PRSM 2012 Best Practices - (Page 45)

MANAgiNg riSk ThrOugh SLiP rESiSTANCE TESTiNg AUTHOR kevin brown, commercial services Manager COMPANY ktA-tator inc. chAllenge: Each year, millions of people visit emergency rooms for treatment of injuries resulting from accidental falls on the same level, making it one of the leading causes of emergency room visits in America. Research shows that 8.9 million hospital emergency room visits are due to slip and fall incidents. Slips and falls are the No. 1 cause of injury in public buildings, which makes mitigating the hazards a major challenge and opportunity for facility managers. The average slip and fall injury costs owners around $28,000 per occurrence. Not only can slips and falls result in injury, such incidents are a major cause of death--numbering in the thousands. These staggering facts make walkway safety one of a building owner or manager’s top priorities. best PrActice: The goal of walkway safety--including sidewalks, aisle ways, plazas, patios, etc., and sometimes referred to as ‘flatwork’--is to reduce the probability of failure of the traction system to an acceptable level. This can be achieved through evaluating, modifying and monitoring significant factors that cause slips and falls. Four major factors are associated with slips and falls on the same level (i.e. flatwork), several of which are within the control of the building facility owner, operator and manager (herein called “manager”). The four major factors of slips and falls on the same level are floor surface characteristics, footwear properties, environmental factors or contaminants on the floor surface, and human factors. Reducing just one of these factors will reduce the probability of a slip and fall event from occurring in a facility. Floor surface characteristics are something that are well within a manager’s control. Making sure the walkway surface meets or exceeds generally accepted slip resistance standards is important. Generally accepted standards such as ANSI 1264.2, OSHA and UL suggest a 0.5 to 0.6 coefficient of friction (COF) for dry level conditions. Some flooring material or systems will not meet these standards. Before installing a floor covering or conducting a process such as floor polishing, it’s important to make sure the material or process will meet these standards. Since most slips and falls occur when someone is in motion, it’s critical that flooring materials are tested to measure dynamic COF versus static COF. Managers should ask for dynamic COF test results from the manufacturer of any new flooring material, system or process. Managers should also consider having an independent laboratory certified in slip testing provide independent dynamic COF test results to verify the new flooring material, system or process meets the owner’s expectations prior to installation. Footwear properties are sometimes within the manager’s control, especially when it is possible to influence the type of shoes that are worn in facilities. For example, if managers anticipate that employees will be exposed to slippery conditions, the type of footwear that should be worn can be specified. Standards exist to help managers in selecting the best type of footwear such as ASTM F695 Standard Practice for Ranking of Test Data Obtained for Measurement of Slip Resistance of Footwear Sole, Heel, and Related Materials. Environmental factors and containments are well within the manager’s control and can reduce the potential for slips and falls greatly. Managers should ensure that dirt, grease, water or other contaminates are removed from the floor in a timely manner and should have procedures in place that address clean-up of these contaminates. The application of dressings, waxes or finishes should be controlled to prevent build-up or over application that decreases slip resistance. Surface wear should also be monitored on a regular basis. The slip resistance characteristics of flooring materials will change as the surface wears and often becomes more slippery. Inadequate 2012 Best Practices | 45

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of PRSM 2012 Best Practices

Conducting Multi-Site Paving Improvements to Ensure Continuity
Conducting Multi-Site Paving Improvements to Ensure Continuity
Exterior Rebranding
Exterior Rebranding
Getting the Most Value Out of Roof Management
Getting the Most Value Out of Roof Management
Pervious Concrete Pavement Solves Drainage Challenge
Pervious Concrete Pavement Solves Drainage Challenge
Pervious Pavement: Concrete Solutions to Driveway Stormwater Drainage and Sustainability Problems
Pervious Pavement: Concrete Solutions to Driveway Stormwater Drainage and Sustainability Problems
Applying Bipolar Ionization to Improve Indoor Air Quality and Save Energy
Determining Responsibility for Ceiling Leaks
HVAC Maintenance and Repairs Quote Review
Managing HVAC Energy Usage Without Installing an Energy Management System
Solving HVAC Issues on Landlord Operated Systems
Creating a Standardized Cleaning Chemical Program
Floor Replacement Planning and Execution
Improving Pest Control Monitoring to Maintain Store Cleanliness
Streamlining Store Cleaning Through Internal Benchmarking
LED Conversion Bolsters Ambiance, Bottom Line and Environment.
LED Gas Canopy Lighting Upgrade
Lighting Maintenance
Retrofitting Signage with LED Technology
Performing Basic Troubleshooting to Save Money
Implementing Repair Audits to Ensure Customer Safety
Improving Quality, Cost and Schedule Through Safety Education
Managing Extended Power Outages Through Emergency Response
Managing Risk Through Slip Resistance Testing
Creating Energy Teams to Pursue Opportunities
Formulating Green Solutions
Making Data Centers LEED Compliant
Outfitting Facilities with an Eye on ENERGY STAR Certification
Recycling Cooling Water From Air Conditioning Systems for Toilet and Landscaping Use
Sustainability-How the Facilities Team Can Contribute
Driving Down Waste Expense
Reducing Trash and Recycling Expense for Retail Locations
Transferring Compactor Maintenance to a Service Vendor
Waste Service Efficiency and Compliance
Waste Evaluation and Right Sizing to Reduce Cost
Asset and Service Warranty Tracking and Management: More Fully Realizing the Value of Budget Expenditures
Conducting an Organized Meeting
Proactive Maintenance Scheduling and Delivery
Repair Reductions by Participating in Design and Construction Table
Streamlining the Store Closing Process
Achieving Process Improvement Through Onsite Assessment of KPIs
Forecasting a Maintenance and Repair Budget
How to Calculate Return on Investment
Tracking Finances for Facilities
Centralizing Vendor Training and Management
Creating a Service Vendor Call Center to Save End Users’ Money
Answering a Call Status Challenge with an IVR Solution
Communicating Product Recalls Using a CMMS-Inspired Module
Doing More with Less and Saving Money in the Process
Ensuring the Accuracy of Web-Based Maintenance Requests
Establishing an End to End Procure-to-Pay Process
Leveraging Existing Technologies to Provide Updated Process Improvements
Quality Management of Bundled Periodic Services
Reduced Dashboard Time at Supply Houses
Parking Lot Management
Creating Best-In-Class Snow and Ice Management White Paper
Energy Savings/HVAC Air Filter Bypass
Managing a Retail Lighting Retrofit Project – Bright Ways to Improve Your Lighting and Your Bottom Line!
Managing Energy Usage with Interval Meter Calibration
Navigating the Department of Energy’s Higher Efficiency Regulations
Supplier Insights into Competitive Sourcing White Paper
Testing HVAC System Options to Reduce Costs and Labor
Understanding Retail Facilities Sourcing White Paper
Glossary of Acronyms and Terms

PRSM 2012 Best Practices