National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 512

sec tion

3

G oV e R n M e n t & e co n oM i c s

3.2 Pakistan's Changing Government
Main Idea Pakistan's government
has alternated between democracy and
military dictatorships.

Pakistan was created in 1947 as an
Islamic country. Since then, it has
alternated between civilian governments
and military dictatorships , in which the
army runs the government and denies, or
refuses to recognize, citizens' rights. The
changes in Pakistan's government have
limited social and economic progress in
the country.

A Lack of National Unity
One cause of Pakistan's changes in
government has been a lack of unity. The
country is divided into four provinces:
Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, and the NorthWest Frontier Province. Each province has
its own tribal groups and languages. No
leader has been able to pull the provinces
together to form a unified nation.
The lack of unity was a problem from
the start. In 1947, the country had two
parts. West Pakistan was west of India.
East Pakistan was east of India, more than
1,000 miles away from West Pakistan.

Critical Viewing These women are getting
ready to vote at a polling center in Pakistan. What
can you infer about their attitude toward voting?
512 CHAPTER 18

m y N G c o n n e c t . c o m For an online
political map and current events in Pakistan
Maps and
Connect
Maps and Graphs NG
Connect to Nat Geo
Graphs
to

Most leaders came from West Pakistan,
which troubled the people of East
Pakistan. In 1971, East Pakistan declared
independence and became Bangladesh.

Military Dictatorships
Another cause of Pakistan's changes
in government has been inconsistent
leadership. Mohammed Ali Jinnah, who
led the founding of Pakistan, believed in
democracy. When he died in 1948, the
country lacked a strong leader. Pakistanis
grew angry about slow economic
development, and unrest between different
groups of Pakistanis increased. In 1958,
the military took over the government and
established a military dictatorship.
After a civil war in 1971, Zulfikar
Bhutto was elected to lead Pakistan. He
promised to take steps to end poverty.
However, in 1977, the military took
control of Pakistan again, and Bhutto
was executed in 1979.


http://www.myNGconnect.com

National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version

Contents
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - Cover1
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - Cover2
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - i
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - ii
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - iii
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - iv
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - Contents
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - A2
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - A3
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - A4
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - A5
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - A30
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - A31
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 466
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 467
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 468
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 469
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 470
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 471
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 472
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 473
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 474
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 475
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 476
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 477
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 478
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 479
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 480
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 481
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 482
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 483
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 484
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 485
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 486
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 487
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 488
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 489
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 490
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 491
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 492
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 493
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 494
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 495
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 496
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 497
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 498
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 499
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 500
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 501
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 502
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 503
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 504
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 505
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 506
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 507
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 508
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 509
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 510
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 511
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 512
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 513
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 514
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 515
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 516
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 517
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 518
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 519
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 520
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 521
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - 522
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - Cover3
National Geographic World Cultures and Geography, Student Version - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/americangovernment_institutionspoliciessampler
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/americanpageant_sampler
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/voyagesinworldhistory
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/westerncivilization
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/ushistory_americanstories
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/globalissues_waterresources_overview
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/worldcultures_geo_student
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/culturasdelmundo_geografia
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/globalissues_waterresources
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/worldcultures_geo_overview
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/gatewaytosocialstudies_overview
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/challengeofdemocracy
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/earthanditspeople
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/westernciv_ninthedition
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/voyagesinworldhistory2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/americangovernment
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/amgovt_inst_policies
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/exploreantarctica
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com