America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 18

O P E N I N G S A LV O

The Long March to Restore
the Second Amendment in New York
By Stephen P. Halbrook

"

I

grew up at a time when
people were not afraid
of people with firearms.
I used to travel on the
subway from Queens to Manhattan with a rifle. Could you imagine
doing that today in New York City? "
So recalled U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia about his days as
a schoolboy on a rifle team.
Scalia's experience reflected a
long tradition. For example, Gen.
George W. Wingate, president of the
N.Y. Public Schools Athletic League,
wrote an essay titled Why School
Boys Should Be Taught to Shoot?
(1907). President Teddy Roosevelt
wrote an afterword for it congratulating the New York pupil who was
Timothy " Big Tim " Daniel Sullivan (1862-1913) (right), a New York City
the best shot of the year.
politician, in 1911, pushed the Sullivan Act through the City's legislaThe National Rifle Association was
chartered in New York in 1871 by Gen. ture-an unconstitutional infringement on our rights.
Wingate and Col. William Church for
the purpose of promoting marksman- not be repealed, the NRA turned to
... but not pistols, " which " are habituship. The New York legislature accom- the courts.
ally carried by ... gangsters. "
In Moore v. Gallup, a veteran
modated the NRA by funding a range
Of course, if pistols were not
appealed the denial of a license
at Creedmoor, Long Island.
habitually carried by law-abiding
to carry a pistol for lack of " good
The right to bear arms was
citizens, it was because it was illecause. " The New York appeals court
respected in those days. The 1828
gal to do so.
affirmed the denial in 1943. An
N.Y. Civil Rights Law, which is still
A dissenting judge opined that
amicus brief was fi led by New York
on the books, states: " A well reguthe law violated the right to bear
attorney and former NRA president
lated militia being necessary to the
arms. Referring to the danger of an
Karl T. Frederick on behalf of the
security of a free state, the right of
enemy attack-German U-Boats
NRA, and another amicus brief was
the people to keep and bear arms
had sunk scores of ships off the
fi led for the Forbes Rifle & Pistol
cannot be infringed. " The state did
coast and landed saboteurs on
not forbid carrying unlicensed, con- Club (which still exists today).
Long Island-he said that " a man
The judge who denied the license
cealed pistols until 1881, while open
of the type of this petitioner who
said it would be a bad precedent " if all could shoot with accuracy, would
carry went unregulated.
citizens of good moral character were
The Sullivan Law of 1911 was the
be a more useful citizen than one
to be licensed to carry pistols " for tarfirst law in any state to require a
who, if attacked, could only throw a
get practice. The appeals court held
license just to keep a pistol in the
bootjack at his assailant. "
that the Second Amendment protects
home. Carrying was banned withWhile the NRA amicus brief in the
" weapons of warfare to be used by the
out a license-and commoners
above case could not be located, it
militia, " including " rifles and muskets
need not apply. When the law could
undoubtedly made arguments based

18

FEBRUARY 2021 I AMERICA'S 1 ST FREEDOM

Photo: Library of Congress



America's First Freedom - February 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of America's First Freedom - February 2021

Contents
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - CW1
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - CW2
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - Cover1
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - Cover2
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 1
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - Contents
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 3
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 4
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 5
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 6
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 7
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 8
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 9
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 10
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 11
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 12
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 13
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 14
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 15
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 16
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 17
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 18
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 19
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 20
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 21
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 22
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 23
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 24
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 25
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 26
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 27
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 28
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 29
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 30
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 31
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 32
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 33
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 34
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 35
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 36
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 37
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 38
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 39
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 40
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 41
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 42
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 43
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 44
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 45
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 46
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 47
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 48
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 49
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 50
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 51
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 52
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 53
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 54
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 55
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - 56
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - Cover3
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - Cover4
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - CW3
America's First Freedom - February 2021 - CW4
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