American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 64

U.S. MODEL 1855 PISTOL CARBINE

The .58-cal. M1855 Pistol Carbine's overall length with
its attachable shoulder stock was 28¼ " , and it weighed
5 lbs., 7 ozs. The pistol alone was 17¾ " -long and weighed
3 lbs., 13 ozs. The shoulder stock and the pistol's stock
were both oil-finished, black walnut. The lock was fitted
with a Maynard tape primer magazine holding 25 pellet
primers in its tape. The primer door was stamped with a
large spread eagle, and forward of the door is stamped
" U.S./SPRINGFIELD " on two lines. To the rear of the
C-shaped hammer was the date, either 1855 or 1856. The
bright 12 " barrel had an iron blade front sight and a twoleaf rear sight graduated to 400 yds. The nipple bolster was
equipped with a clean-out screw. The upper left flat was
stamped with the proofmarks " V/P " and an eagle head,
and the date was marked on the top barrel flat near the
breech. The barrel was held by a single flat brass band
with a sling swivel mounted on it. The barrel band was
retained by a conventional spring forward of it. The ramrod
swivel lug was brazed to the bottom of the barrel, while

Library of Congress

64

JUNE/JULY 2021

the button-head ramrod was held in place by a double-arm
swivel. A lanyard ring was mounted on the buttcap, while
the toe of the attachable stock was equipped with a sling
swivel. Batch numbers from 1 through 25 are found on the
backstrap of the pistol and the brass yoke of the shoulder
stock. The tang of the buttplate is stamped " U.S. "
Maynard's tape primer system was patented in
September 1845 by Dr. Edward Maynard, a Baltimore
dentist. Its purpose was to eliminate the need to manually
place a percussion cap on the nipple each time the pistol
was fired. A paper roll carrying the priming compound
was advanced over the nipple each time the hammer was
cocked; the system is similar to what is used by many toy
" cap " guns. However, the pistol could still be fired with
conventional percussion caps. The cartridge finally settled
on for the M1855 Pistol Carbine had a .577 " -diameter Miniéstyle elongated ball with a bullet weight of 450 grs., a blackpowder charge of 40 grs. and an overall length of 1.9 " .
Production on the M1855 began in the fall of 1855. By
the end of June 1856, Harpers Ferry Armory had fabricated three pistol carbines and Springfield Armory had
manufactured 1,003 pistol carbines. Between late 1855
and June 30, 1857, 4,019 M1855 Pistol Carbines were
manufactured at Springfield Armory, plus the three at
Harpers Ferry.

Pre-War Field Service

In 1855, Congress authorized the formation of the 1st
and 2nd U.S. Cavalry, and the two regiments were formed
at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., during the spring and summer
of 1855. In July, several officers from the two regiments
were appointed to a Cavalry Equipment Board convened
in Washington, D.C. The board's recommendations were
published in General Order Number 13 on Aug. 15, 1855,
which called for one squadron-two companies-of each
regiment to receive the M1855 Pistol Carbines. Since the
guns were not in production, the companies were issued
other arms. The first 1,000 pistol carbines were sent from
Springfield Armory to Maj. George Ramsey at St. Louis
Arsenal in June 1856. By the spring of 1857, one squadron
of the 1st Cavalry was issued M1855 pistol carbines. Second
Lieutenant Eli Long's Company " H, " 1st Cavalry, was issued
M1855 pistol carbines, Greene carbines, Colt and Adams
revolvers plus M1840 dragoon sabers. Captain Eugene Carr's
Company " I " was similarly armed. The balance of the regiment was issued musketoons and rifled carbines.
The 1st U.S. Cavalry, commanded by Col. Edward V.
Summers, left Fort Leavenworth to take to the field against
the Cheyenne in May 1857. The expedition's goal was to
punish the Cheyenne for their raids against emergent
wagon trains during which 12 individuals had been killed
and two kidnapped. Long and Eli companies were part
AMERICAN RIFLEMAN



American Rifleman - June/July 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of American Rifleman - June/July 2021

Contents
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - Cover1
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - Cover2
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 1
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - Contents
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 3
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 4
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 5
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 6
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 7
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 8
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 9
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 10
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 11
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 12
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 13
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 14
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 15
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 16
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 17
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 18
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 19
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 20
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 21
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 22
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 23
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 24
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 25
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 26
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 27
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 28
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 29
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 30
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 31
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 32
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 33
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 34
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 35
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 36
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 37
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 38
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 39
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 40
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 41
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 42
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 43
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 44
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 45
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 46
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 47
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 48
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 49
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 50
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 51
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 52
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 53
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 54
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 55
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 56
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 57
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 58
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 59
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 60
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 61
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 62
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 63
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 64
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 65
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 66
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 67
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 68
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 69
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 70
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 71
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 72
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 73
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 74
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 75
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 76
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 77
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 78
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 79
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 80
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 81
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 82
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 83
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 84
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 85
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 86
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 87
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 88
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 89
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 90
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 91
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 92
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - Cover3
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_20210607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201608r
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201507
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201505
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201005_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_201001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_200912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_200911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_200910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_200909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_200908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nra/ar_200907
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com