National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 475

summer monsoon

Winter monsoon

Average Summer Precipitation

A

NE

New
Delhi

PA

E

Chennai

S

Colombo
Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte
SRI LANKA
MALDIVES

INDIAN

OCEAN
Equator

I

20°N

Mumbai
Arabian

S

T

N

A

Ba y o f
Bengal

Se a

Rainfall in inches

May through October

Over 40
20-40
10-20
5-10
Under 5
Wet monsoon
winds

N
10°N

A
Y
Thimphu

BHUTAN

W

E

I A

N D
G

H

A

T

OCEAN
Equator

Ba y o f
Bengal

Chennai

S

INDIAN

Dhaka

Kolkata

Rainfall in inches

November through April

Colombo
Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte
SRI LANKA
MALDIVES
0°

L

A

BANGLADESH

S
AT
GH

W

S
AT
GH

N

G

H

PA

L

Kathmandu

RN
WESTE

Se a

RN
WESTE

Mumbai
Arabian

New
Delhi

Tropic of Ca
ncer

I A

N D

EASTER

I

20°N

A

NE

Karachi

Dhaka

250 500 Kilometers

M

PA K I S TA N

BHUTAN

Kolkata

0

500 Miles

I

30°N

BANGLADESH

Tropic of Ca
ncer

0°

L

L

Kathmandu

Karachi

10°N

Islamabad

A
Y
A
Thimphu

250

0

250 500 Kilometers

M

PA K I S TA N

500 Miles

I

30°N

90°E

H

0

H

Islamabad

80°E

S

250

0

70°E

60°E

90°E

N

80°E

EASTER

70°E

60°E

Average Winter Precipitation

20-40
10-20
5-10
Under 5
Dry monsoon
winds

Wet Monsoons The wet monsoon winds pick up
Dry Monsoons The dry monsoons begin in the
moisture from the Indian Ocean as they flow northwest.
northeast and pick up moisture from the land as they
This moisture turns into heavy rain when it crashes
move southwest. This is
, the process of
into the mountains of the Indian subcontinent. The rain
a liquid becoming a gas. If the wet monsoons do not
NGWG_SE_U09_C17_S1.3_M006and swells the rivers. This provides NGWG_SE_U09_C17_S1.3_M007
saturates the land
produce enough rainfall, the dry monsoons can lead to
HB38 1.3.2 Average Winter Precipitation
HB38 1.3.1 Average Summer Precipitation
nourishment for crops, animals, and people alike.
a
, or prolonged period without rain.

Second Proof
11/09/10

Third Proof
11/09/10

ongoing assessment

M ap L ab
Critical Viewing These children
don't seem bothered by their flooded
schoolyard. What does this photo
suggest about the children's life during
monsoon season?

GeoJournal
GeoJournal

1. Location Locate Kolkata on the summer
monsoon map. Why do you think Kolkata
receives so much rain in the summer?
2. Compare Find Kolkata on the winter monsoon
map. Does the city receive more or less rainfall
in the winter? Why is there a difference in
rainfall from summer to winter?
3. Human-environment interaction What
might life be like for the people in Kolkata in
summer? In winter?

SEC TION 1. 3 475



National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version

Contents
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - Cover1
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - Cover2
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - i
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - ii
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - iii
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - iv
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - Contents
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - A2
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - A3
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - A4
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - A5
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - A30
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - A31
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 466
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 467
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 468
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 469
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 470
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 471
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 472
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 473
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 474
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 475
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 476
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 477
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 478
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 479
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 480
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 481
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 482
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 483
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 484
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 485
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 486
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 487
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National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 490
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National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 492
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National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 497
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National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 518
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National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 521
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 522
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - Cover3
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - Cover4
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