US Airways - October 2012 - (Page 11)

embark Did You Know? Why am I at thIs gate? ★ Plenty of us have had to jog (sometimes sprint) to catch a connecting flight, and it always seems that our incoming flight is parked as far as possible from our connecting flight’s gate. When determining gates (also called gate plotting), the airports and airlines do not conspire to make sure you get your daily exercise, but they do consider plenty of other factors. Hard requirements are the first factors when assigning gates. They are restrictions that cannot be violated, such as ensuring that there are enough gates for planes on the ground, including international gates that have special Customs and Border Protection clearance. Another hard requirement is the type of aircraft; some gates can only accommodate small aircraft while other gates are reserved for larger planes. Soft requirements are used to fine-tune gate plotting. They include factors such as separating flights to an assigned gate (preferably 25 minutes apart), balancing the number of flights per concourse, directing planes that are staying overnight to the gate they will depart from in the morning, and preventing conflict for gate access among incoming and departing flights. ? News, Notes, and Inflight Insights How is a plane’s interior cleaned? Every US Airways plane is cleaned overnight as well as between flights throughout the day. At US Airways’ hubs (Charlotte, Philadelphia, and Phoenix), planes typically have more time on the ground and get a bit more attention when time permits. A cleaning crew disinfects lavatories and galley counters and removes service items from the cabin and galley. The cleaning crew crosses all seat belts and, in first class, places folded blankets and pillows on the seats. All of these tasks take the team about 10 minutes. When they don’t have as much time, the cleaning crew always disinfects the galley and the lavatories and removes service items from the cabin — within just five minutes. What do the markings on runways mean? at the beginning of many runways you may see white arrows, which indicate a displaced threshold. this area can be used for taxiing and takeoff but not for landing because of factors such as obstacles before the runway, runway strength, and noise restrictions. the threshold marks the start of the landing portion of the runway and is indicated by a solid white bar and a group of white lines. above that is the runway name designated by a number between 1 and 36, which correlates to a compass heading (a runway numbered 9 points east 90°, runway 18 points south 180°, etc.). an “r,” “C,” or “l” may accompany the number at airports with parallel runways to indicate right, center, or left. the next set of white lines indicates the beginning of the touchdown zone, which is where the plane lands. aiming point markings, found 1,000 feet from the threshold, help pilots gauge the aircraft’s position. Fixed distance marks are placed every 500 feet within the touchdown zone. and, of course, the center line is a visual guide. illustrations by nigel holmes october 2012 11

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of US Airways - October 2012

US Airways - October 2012
Table of Contents
CEO Letter
From the Editor
Did You Know?
Making It Happen
Hot Spots: Amusement Parks
Wine & Dine: San Diego
Wine & Dine: Nashville
Adventure: Paragliding
Great Escapes: Ireland
Great Escapes: Bernardus Lodge & Winery
Gear Up: Tech for Eyes and Ears
The Color of Money: Rio de Janeiro
Pink & Proud: National Breast Cancer Awareness Month
Great Tastes: Molyvos and the Russian Tea Room
University Spotlight: Hollins University
Celebrate Winston-Salem, N.C.
Must Read: The Man Who Changed the Way We Eat
Readers Resource Index
Your US Airways Guide
Video Entertainment
Audio Entertainment
U.S. and Caribbean Service Map
International Service Map
Airport Terminal Maps
US Airways Fleet/Customs & Immigration
Passenger Info/Contact US Airways
US Airways MarketPlace®
Window or Aisle?

US Airways - October 2012