Stone, Sand and Gravel Review - November/December 2010 - (Page 21)

Safety Risk Management and Techniques Are Being Applied Michael G. Nelson Associate Professor and Chair Mining Engineering Department, University of Utah Worldwide I Safety Culture n 1984, during my first visit to an underground coal mine, I was faced with a dilemma. Another engineer and I were with the superintendent, looking at some of the problem areas in the mine. As we came onto the main haulageway, our path was blocked by a long string of coal cars. We couldn’t see either end. The superintendent quickly put one foot on the coupling between two cars and hopped over the train to the other side. I objected. The safety movie I had just watched had warned never to cross a standing line of cars unless you could see the locomotive at one end and make sure it wasn’t about to move. The superintendent was dismissive. “You can’t always follow all the rules,” he said. “You can walk down and around if you want, but by then I’ll be gone with the jeep and you’ll have to walk all the way out of the mine.” I hopped over the train as I’d seen him do; luckily, it didn’t move and I lived to go underground another day. I’ve thought about this incident often as I’ve studied mining companies, big and small, and how they define their safety cultures. One of the most successful approaches I’ve observed envisions progress in safety management as a journey. A typical example “Hearts and Minds Model,” summarized in Figure 1, is used by Shell Oil Company. Clearly, the mine superintendent who jumped over the string of cars was operating at the lowest level. Unfortunately, that was the case with much of the coal mining industry at that time. Since then, there has been tremendous progress. However, we still have fatalities, and even multi-fatality disasters, and we must as an industry progress to a higher level of safety responsibility and performance. Safety Risk Management Principles Risk management is an important part of the safety culture in a proactive or generative organization, as described briefly in Figure 1. E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (DuPont) has applied the principles of risk management in its operations since 1911, or earlier. Figure 1. Progress in Organizational Behavior (modified from Shell Oil Co.) Lost Workday Incidents All industry Chemical industry DuPont Times safer than all industry Times safer than chemical industry 0.42 0.01 0.0094 45 11 All Recordable Incidents 1.82 0.70 0.1218 15 6 > Table 1. Incidence Rates per Million Worker Hours (1993 Data) Stone, Sand & Gravel Review, November/December 2010 21

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Stone, Sand and Gravel Review - November/December 2010

Stone, Sand and Gravel Review - November/December 2010
Events Calendar
Legislative & Regulatory Calendar
Industry Safety Improvements Gained Through Alliances, Safety Culture
Notes from the Chair of the Health & Safety Committee
Safety Risk Management and Techniques Are Being Applied Worldwide
Achieving Wellness in the Workplace: An Occupational Health Program Is an Important Part of Any Company’s Health and Safety Practices
Once Again, The Future is Now
It’s Not Too Early to Consider Exhibiting Everything Aggregates Under One Roof
Don’t Gamble on the Future
The 2010/2011 SME/NSSGA Student Design Competition is Under Way
Rip ‘N Share Safety Handout
Products & Services Guide Listings
Buyers’ Guide

Stone, Sand and Gravel Review - November/December 2010