American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 65

All the .58-cal. U.S. Model 1855s, including the rifle-musket (above),
could hold 25 Maynard tape primers in their locks or be fired with standard percussion caps. A folding leaf rear sight on the pistol carbine was
graduated to an optimistic 400 yds. (above, r.). Beneath the barrel, a
button-head ramrod was retained by a double-arm swivel (r.).

of the expedition. On July 29, 1857, on the banks of the
Solomon River, the two sides came upon one another.
Being a mile apart, the sides charged each other. Colonel
Summers gave the command to " gallop march. " Then, to
the surprise of his men, the colonel commanded " sling
carbines, draw sabers, charge. " The saber charge caught the
Cheyenne by surprise, and they quickly retreated. During
the seven-mile fighting retreat, nine Cheyenne were killed
and an unknown number were wounded. The soldier casualties were two killed and nine wounded, and one of the
wounded was Lt. Jeb Stuart. The saber charge was the first
one made in the West. The following year, eight companies
were re-armed with Sharps carbines, and Long's and Carr's
companies were issued First Model Burnside carbines.
Several companies of the 1st Dragoons assigned to the
New Mexico Territory in 1857 were issued M1855 Pistol
Carbines. In May 1857, Capt. Richard Ewell's Company G,
1st Dragoons, received 45 of the guns. The afternoon of
June 27, Ewell's men were part of a force that attacked
the Coyotero Apache village on the Gila River. The attack
left 40 warriors killed and wounded, and 45 women and
children captured. The soldier casualties were two killed

and seven wounded. Four months later on Sept. 23, Ewell
reported that 18 of his 45 pistol carbines were unserviceable; eight stocks and 10 hammers were broken. " Without
the stock, they are an ordinary dragoon pistol. The
attachment is not firm and therefore the arm is unsteady. "
Captain Ewell concluded his report noting " so that in
arming 45 men for 4 [months], 18 are unserviceable. For
these reasons, I [think] that the weapon is not suitable for
dragoon use. " Captain Ewell exchanged his pistol carbines
in 1858 for the M1853 Sharps carbines. By this time most,
if not all, of the 1,538 M1855 Pistol Carbines issued to the
cavalry and dragoon regiments were then in storage.

Civil War Field Service

Due to insufficient quantities of carbines for cavalry use
in the early stages of the war, Army policy was to issue only
10 carbines per company. In early 1862, the 9th Illinois
Cavalry received Hall and M1855 Pistol Carbines, totalling
about 120 carbines, plus revolvers and sabers.
The summer of 1862 found the 9th Illinois
assigned to duty in Arkansas. One day while
in the process of obtaining corn for the Army

As one of only three handgun models made at Springfield Armory-the other
two being the U.S. Model 1817 flintlock and the M1911-and due to their
limited production numbers, the U.S. Model 1855 is popular with collectors. Be
cautious, however, as modern-made shoulder stocks have been observed.
AMERICANRIFLEMAN.ORG

JUNE/JULY 2021

65


http://www.AMERICANRIFLEMAN.ORG

American Rifleman - June/July 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of American Rifleman - June/July 2021

Contents
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - Cover1
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - Cover2
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 1
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - Contents
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 3
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 4
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 5
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 6
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 7
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 8
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 9
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 10
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 11
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 12
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 13
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 14
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 15
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 16
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 17
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 18
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 19
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 20
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 21
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 22
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 23
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 24
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 25
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 26
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 27
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 28
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 29
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 30
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 31
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 32
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 33
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 34
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 35
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 36
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 37
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 38
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 39
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 40
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 41
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 42
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 43
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 44
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 45
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 46
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 47
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 48
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 49
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 50
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 51
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 52
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 53
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 54
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 55
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 56
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 57
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 58
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 59
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 60
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 61
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 62
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 63
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 64
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 65
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 66
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 67
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 68
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 69
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 70
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 71
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American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 73
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American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 90
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 91
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - 92
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - Cover3
American Rifleman - June/July 2021 - Cover4
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