JED - February 2009 - 28

of land-based EW systems, such as the Samyukta. It also has built systems for the Navy’s Sangraha program and the Air Force’s Tarang and Tranquil RWRs, as well as the Tempest jammer. Although BEL is well-established in the domestic EW market, it has taken advantage of the government’s recent policy changes by establishing partnerships with companies such as Northrop Grumman, IAI and Elisra. ECIL was started in 1967 with the aim of producing a wide range of electronic components and systems, such as computers and communications systems. Within its defense sector, the Communications Division manufactures fixed and mobile HF/VHF/UHF COMINT systems, vehicle-mounted VHF/UHF jammers and compact IED jammers. It also is partnered with BEL for the manufacturing phase of the Army’s Samyukta EW system. ECIL’s Telecom Division makes the EC PGSM-16, a GSM monitoring system used by the security forces. Unlike BEL, ECIL has not aggressively pursued EW-based partnerships with private companies. Manufacturers, such as BEL and ECIL, manufacture many of the microwave components they need for their EW and signals-intelligence (SIGINT) systems. However, India also is home to a growing industry of small and medium-sized microwave component manufacturers. The birth of the telecoms market in the 1990s certainly accounts for many of the radio frequency (RF) components manufacturers in India today. During the 1990s, India (as well as Pakistan) was subject to an embargo of US-sourced defense electronics components due to its nuclear weapons program. Shut off from many of the components it needed for EW, radar and communications systems, India’s defense labs and manufacturing companies redesigned systems, sought new components sources abroad and, more importantly, grew their microwave components industry at home. As a result, it largely deflected the impact of the arms embargo and, some would say, came out of the decade stronger and more self-reliant than before. Companies such as Astra Microwave in Hyderabad were launched at this time. Astra designs and manufactures a range of EW components and subsystems, including a 2- to 18-GHz Digital IFM receiver, an 8- to 18-GHz superhet receiver, front-end amplifiers, 0.5- to 18-GHz spiral antennas and a family of COMINT receivers covering the 30-MHz to 1-GHz range. Astra is not merely selling to domestic defense manufacturers. In late 2008, for example, Elta of Israel awarded a US$11.5 million contract to Astra to supply components in support of the multi-mode radar program for the Tejas light combat aircraft. Many foreign EW companies are expected to turn to Astra and other domestic components suppliers to help meet their offset requirements in future EW programs. NEW PLAYERS, NEW PARTNERS In general, India’s government-owned EW organizations have successfully delivered the EW capabilities needed by the armed forces. While DRDO has been criticized for slow delivery or failing to complete some EW programs, this is typically due to changing needs within the Indian Armed Forces. In fairness, this 28 The Journal of Electronic Defense | February 2009 InfowarCon 2009 April 23-24 Gaylord National Harbor Resort and Convention Center, National Harbor, MD InfowarCon 2009 discusses Information Operations, Information Warfare, Cyberwar, Strategic Communication and Public Diplomacy issues learned in Iraq, Afghanistan, China, Lebanon, Gaza and Georgia-Russia to predict the future of IO. InfowarCon 2009 Highlights: Keynote Speakers: LTG Thomas F. Metz, Director, JIEDDO Former Undersecretary of State for Public Diplomacy, James Glassman Session Topics: Chinese Information Warfare Cyberwar – 2008 Russian invasion of Georgia The Future of IO Smith Mundt Act Review Warfighter IO Perspective CNA/CND Live Fire Exercise Innovation beyond the Pillars IO: A foreign perspective Look for registration beginning in late February. For more information and updates visit www.infowarcon.com.

JED - February 2009

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - February 2009

JED - February 2009
Contents
The View From Here
Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
Charting the Course of Indian EW
What's Next in Data Recorders?
Technology Survey: RWR/ESM Systems
EW 101
2009 AOC Industry and Institute/University Member Guide
JED Sales Offices
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - February 2009 - JED - February 2009
JED - February 2009 - Cover2
JED - February 2009 - 3
JED - February 2009 - Contents
JED - February 2009 - 5
JED - February 2009 - The View From Here
JED - February 2009 - 7
JED - February 2009 - Calendar
JED - February 2009 - 9
JED - February 2009 - 10
JED - February 2009 - 11
JED - February 2009 - From the President
JED - February 2009 - 13
JED - February 2009 - 14
JED - February 2009 - The Monitor
JED - February 2009 - 16
JED - February 2009 - 17
JED - February 2009 - 18
JED - February 2009 - 19
JED - February 2009 - 20
JED - February 2009 - 21
JED - February 2009 - Washington Report
JED - February 2009 - 23
JED - February 2009 - World Report
JED - February 2009 - 25
JED - February 2009 - Charting the Course of Indian EW
JED - February 2009 - 27
JED - February 2009 - 28
JED - February 2009 - 29
JED - February 2009 - 30
JED - February 2009 - 31
JED - February 2009 - 32
JED - February 2009 - What's Next in Data Recorders?
JED - February 2009 - 34
JED - February 2009 - 35
JED - February 2009 - 36
JED - February 2009 - 37
JED - February 2009 - 38
JED - February 2009 - Technology Survey: RWR/ESM Systems
JED - February 2009 - 40
JED - February 2009 - 41
JED - February 2009 - 42
JED - February 2009 - 43
JED - February 2009 - 44
JED - February 2009 - 45
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JED - February 2009 - 48
JED - February 2009 - 49
JED - February 2009 - EW 101
JED - February 2009 - 51
JED - February 2009 - 52
JED - February 2009 - 2009 AOC Industry and Institute/University Member Guide
JED - February 2009 - 54
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JED - February 2009 - Index of Advertisers
JED - February 2009 - JED Quick Look
JED - February 2009 - Cover3
JED - February 2009 - Cover4
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