IIE Networker - Fall 2008 - (Page 17)

Feature Internationalization in Africa In Relation to Other World Regions By Jane Knight Rationales at the Institutional Level Each region of the world—indeed each that does not rank ‘competitiveness’ in country of the world—approaches interThe motivations behind internationalfirst or second place. Instead, institutions nationalization in a way that reflects its ization help explain why an institution in Africa and the Middle East view interhistory, culture, and context and is conor country believes internationalization nationalization as a tool to “build a counsistent with current needs and priorities. is important and account for strategies try’s human resource capacity.” One might Africa is no exception. used, expected benefits, and risks taken have expected that substantially more This article looks at Africa’s approach or avoided. At a more fundamental level, African respondents would rank “human to internationalization in relation to other rationales reflect the way an institution resource capacity” as their country’s numregions of the world. Its intention is not views the role global elements in the conber one reason to internationalize, but the to compare regions for rating or ranking text of higher education as a whole and its realities of brain drain and the political will purposes. Rather, the purpose is to use a contribution to society. to invest in human capital may have conregionally based analysis to raise new issues and challenges that need further attention about Table 1: Regional Rankings of Institutional Rationales the complex and changing proRationales at Overall Asia and Latin America Middle North Africa Europe cess of internationalization in Institutional Level Ranking Pacific and Caribbean East America Africa. Internationalize student 22% 18% 21% 21% 21% 15% 35% The results of a recent and faculty worldwide survey on interResearch capacity 21% 33% 20% 20% 28% 33% 14% nationalization, conducted by International profile 18% 16% 18% 22% 10% 12% 9% the International Association Academic quality 14% 15% 10% 13% 24% 17% 12% of Universities, help facilitate regional analysis. The global Diversity of faculty and 13% 7% 18% 11% 8% 11% 17% students survey polled senior institutional leaders of higher educaCurriculum innovation 8% 10% 7% 8% 9% 11% 8% tion institutions in 95 different Income generation 4% 1% 6% 3% 0% 1% 5% countries and received their #1 Importance #2 Importance opinions on a common set of questions related to the importance, rationales, benefits and risks, growth areas, institutional and Table One illustrates that institutions in tributed to lower response rates. Another national level policies and evolving reguall regions of the world except the Middle surprise is that development projects rank latory mechanisms. The survey concenEast see student and faculty international low in priority for developed countries. trated on collecting opinion data rather knowledge and intercultural understandThis is worrisome for many developing than quantitative data because quantitaing as either the primary or secondary countries in Africa that depend heavily on tive data at the national level is just not rationale. Africa and the Middle East place development aid. available in many countries. Moreover, more emphasis on “developing research In the final analysis, it is significant that opinion data on new developments and capacity” in institutions and attach less no rationale stood out as the most importissues facing internationalization of uniimportance to using internationalizaant for internationalization. No more than versities provides a much needed source tion as a means “to diversify the source 33 percent of respondents rank the same of qualitative information to track changes of faculty and students” or “to generate rationale as most important at either the on a longitudinal basis. income.” institutional or national level. This diversity Of the 95 countries represented in the of rationales has implications for national survey, 16 are in Africa. Thirty-two African Rationales at the National Level and institutional level policy and funding, institutions participated, representing 6 In terms of ranking national level rationas support needs to be spread across three percent of the total survey respondents. ales, Africa is the only region of the world or four key rationales.

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IIE Networker - Fall 2008

IIE Networker - Fall 2008
Message from Allan E. Goodman
Up Front: The International Education Diary
The International Dimension of Higher Education: Status, Challenges, and Prospects in Africa
Internationalization in Africa In Relation to Other World Regions
Measuring International Student Mobility Trends: In and Out of Africa
IIENetworker University President’s Interview Series A Conversation with President Mohammad H. Qayoumi, California State University, East Bay
Country Profile: Nigeria
Scholars & Research
Africa-U.S. Higher Education Initiative
Joint Degree Programs
Advising Students
Study Abroad
The Browser: Index of Advertisers

IIE Networker - Fall 2008