American Rifleman - November 2019 - 26

READERS WRITE

Dillon Remembering The Old Winchester .35s

PRECISION

XL750

The article by Managing Editor Kelly Young, "Straight To The Point:
Winchester's New Legend" (September 2019, p. 44) is superb, and, because
I am a fan of .35s, it has more than piqued my interest in the cartridge.
What I felt was missing, though, was reference to Winchester's earlier .35s, the
Winchester Models 1905 and 1907 in .35 and .351 Winchester Self-Loading,
respectively. While these rifles and cartridges were "adequate to a point" for their
time, they should be mentioned (historically) with regards to the 350 Legend.
The .35 was under-powered, very much like the .30 Carbine, thus the creation of
the .351 for better performance. And now we have an even better straight-walled
cartridge in the 350 Legend. My point being that this is not Winchester's first goround with the .35 caliber, but a much improved and definitely very interesting
cartridge for use in better platforms.
BOB BIDWELL, NEW YORK

Setting The 507th Straight

100
50

HISTORICAL

In Field Editor Bruce N. Canfield's article
"'Highly Praised': The U.S. Model 1919A4
"HIGHLY
Machine Gun" (September 2019, p. 56), the
PRAISED"
The U.S. Model 1919A4 Machine Gun
507th Parachute Infantry Regiment was identified as part of the 101st Airborne Division.
The 101st was an amazing unit, but the 507th
was part of the 82nd Airborne Division for
the Normandy invasion. It was later a part of
the 17th Airborne Division. The 507th took the place of the storied 504th PIR,
the "Devils in Baggy Pants," for Normandy. The 504th had been used in Italy for
the Anzio invasion, and by the time it reached England, there was not time to
rebuild it for the invasion, so the 507th substituted for it.
For some reason, many do not realize that the 82nd Airborne Division
was and is the most accomplished airborne unit in the U.S. Army. They think
only of the fabulous Screaming Eagles of the 101st, but the 82nd jumped into
Sicily, Salerno, landed at Anzio, and jumped into Normandy and Holland. The
101st only arrived in time for Normandy and Holland. Both fought hard in the
Ardennes and the remainder of the war, but the 101st always seems to be recognized and the 82nd overlooked. I am sensitive to this as my dad's first cousin
somehow managed to survive the entire deployment to the European Theater of
Operations with the 504th. He could have skipped Normandy, but volunteered
to jump with the pathfinders for the 507th as part of Chalk 13. Chalk 13 landed
in a company headquarters of the German 91st Air Landing Division, a unit
specially trained to defeat paratroopers. They suffered heavy casualties. I always
marvel that my cousin Lt. James Hamilton Goethe survived the war.
Please set the record straight about the 507th and the 82nd. They deserve
it. All American paratroopers are amazing; the 82nd was the first U.S. airborne
unit in combat, made the most jumps and accomplished amazing feats such as
the crossing of the Nijmegen River under fire in collapsible canvas boats. If you
have seen "A Bridge Too Far," you will have an inkling of how good they are.
THOMAS M. GOETHE, VIA EMAIL
Based on the M1917A1 water-cooled, belt-fed
machine gun, the lighter, air-cooled M1919A4
Browning was one of the standout arms used
by American troops during World War II.

BY BRUCE N. CANFIELD, Field Editor

The Browning .30-cal. M1919A4 light machine gun was used
to great effect in all theaters during World War II. A U.S. Army
soldier (above) crews an M1919A4 during operations
on Jan. 16, 1945, in northwest Europe.

56

YOUR OWN
AMMUNITION

FACTORY
dillonprecision.com
26

SEPTEMBER 2019

uring World War I, the water-cooled, belt-fed, tripodmounted heavy machine gun proved to be one of the
most ubiquitous and effective arms of the conflict.
Most of the belligerent nations adopted such guns, and they
were used with terrible effectiveness throughout the war.
While capable of impressive sustained firepower, all shared
the drawbacks of being cumbersome and heavy, which limited
their use primarily to fixed defensive positions.
The standard United States heavy machine gun at
the close of World War I was the .30-cal. Model of 1917,
invented by the legendary firearm designer John Moses
Browning. The Model 1917 performed as well as, or better
than, any of the other comparable machine guns of the
period; however, it also shared the same drawbacks. For
example, it weighed almost 100 lbs. with a tripod and filled
water jacket. As the war progressed, it soon became apparent that a Browning .30-cal. machine gun without the
barrel water jacket, water can and heavy tripod could prove
of value for use in aircraft and tanks, and also as a more
AMERICAN RIFLEMAN

U.S. Army Signal Corps photo

flexible offensive infantry arm. However, the war ended
before extensive development of an air-cooled variant of
the Browning machine gun could be accomplished.
In 1919, the "Model of 1919" air-cooled .30-cal.
Browning machine gun was adopted for use in tanks.
A great deal of developmental work continued between
1919 and the mid-1930s on air-cooled Browning machine
guns for use as infantry arms, including experimentation with various barrel lengths and different types of
tripods. Such modified guns were much lighter and more
portable than the M1917.
After evaluating all the various configurations, the
U.S. Army Ordnance Committee recommended on Sept. 5,
1935, that a version of the standard M1919 air-cooled tank
machine gun fitted with a 24" barrel with cooling slots,
designated as the "Browning Machine Gun, Caliber .30,
M1919A4," be adopted as the standard light machine gun.
A tripod that was lighter and more portable than the
M1917 tripod was also adopted as the "Tripod, M2." The
AMERICANRIFLEMAN.ORG

M1919A4 machine gun with M2 tripod weighed about
48 lbs. and fired at a cyclical rate of about 450 rounds
per minute. It could feed from a 250-round fabric belt or,
later, metallic links.
Prior to World War II, the M1919A4s were simply converted M1917A1s, having had the water jacket and related
parts removed and a new barrel fitted (the M1917A1 was a
slightly modified M1917). Once America entered the war,
contracts were given to the Saginaw Steering Gear Division
of General Motors and Buffalo Arms Co. for manufacture of
the M1919A4. In addition to the M1919A4 tripod-mounted
machine gun, a number of "M1919A5" machine guns were
made for use in tanks. These were essentially the same as
the M1919A4 but lacked a pistol grip, and the backplate
was modified for mounting in armored vehicles. A boltretraction slide was also added. Of course, the M1919A5
was not used with a tripod. The M1919A4 was designated
as a "flexible" machine gun, and the M1919A5 (along with
the aircraft machine guns) was designated as "fixed."
SEPTEMBER 2019

Both the author and the editors knew better, yet the oversight made it into print.
Next year, "American Rifleman Television" will air a series on the men and guns
of Operation Market Garden-including the men of both the 82nd and 101st
Airborne Divisions, as well as the British 1st Airborne.
-THE EDS.
"Readers Write" affords members an opportunity to comment on material published in
American Rifleman. Single-topic letters are preferred and may be edited for brevity. Send letters to:
Readers Write, NRA Publications, 11250 Waples Mill Road, Fairfax, VA 22030-9400 or email us at
publications@nrahq.org.

NOVEMBER 2019

AMERICAN RIFLEMAN

57


http://www.AMERICANRIFLEMAN.ORG http://www.dillonprecision.com

American Rifleman - November 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of American Rifleman - November 2019

Contents
American Rifleman - November 2019 - Cover1
American Rifleman - November 2019 - Cover2
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 1
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 2
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 3
American Rifleman - November 2019 - Contents
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 5
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 6
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 7
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 8
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 9
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 10
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 11
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 12
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 13
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 14
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 15
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 16
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 17
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 18
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 19
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 20
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 21
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 22
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 23
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 24
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 25
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 26
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 27
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 28
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 29
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 30
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 31
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 32
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 33
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 34
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 35
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 36
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 37
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 38
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 39
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 40
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 41
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 42
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 43
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 44
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 45
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 46
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 47
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 48
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 49
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 50
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 51
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 52
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 53
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 54
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 55
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 56
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 57
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 58
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 59
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 60
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 61
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 62
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 63
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 64
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 65
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 66
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 67
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 68
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 69
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 70
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 71
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 72
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 73
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 74
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 75
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 76
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 77
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 78
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 79
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 80
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 81
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 82
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 83
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 84
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 85
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 86
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 87
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 88
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 89
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 90
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 91
American Rifleman - November 2019 - 92
American Rifleman - November 2019 - Cover3
American Rifleman - November 2019 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_20210607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201608r
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201507
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201505
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201005_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_200912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_200911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_200910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_200909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_200908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_200907
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com