JED - March 2009 - (Page 26)

washington report ARMY ESTABLISHES EW OFFICER CAREER FIELD The US Army approved establishing a new electronic warfare (EW) 29-series career field for officers, warrant officers and enlisted personnel February 6. The new career field eventually will give the Army the largest EW manpower force of all the services. Nearly 1,600 EW personnel, serving at every level of command, will be added to the Army over the next three years. The Army also is considering adding an additional 2,300 personnel to the career field in the near future as personnel become available, officials said. Approval for the career field was based on an extensive study conducted by the Combined Arms Center at Fort Leavenworth, KS. The study concluded that Army EW expertise is not only necessary for counterinsurgency efforts such as Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom, but against the full range of potential adversaries and should therefore be institutionalized as an enduring core competency. Col Laurie Buckhout, chief of the Army’s EW division, said the service’s EW personnel will be experts not only in fighting the threat of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), but also will provide commanders and their staffs with guidance on how the electromagnetic spectrum can impact operations, and how friendly EW can be used to gain an advantage in support of tactical and operational objectives across the full spectrum of operations. She noted, “The Army is leaning forward now to address the very complex challenge of controlling the electromagnetic environment in land warfare. The creation of a large cadre of full-time EW specialists is a critical step in the right direction.” Gen Peter W. Chiarelli, the Army’s vice chief of staff, said, “One of the enduring features of any future battlefield will be determined [by] resourceful enemies attempting to undermine our will by leveraging the electronic spectrum. Building an EW structure within the Army will greatly enhance our ability to proactively counter these threats. A commitment to EW allows us to tightly integrate non-kinetic and kinetic capabilities across the Army and as part of joint operations.” The Army is conducting a series of pilot EW officer qualification courses at Fort Sill, OK. Warrant officer and enlisted pilot courses are expected to begin this spring. Its career management field identifiers will be Functional Area 29 for officers, Military Occupational Specialty 290A for warrant officers and Military Occupational Specialty 29E for enlisted personnel. The US Army’s Computer Network Operations and Electronic Warfare Proponent (USACEWP) at the Combined Arms Center (CAC), Fort Leavenworth, KS, is responsible for providing EW doctrinal guidance and structure. It was set to release Field Manual 3-36, Electronic Warfare in Operations, in late February. Lt Col John Bircher, USACEWP’s Deputy Director for Futures, said FM 3-36 is the Army’s first keystone EW document of its kind, noting that previous EW doctrine was localized to divisions and corps and above or was technically-oriented. The new doctrine is the first effort to build an overarching concept of EW operations that is nested in overall operational Army doctrine as described in FM 3-0, Operations. In 2007, the Army authorized the merging of the CAC’s Computer Network Operations (CNO) function with the EW function and formed what is now the USACEWP. The joining of the two disciplines grew from the Army’s increasing need to understand, operate in and manipulate cyberspace. “In the operational environment, the lines between CNO and EW are blurred,” Bircher said. “We can use EW to disable our enemies’ cellular phone device or we can use CNO to deny the device’s access to its network. Do we use CNO or EW to deny our adversary, and does it matter to the tactical commander? In our conceptual research, we found that it didn’t matter. What’s important is controlling the data, the bandwidth and the electromagnetic spectrum.” USACEWP will continue to lead the Army’s CNO and EW doctrine and development but was recently renamed Training & Doctrine Command’s Capabilities Manager for CNO and EW as part of an internal refinement of the Combined Arms Center-Capability Development Integration Directorate (CAC-CDID) at Fort Leavenworth to which it belongs. This refinement will distribute CNO and EW expertise, previously restricted just to the USACEWP, throughout the entire CAC-CDID organization, thus making the overall development process more efficient, Bircher said. – G. Goodman a 26 The Journal of Electronic Defense | March 2009

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - March 2009

JED - March 2009
The View From Here
From the President
The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
EW Across the Nordic Region
Case Study: EW Sustainment
New Products
EW 101
AOC News
JED Sales Offices
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look

JED - March 2009