IIE Networker - Fall 2010 - (Page 18)

FOCUS: THE BOLOGNA PROCESS What’s New in Brussels? Visions for the EU and the European Higher Education Area By Christian Tauch and Wesley Teter Making the most of human capital—a key to competitiveness and prosperity—is more and more the work of globalized universities competing for the best thinkers and the best ideas. —The Wall Street Journal, May 20, 2010 THE EUROPEAN UNION marked a new beginning in 2010. On June 17th, the 27 Member States of the EU agreed on a new agenda to enhance inclusiveness and renew sustainable growth. Higher education development will be a central feature of the new 10-year strategy, which aims to enhance “…the performance and international attractiveness of Europe’s higher education institutions.” How will Europe achieve this goal? What are the implications for the greater European Higher Education Area and the wider world? To begin, the EU aims to launch a new flagship initiative called Youth on the Move. In September 2009, José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission, announced Youth on the Move as an ambitious initiative to ensure that all young people in the EU have access to mobility opportunities by 2020. Since then, it has developed into one of the seven leading initiatives of Europe 2020, the overall EU strategy for the next decade. Youth on the Move will focus on widening learning and mobility opportunities for young people, while tackling high levels of youth unemployment. In particular, it will aim to increase higher education participation rates, and make European higher education more attractive and open to the rest of the world. The goal is to raise the quality of all levels of education and training in the EU and improve employment prospects for young people New Higher Education Targets for Europe Two of the five benchmarks included in the EU’s competitiveness agenda concern higher education and training. Europe’s new vision states that by 2020, the share of Europeans ages 30–34 with tertiary educational attainment should be at least 40 percent, and that early school leavers should 18 not be higher than 10%. A proposal for a benchmark for the mobility of higher education students is expected by November 2010. It is likely to reflect the mobility benchmark agreed upon by the “Bologna countries” in 2009, which is that at least 20 percent of graduates in the European Higher Education Area should have a mobility experience (study or placement) abroad by 2020. Moreover, in May 2010 the Education Council adopted two sets of conclusions that are relevant for higher education, the first focusing on efforts to include learners from less privileged backgrounds in education and training, and the second on a future EU international strategy for higher education. An EU internationalization strategy for higher education would be a historic achievement for the field of international education and training. The plan could result in increased use of global benchmarks to assess university performance and educational outcomes, which in turn may encourage modernization of higher education curricula, governance, and financing. In addition, the European Commission may integrate and enhance the EU’s mobility, university, and research programs (such as Erasmus, Erasmus Mundus, Tempus, and Marie Curie) and link them with national programs and resources. This may serve to increase the funding available to attract international students and researchers and increase job opportunities for young people by favoring mobility across the EU. Focus on European Mobility: Erasmus The Erasmus program is one of the most popular EU programs: over 2.2 million students have taken part since it began in 1987. During the 1990s, Erasmus provided hundreds of thousands of students and tens of thousands of teachers with a concrete experience of what it means to be mobile within Europe, and in the process laid the groundwork for the vision of the European Higher Education Area, the ultimate goal of the Bologna Declaration signed in 1999. Erasmus gives students in higher education the chance to spend 3–12 months in another European country—either to study or for on-the-job training. In 2007, the scope of Erasmus funding widened to offer students the chance to go abroad for work placements in businesses or organizations. Some 30,400 students took this opportunity in 2008/09—up more than 50 percent from the previous year. After stagnation and even declines in mobility figures for many countries over the last year, the latest Erasmus figures, presented on June 21st, showed that more students than ever participated in the EU’s flagship education and training programme last year: nearly 200,000 students received EU funding in 2008/09 to study or undertake traineeships abroad – an increase of 8.7 percent compared with the previous funding period. The Erasmus program contributes to Europe 2020, the EU’s new strategy for growth and jobs, by equipping young people with the transferable skills required in the ever-more-competitive global market that is foreseen for the next decade. The program’s annual budget exceeds 450 million euros and serves more than 4,000 higher education institutions in 33 European countries—with more waiting for the chance to join. Initiatives to Enhance Cooperation and European Competitiveness in the Wider World Erasmus Mundus As of academic year 2009/10, the Erasmus Mundus Masters Course scholarship

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IIE Networker - Fall 2010

IIE Networker - Fall 2010
Message from Allan E. Goodman
IIENetworker University Presidents Interview Series
Ten Years On: Bologna’s Global Dimension and Its Limits at Home
A New Europe: Creating the European Higher Education Area
What’s New in Brussels? Visions for the EU and the European Higher Education Area
Trends in English-Taught Master’s Programs in Europe
Promoting Higher Education in Spain: The Creation of the Universidad.es Foundation
The Joint European/International Doctorate: A Strategic Tool to Enhance Worldwide Institutional Collaboration
More Europeans Seek Undergraduate Degrees in the United States
European Schools in America, American Schools in Europe: Outposts Along the Path to the Global University
Out of the Office and Into the World: A Personal Perspective on the Fulbright International Education Administrators Program
Applying European Approaches to U.S. Higher Education
Advertisers’ Index
IIE Program Profile: IIE in Europe

IIE Networker - Fall 2010