IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 16A

Metamorphosis 20/20
How Design has Changed
the World, How the World
has Changed Design
PERSPECTIVE LOOKS BACK AT THE MAJOR EVENTS
AND INFLUENCES OF THE TWO DECADES SINCE IIDA WAS FOUNDED,
THROUGH THE LENS OF A SINGLE DESIGN ELEMENT: THE CHAIR.

1994

The Aeron Chair is released. Based
on principles of ergonomics, the chair
is made of semi-transparent, flexible
mesh, a sharp departure from the more
traditional upholstered design. The
chair would become a status symbol
in the quickly rising Silicon Valley.
IIDA is founded as the result of a
merger of the Institute of Business
Designers (IBD), the International
Society of Interior Designers (ISID),
and the Council of Federal Interior
Designers (CFID), creating an international association with a united
mission to represent Interior
Designers worldwide.
Time Magazine runs a cover story
on "The Strange New World of the
Internet," describing it as "the world's
largest computer network and the
nearest thing to a working prototype
of the information superhighway."
It's estimated that 2 million computers
are connected to the Internet.

1995

IIDA presents the fi rst Star Award to
Douglas Parker of Steelcase to recognize
and celebrate the contributions of
an individual or organization that
has significantly impacted the Interior
Design profession.

The Global Positioning System (GPS)
becomes fully operational. The Boeing
777, the fi rst airplane to be completely
designed on a computer, is delivered
to United Airlines.

1996

The Knotted Chair, made of macramé
knotted carbon, is the result of Dutch
design group Droog's collaboration with
aviation experts investigating new
techniques for fabrication and materials
at Delft Technical University.

The Maui chair is the fi rst of a new
era of single mold seats with no ribbing,
metal supports or reinforcements.
In 2012 a fabric-covered version of the
chair becomes available, with and
without casters and arms, making it
more adaptable for a home environment.
IIDA partners with the U.S. Army Corps
of Engineers to promote mutual
interests in Interior Design and space
planning to support the Nation.
Dolly the sheep, the world's most
famous clone, is born.

1997

The Butterfly Chair goes back into
production by Circa50, the fi rst time
the chairs are made since Knoll stopped
producing them in 1951. Originally
designed by Argentinian architect
Jorge Ferrari-Hardoy in 1938, the chair's
resurgence is indicative of a growing
nostalgia and market demand for
modernist forms.

IIDA launches its fi rst official website,
reaches 10,000 members and holds
the fi rst Industry Roundtable, an annual
gathering that becomes an invaluable
"brain trust" session for designers
and manufacturers to engage in
a meaningful dialogue.
Madeline Albright becomes the fi rst
female secretary of state, and the United
Kingdom transfers sovereignty of Hong
Kong over to China. A book called
"Harry Potter and the Philosopher's
Stone" is published in the UK.

1998

IIDA, with Haworth and Interiors
Magazine, sponsor the fi rst Laptop CEU,
and IIDA holds its fi rst international
event, the Residential Forum Meeting
in Guadalajara, Mexico.

Larry Page and Sergei Brin found
Google in a garage in Menlo Park, CA,
and the Hubble Space Telescope captures
the fi rst image of a planet outside
the solar system.

1999

The Fog Chair is produced by Frank Gehry
for Knoll. The chair recalls Gehry's
landmark design for the Guggenheim
Bilbao in form and material.

The Tom Vac is originally designed
as part of a sculpture at the Milan
Furniture Fair. The chair, noted for its
versatility, is available in both indoor
and outdoor versions and is a success
both commercially and with collectors.
The Air Chair, which uses a pioneering
system of gas assisted injection molding,
is released. The chair's production
methods make it relatively affordable.
IIDA holds the fi rst Summit on Interior
Design Research at the Salk Institute,
an event that lays the groundwork for
Interior Design to be known as a
knowledge-centered profession built on
relevant research and academic studies.
The euro is established.

2000

IIDA releases the DesignMatters
newsletter, a digital re-brand of the
original Action Fax newsletter due
to the reduced use of fax machines
in favor of email platforms.

The fi rst cell phone with an integrated
camera and MP3 player is developed.
The Tate Modern opens in London.

2009

The 360 Chair is somewhere between
a chair and a stool. The chair has no back
and swivels around, allowing one to
sit in any direction. It's designed to
enable constantly changing positions
and posture.

2001

IIDA debuts the Knowledge Center,
a database of continuing education,
and Leaders Breakfast goes national.

The Setu Chair has only one adjustable
factor: height. Designed to be simple
and flexible, the chair reflects the
growing nature of the mobile workforce,
and trends like remote-working and
hoteling, which has moved people away
from a dedicated desk and into a "work
wherever you are" mode.

Apple introduces its fi rst portable music
player, the iPod, and an open source
encyclopedic website called Wikipedia,
is launched.

IIDA receives Contract Magazine's
30th Annual Interiors Award for their
office headquarters for achievement
in environmental/sustainable design.

2002

The G-20 summit meets in London,
involving state leaders rather than
the usual fi nance ministers. It focuses
on the ongoing global fi nancial crisis.

The Life Chair is designed to respond
to the human body with automatic
adjustments. 50% of the chair's
materials come from recycled content.

2003

Chair One is the world's fi rst die-cast
aluminum chair-shell. Four years in
the making, the chair features a basket
shaped form and currently resides
in the permanent collection at MoMA.
IIDA establishes the Sustainable Design
Education Fund, allowing LEED
accredited IIDA members to apply
for tuition reimbursement.
Skype introduces a beta version of
its software.

2004

Solid C2 is the fi rst item of furniture
to be 3D-printed in one piece. The chair
later joins the permanent collection
of the Cooper-Hewitt National
Design Museum.

The Ghost Chair is designed by Philippe
Starck. A spin on the tradition Louis XV
chair, it is made totally in acrylic.
The Cork Chair series showcases the
commitment to sustainable materials
in the industry. Designer Jasper
Morrison used cork after realizing
winegrowers were moving away from
the naturally sustainable material.
IIDA hosts the Decade of Design
Competition with Contract Magazine,
in celebration of the 10th anniversary
of the Association.
Mark Zuckerberg and his Harvard
roommates found a social networking
site called Facebook. In 2012, the site
reaches over a billion users.

2005

The Interior Design Profession's Body
of Knowledge is collaboratively funded
by IIDA, ASID (American Society of
Interior Designers), FIDER (Foundation
for Interior Design Education Research),
IDC (Interior Designers of Canada),
and NCIDQ (National Council for Interior
Design Qualification).

Adobe buys Macromedia, creator of
the Flash and Dreamweaver programs,
for $3.4 billion. The move consolidates
many creative software applications,
cementing Adobe's place as an industry
leader in creative design applications.

2006

The human genome project publishes
the last chromosome sequence,
and a new social networking site called
Twitter launches.

2007

The Clover Chair is a playful, organic
shape made of polyethylene, designed
to be both durable and comfortable.
It's marketed for both outdoor and
indoor use.
IIDA receives a Gold Medal for Excellence from the Association of Media
and Publishing for Perspective Magazine.

Apple releases the fi rst generation
iPhone.

2008

IIDA moves into new LEED Gold certified
headquarters at the Merchandise Mart,
becoming the fi rst Professional Design
Association to have a LEED certified space.
Lehman Brothers collapses.

2010

The Node Chair, a collaboration
between Steelcase and IDEO, is a learning environment response to innovation in workplace design. The seat's size
and range of motion allow students
to adapt posture quickly, and to
move freely between lecture seating
and group activities.

IIDA holds the fi rst Global Excellence
Awards.

2011

The SAYL Chair is inspired by the
principles of suspension bridges,
offering the fi rst frameless suspension
system. It is the lowest cost task chair
Herman Miller has produced and
becomes a model for affordability
in the strained economic climate.

The IIDA Middle East Chapter debuts,
and IIDA holds the fi rst Middle East
Office Awards. The fi rst Student Design
Charette, a live competition, is held
at NeoCon.

2012

The Clarity Chair results from
collaboration between Allsteel and
BMW Designworks. A rigorous design
process involving multi-city testing
and a large team of influencers produces
a fi nal design that is remarkably
lean, following a "design of reduction"
philosophy. The chair features
no manual adjustments, adjusting
by itself to the pressure, weight,
and angle of the user.

IIDA publishes its fi rst book, "What
Clients Want," in collaboration with 3M,
and also introduces a slew of new design
awards, reflecting the organization's
growing mission and global reach.
Awards include those for design in Latin
America and The Caribbean, Healthcare
Design, "Educator of the Year" and
"Member of the Year."
To celebrate Helsinki being appointed
the World Design Capital, designers at
Ore.e Ref. issue a challenge to designers
all over the world: Don't design a chair.
The lighthearted campaign highlights
underlying issues of sustainability and
design redundancy, and reflects the
changing economic and environmental
climates.
NASA's "Curiosity," a car-sized robotic
rover, successfully lands in the Gale
Crater on Mars, and begins transmitting
information back to scientists at the
Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

2013

The Gesture Chair is marketed as a chair
that addresses the unique postures
associated with modern electronic
devices. The chair features 360° arms
that allow users to reposition arm rests
to support nearly any position.
IIDA debuts the Milan chapter, holds
the Emerge Italy Product Design
Competition for designers 35 and under
and introduces the Student Sustainable
Design Competition.

2014

The Rival Chair offers a swivel function
to become a multifunctional task chair,
straddling the worlds of commercial
office and residential.
Researchers at MIT turn E coli into
futuristic "living" material that could
one day be used to make furniture.
Inspired by organic materials like bone,
the new material could result in devices
that have the properties of living things,
such as the ability to self-heal.
The fi rst global access livestream
of the IIDA Annual Meeting and Student
Bootcamp are offered, and IIDA receives
over 100,000 likes on Facebook.
IIDA celebrates its 20th Anniversary
and works with the City of Chicago
and Mayor Rahm Emanuel to name
Sunday June 8th, 2014, "Design Day."

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014

Contents
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - Cover1
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - Cover2
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 1
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 2
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - Contents
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 4
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 5
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 6
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 7
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 8
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IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 14
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 15
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 16
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 16A
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 16B
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 17
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 18
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 19
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 20
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 21
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IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - Cover3
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - Cover4
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