JED - February 2009 - 30

30 The Journal of Electronic Defense | February 2009 is typical of many EW development proW grams across the globe. It also obe. is not surprising in a market with little competition. Government labs, such as DLRL and , DARE, and manufacturing companies, cturing such as BEL and ECIL, historically have IL, dominated India’s EW industry. Over the W past decade, however, the Indian gover, ernment has initiated several reforms ted aimed at opening up India’s defense market (including EW) without undermining the long-standing policy of selfreliance. The goal of these reforms is not to take revenue away from DRDO and DPSUs like BEL. Rather, the objective is to create a vehicle for foreign technology transfer and investment in India. This largely is being accomplished by allowing more private Indian corporations to compete in the growing defense sector. Part of this new policy includes technology transfer and offset requirements between 30 and 50 percent, depending on the program. With as much as $5 billion in offsets expected over the next five years alone, it is no surprise that India’s large and small companies, such as Tata, Larsen & Toubro, Alpha Design Technologies and Shoghi Communications, have entered the EW market. Tata has two divisions that serve the EW market. Tata Power’s Strategic Electronics Division in Bangalore has been in the defense market for many years and is a production partner with BEL on the Army’s Samyukta EW system. Tata Advanced Systems is relatively new to the defense market, but it has staked out EW as one of its core markets. Advanced Systems also has been the main Tata business unit to establish defenseoriented joint ventures with foreign partners, such as EADS, Boeing, Sikorsky, IAI and Raytheon. While Tata has been the most aggressive of the new players, other Indian companies have allied with some of the largest EW companies in Europe, Israel and the United States. Alpha Design Technologies of Bangalore has partnered with Elettronica S.p.A. of Italy to pursue a range of EW programs. Rolta India Ltd. has teamed with French-Anglo defense giant Thales to create Rolta Thales Ltd., which will focus on C4ISTAR op- portunities, including SIGINT. The scope of these partnerships is sometimes broad and sometimes limited to specific programs or opportunities. One such opportunity is the biggest defense program in India’s history. THE RIGHT PROGRAM AT THE RIGHT TIME Indian defense procurement policy continues to evolve, and so far the changes seem to be working. While the Indian defense market has captured the general attention of the global defense industry, the country’s high-profile fighter program has brought many unprecedented investment and technology transfer opportunities to its industry. The Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) program calls for the procurement of 126 aircraft to replace the Indian Air Force’s aging MiG-21/23/27 aircraft. Delays in programs such as the Tejas light combat aircraft could mean additional orders beyond the 126 aircraft. The MMRCA program is worth more than Rs 42,000 crore (US$10 billion), with another $5.5 billion on the table if India decides to exercise options for 74 additional aircraft. India clearly understands the program’s value to foreign defense suppliers, as well as its domestic industry. It has shaped the terms of the program accordingly, with a 50 percent offset requirement. At present, six aircraft are in contention. Saab and BAE Systems are bidding the JAS 39IN Gripen, Dassault is bidding its Rafale and Mikoyan is offering the MiG-35, which made its first international appearance at Aero India in 2007. The Eurofighter Consortium is offering its Typhoon, while Lockheed Martin is bidding its F-16IN (similar to the Block 60) and Boeing is competing with its F18IN (similar to its F-18E/F). Much has been said about the proposal and transfer of Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar technology in the MMRCA program. What is equally valuable to India is the valua EW t technology in these aircraft. The winning bid almost certainly will feature a digita RWR, as well as digital state-of-the-art RF countermeasures technology, possibly including towed decoys. Saab Avitron Avitronics is supplying an updated version of th EWS39 system for the the Gripen bid. Thales and MBDA are ofThale fering the Spectra EW suite for the RaE fale. fale Mikoyan could use EW as one of its major offsets and ask DARE and BEL to build the RWR for its MiG-35 bid, which also features a new Optical Locator System (OLS). The Typhoon bid is expected to feature the Praetorian Defensive Aids Subsystem (DASS) from the Selex/ Elettronica/Indra/EADS team that developed it. The F-18IN bid includes the aircraft’s Integrated Defensive Electronic Countermeasures (IDECM) suite from Raytheon and ITT Electronic Systems. Finally, the F-16IN bid is believed to include an EW suite developed by Northrop Grumman. EW is not likely to be the deciding factor in the MMRCA program, but it will be important, as India wants state-of-theart EW capabilities and technology transfer. India has taken a patient approach to the program (the initial RFI was released in 2001 and the RFP did not follow until 2007). It is expected to stretch out for several more years, which should enable bidders to negotiate offsets with Indian companies. With the EW portion of the program estimated at nearly $500 million, it is a very attractive opportunity that also is well-timed to match evolving defense production policy. A LONG JOURNEY India has built a successful EW industry that has met the country’s strategy of self-reliance while delivering EW capabilities that have matched the threat systems of Pakistan and China. In recent years, the government has found ways to present itself as an attractive market for foreign EW companies without losing sight of its overarching industrial goals. As India strives to develop its influence in the region and in the world, foreign defense suppliers are certain to play a part in its growth. a

JED - February 2009

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - February 2009

JED - February 2009
Contents
The View From Here
Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
Charting the Course of Indian EW
What's Next in Data Recorders?
Technology Survey: RWR/ESM Systems
EW 101
2009 AOC Industry and Institute/University Member Guide
JED Sales Offices
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - February 2009 - JED - February 2009
JED - February 2009 - Cover2
JED - February 2009 - 3
JED - February 2009 - Contents
JED - February 2009 - 5
JED - February 2009 - The View From Here
JED - February 2009 - 7
JED - February 2009 - Calendar
JED - February 2009 - 9
JED - February 2009 - 10
JED - February 2009 - 11
JED - February 2009 - From the President
JED - February 2009 - 13
JED - February 2009 - 14
JED - February 2009 - The Monitor
JED - February 2009 - 16
JED - February 2009 - 17
JED - February 2009 - 18
JED - February 2009 - 19
JED - February 2009 - 20
JED - February 2009 - 21
JED - February 2009 - Washington Report
JED - February 2009 - 23
JED - February 2009 - World Report
JED - February 2009 - 25
JED - February 2009 - Charting the Course of Indian EW
JED - February 2009 - 27
JED - February 2009 - 28
JED - February 2009 - 29
JED - February 2009 - 30
JED - February 2009 - 31
JED - February 2009 - 32
JED - February 2009 - What's Next in Data Recorders?
JED - February 2009 - 34
JED - February 2009 - 35
JED - February 2009 - 36
JED - February 2009 - 37
JED - February 2009 - 38
JED - February 2009 - Technology Survey: RWR/ESM Systems
JED - February 2009 - 40
JED - February 2009 - 41
JED - February 2009 - 42
JED - February 2009 - 43
JED - February 2009 - 44
JED - February 2009 - 45
JED - February 2009 - 46
JED - February 2009 - 47
JED - February 2009 - 48
JED - February 2009 - 49
JED - February 2009 - EW 101
JED - February 2009 - 51
JED - February 2009 - 52
JED - February 2009 - 2009 AOC Industry and Institute/University Member Guide
JED - February 2009 - 54
JED - February 2009 - 55
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JED - February 2009 - Index of Advertisers
JED - February 2009 - JED Quick Look
JED - February 2009 - Cover3
JED - February 2009 - Cover4
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