Stone, Sand and Gravel Review - July/August 2011 - (Page 34)

OSHA• NIOSH INFOSHEET Protecting Workers from Heat Illness At times, workers may be required to work in hot environments for long periods. When the human body is unable to maintain a normal temperature, heat-related illnesses can occur and may result in death.This fact sheet provides information to employers on measures they should take to prevent heat-related illnesses and death. Factors That Increase Risk to Workers • High temperature and humidity • Direct sun exposure (with no shade) • Indoor exposure to other sources of radiant heat (ovens, furnaces) • Limited air movement (no breeze) • Low fluid consumption • Physical exertion • Heavy personal protective clothing and equipment • Poor physical condition or health problems • Some medications, for example, different kinds of blood pressure pills or antihistamines • Pregnancy • Lack of recent exposure to hot working conditions • Previous heat-related illness • Advanced age (65+) • Make sure that someone stays with the worker until help arrives. • Move the worker to a shaded, cool area and remove outer clothing. • Wet the worker with cool water and circulate the air to speed cooling. • Place cold wet cloths or ice all over the body or soak the worker’s clothing with cold water. Heat Exhaustion is the next most serious heatrelated health problem. Symptoms of heat exhaustion: • Headache • Nausea • Dizziness • Weakness • Irritability • Thirst • Heavy sweating • Elevated body temperature • Decreased urine output If a worker shows signs of possible heat exhaustion: • Workers with signs or symptoms of heat exhaustion should be taken to a clinic or emergency room for medical evaluation and treatment. • If medical care is not available, call 911 immediately. • Make sure that someone stays with the worker until help arrives. • Workers should be removed from the hot area and given liquids to drink. • Remove unnecessary clothing including shoes and socks. • Cool the worker with cold compresses to the head, neck, and face or have the worker wash his or her head, face and neck with cold water. Health Problems Caused by Hot Environments Heat Stroke is the most serious heat-related health problem. Heat stroke occurs when the body’s temperature regulating system fails and body temperature rises to critical levels. Heat stroke is a medical emergency that may rapidly result in death! Symptoms of heat stroke include: • Confusion • Loss of consciousness • Seizures • Very high body temperature • Hot, dry skin or profuse sweating If a worker shows signs of possible heat stroke: • Heat stroke is a life-threatening emergency! While first aid measures are being implemented, call 911 and get emergency medical help. 34 STONE, SAND & GRAVEL REVIEW, July/August 2011

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Stone, Sand and Gravel Review - July/August 2011

Stone, Sand and Gravel Review - July/August 2011
Events Calendar
Table of Contents
Legislative Calendar
Community Relations Is Key to Unlocking the Answers to a Successful Operation
In Pursuit of Social Responsibility
Preparing Industry’s Future Leaders at the Young Leaders’ Annual Meeting
NSSGA Is Growing Forward With Its New Grassroots Campaign
Don’t Expect Snow in Charlotte
Investing in Safety Generates Positive Roi
Rip & Share – Stay Safe During the Summer
Rip & Share Safety Handout
Products & Services Guide Listings
Index to Advertisers

Stone, Sand and Gravel Review - July/August 2011