origin living in more than 150 counties (Shafi & Nawab, 2011). Although the percentage of this population that holds advanced degrees is unknown, it is clear that there is a rich pool of highly educated, internationally competent Chinese academics living abroad who would be well qualified to work in Chinese higher education institutions and contribute to the development of the nation. Over the last two decades, national, provincial, and municipal governments, as well as individual higher education institutions, have designed policies and programs to recruit these intellectual resources back to China to serve their home country and the Chinese higher education community. National-Level Policies and Programs Driven by a strategy of “building the country through sciences and education,” the Chinese government has implemented a number of national-level programs and policies to attract and retain overseas Chinese scholars. Central elements of these initiatives include premium salaries, special research funds, and the freedom to travel regularly to foreign countries. Examples of specific programs that have been particularly successful include: • 100 Scholar Program: In order to build China’s science and technology capacity, in 1994 the Chinese Academy of Sciences proposed “The Program of 100 Distinguished Scientists” to recruit 100 academic leaders per year, across a variety of fields. The program started with 14 participants in 1994, and by the end of 2007, a total of 1,417 scholars had been recruited. Of these, 987 are scholars who had returned from abroad, a number of whom have since become directors of key laboratories or contributed to important national research projects. • National Outstanding Youth Fund: Also in 1994, the National Outstanding Youth Fund was established to provide research funding and part- or full-time employment in research institutes for highly qualified scholars age 45 and under. Between 1994 and 2004, the fund supported 1,174 researchers, 32.8 percent of The Appointment and Award Ceremony of the Changjiang Scholars Program in 2006. 45 http://www.naylornetwork.com/iie-nxt/

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IIE Network - Spring 2012

A Message from Allan E. Goodman
2012 IIE Andrew Heiskell Awards for Innovation in International Education
IIENetworker University Presidents Interview Series: Renu Khator, University of Houston
Overcoming “Publish or Perish”: Fostering Faculty Engagement in Internationalization through Tenure Codes and Other Employment Policies
Engaging Science Faculty in Internationalization: Teaching Innovations at UW-Madison
Early-College Study Abroad: A Gateway for Faculty Engagement in Internationalization
Promoting Engagement in Curriculum Internationalization
The International Network of Universities (INU): The Consortium for Global Citizenship
Ten Elements of Faculty Involvement in Global Engagement
Building an Interculturally Competent Faculty
A Shrinking World with Expanding Visions: Faculty as Key Players in Internationalization
China’s Policies on Overseas Faculty Recruitment
Overcoming the “American Bubble”: The Norwegian Partnership Programme (PPNA) for Collaboration in Higher Education with North America
Advertisers Index
IIE Program Profi le: Fulbright Visiting Scholar Occasional Lecturer Fund

IIE Network - Spring 2012