IIE Networker - Fall 2010 - (Page 28)

JOINT DEGREE PROGRAMS The Joint European/International Doctorate: A Strategic Tool to Enhance Worldwide Institutional Collaboration By Annamaria Silvana de Rosa INTERNATIONALIZATION AND THE International Doctorate—two distinct models for international cooperation in doctoral training—are both tools to enhance worldwide institutional collaboration inspired by the Bologna process and its attempts to forge links between the European Research Area (ERA) and the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). Since 1959, the European university system has taken bold steps toward the establishment of a European doctorate, and in 2008 the European University Association (EUA) created of the Council for Doctoral Education (CDE-EUA). Although such degrees have never legally been established under European law, the Directorate General for Education and Culture of the European Commission—with its Erasmus, Socrates, and Life Long Learning (LLP) programs—has encouraged the development of new advanced joint curricula (CDA) and interuniversity cooperation. The guiding principals of these programs aim to create a Europe of knowledge, with a stimulating environment for research, teaching, and innovation. In this article we briefly introduce the distinctive features of the Joint European/ International Doctorate as a jointly established multilateral degree awarded by at least three universities in three different countries on the basis of inter-institutional agreements. These agreements establish the criteria for planning, implementing and monitoring an international network-based doctoral program. The “Musts” for a Joint European/ International Doctorate In their book, Toward a Global PhD? Forces and Forms in Doctoral Education Worldwide, (2008), University of Washington professors Maresi Nerad and Mimi Heggelund explored the consequences of globalization for doctoral education. In their view, joint doctorates belong to the future-oriented model of doctoral education, called Mode 2 (see table 1). We were proud to discover that the researchers considered the model we adopted for the Joint European/International Doctorate on Social Representations and Communication a prototype for a Mode 2 degree. The Joint European/International Doctorate is not merely a traditional doctorate with an added international dimension (e.g., international joint supervision, international mobility). Although they have similar goals, internationalization and international doctorates are two distinct models. A joint doctorate compels institutions to integrate all aspects of the program, making it more than merely an additional certificate. In the widely misused formula for the “European Doctorate” the missing magic word is “joint,” which clearly distinguishes it from those forms of doctoral education that have only embraced some degree of internationalization. These initiatives may include recruiting applicants world-wide, allowing research trainees to spend some time abroad, allowing them to take courses or to write their dissertation in languages other than that of the host Table 1 – Mode 1 and Mode 2 in Doctoral Education Mode 1—Traditional Doctorate Model - Centered on individual students who perform research on a topic mostly of their own choice or on a topic suggested by a single master professor Mode 2—Future Doctorate Model Based on - Cooperative research teams - Multiple mentors - Integration of international graduates and postdoctoral fellows into collaborative projects with other universities - Joint doctoral degrees requiring international mobility, multilanguage skills, and transferable/professional competence Source: M. Nerad and M. Heggelung. (2008). Toward a global PhD. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. country, involving foreign supervisors, creating synergy between doctoral training and international cooperative research teams, promoting inter-national networking, and inviting foreign experts to participate in the final jury, to name a few. Although these plans are essential, no single element or combination of elements is sufficient to qualify a doctorate as European or international. What clearly distinguishes a jointly established European/International Doctorate is that it has a well-defined joint program based on the structured integration of all these elements and more, defined in inter-institutional agreements that include the awarding of a joint degree. Establishing a joint European doctorate requires a long series of “musts,” from building a network to recognizing the joint degree. The “musts” refer to the joint criteria that need to be established by “institutionalized scientific networks”1 for the planning, implementing, and monitoring process for the program’s activities. These include: - Global dissemination of the program’s publicity and recruitment policy; - Selection of candidates; - Structuring the research training program in an international learning and research environment; - Developing language policy; - Supervising students through international physical and virtual mobility; - Evaluation of the entire training process; - The credit accumulation system; - Requirements for the defense of the thesis; - Award of a formally recognized joint diploma; - Determining career prospects in and outside academia; - Managing the network rather than the individual institution; - Clearly dividing tasks among the partners; - Sharing a code of conduct for both supervisors and research trainees; - Developing Intellectual Property Right (IPR) policy; and - Establishing quality control for the program and its infrastructure. 28

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IIE Networker - Fall 2010

IIE Networker - Fall 2010
Message from Allan E. Goodman
IIENetworker University Presidents Interview Series
Ten Years On: Bologna’s Global Dimension and Its Limits at Home
A New Europe: Creating the European Higher Education Area
What’s New in Brussels? Visions for the EU and the European Higher Education Area
Trends in English-Taught Master’s Programs in Europe
Promoting Higher Education in Spain: The Creation of the Universidad.es Foundation
The Joint European/International Doctorate: A Strategic Tool to Enhance Worldwide Institutional Collaboration
More Europeans Seek Undergraduate Degrees in the United States
European Schools in America, American Schools in Europe: Outposts Along the Path to the Global University
Out of the Office and Into the World: A Personal Perspective on the Fulbright International Education Administrators Program
Applying European Approaches to U.S. Higher Education
Advertisers’ Index
IIE Program Profile: IIE in Europe

IIE Networker - Fall 2010