National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 474

sec tion

1

geogr aphy

1.3 Living

with Monsoons

Main Idea Seasonal monsoons provide
water for crops and bring fresh soil to farmland.

Monsoons are seasonal winds that bring
intense rainfall during part of the year.
These powerful wind patterns are an
important feature of South Asia's climate.

Summer: Wet Monsoons
From May to early October, winds blow
northward from the Indian Ocean and
bring heavy rain. Certain areas receive
100 inches of rain per year. During very
wet years, these areas might receive over
300 inches.
The summer monsoon rains irrigate
crops and fill reservoirs. The rains can
also cause deadly floods and landslides.
Despite these annual downpours, people
forge ahead with their daily activities.
They adapt by finding ways to
save crops and navigate
flooded streets.

474 CHAPTER 17

m y N G c o n n e c t . c o m For online
monsoon maps and photos of monsoons
Maps and
Digital
Maps and Graphs
Digital Library
Graphs
Library

Winter: Dry Monsoons
From November to April, the winter
monsoons reverse direction and blow
southward. The air from this direction
is usually dry. The dry monsoons do
not produce as much rain as the wet
monsoons do.
In fact, a very dry monsoon season can
destroy crops, which threatens farmers'
livelihoods and the economic well-being
of the region. Because of this, people must
carefully manage water they stored during
the wet monsoons. They use this water to
drink and to irrigate their crops. By the
following June, after months of hot, dry
weather, the heavy rain is welcome.

Before You Move On
Make inferences How do seasonal monsoons
affect the region's economic development?


http://www.myngconnect.com

National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version

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