The Grammar Book - Third Edition - 9

put it on the table.
Put it on the table.

Later, also using pictures, he introduces more metaphorical extensions:
on 5 about or concerning: An article on holidays in France

●●●●

the burden metaphor: The engine died on us.

●●●●

the basis metaphor: The argument is based on copious data.

●●●●

the vehicle metaphor: It's hard to get through the day on one sandwich.

●●●●

Finally, along the way, Lindstromberg contrasts prepositions with overlapping meanings,
such as on top of versus on. As Lindstromberg himself notes, the use of schemata to represent
prepositional meaning long predates prototype theory. However, what may be innovative is to
use a schemata series to show how the prototype meaning holds throughout its metaphorical
extensions.
6. Meaning. Another widely used technique for giving students practice in using prepositions
to express spatial relationships is to ask students to draw pictures or manipulate bits of
paper to create designs. Give each student five pieces of paper in the shapes of a triangle,
square, circle, star, and rectangle. Then ask students to pair up. Ask Student A to arrange
the shapes in any pattern he or she likes. Student B does not watch.Then Student B has
to try to construct the same pattern that Student A has created following A' s directions.
The students are seated back to back. When the five pieces of paper have been placed, the
students should compare A' s original to B's copy. Then it is B's turn to create and describe
a new pattern for A.

434

The Grammar Book
9



The Grammar Book - Third Edition

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Grammar Book - Third Edition

Contents of The Grammar Book
The Grammar Book - Third Edition - Cover1
The Grammar Book - Third Edition - Cover2
The Grammar Book - Third Edition - 1
The Grammar Book - Third Edition - Contents of The Grammar Book
The Grammar Book - Third Edition - 3
The Grammar Book - Third Edition - 4
The Grammar Book - Third Edition - 5
The Grammar Book - Third Edition - 6
The Grammar Book - Third Edition - 7
The Grammar Book - Third Edition - 8
The Grammar Book - Third Edition - 9
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The Grammar Book - Third Edition - 11
The Grammar Book - Third Edition - 12
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The Grammar Book - Third Edition - Cover4
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