IEEE Electrification Magazine - March 2015 - 36

By Zhaohong Bie and Yanling Lin

URAL ELECTRIFICATION IS THE CORnerstone in poverty alleviation and is
widely recognized as the first step of
modernization. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) database,
over the last two decades, hundreds of millions of people
have attained modern energy access. However, in 2011,
there are still nearly 1.3 billion people, almost one-fifth of
the world's population, who have no access to electricity,
and more than 75% of them are living in developing Asia
and Sub-Saharan Africa.
According to the latest World Bank data, China has
the largest population in the world, 1.375 billion,
among which 635.688 million live in rural areas. The
vast geographical expanse and the large rural population make rural electrification in China both crucial
and difficult. In 1949, when the People's Republic of
China was founded, more than 90% of Chinese rural
households were estimated to not be connected to the
national grid. However, the continued efforts within
China have transformed the rural electrification into a
particularly successful story: over half a century later,
in 2013, the electrification rate in China reached 99.8%,
99.6% in rural areas, and 100% in urban areas, on the
same level with Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries (IEA). This

R

an Overview of
rural electrification
in china
History, technology, and emerging trends.
Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MELE.2014.2381606
Date of publication: 27 February 2015

36

I E E E E l e c t r i f i cati o n M agaz ine / March 2015

2325-5987/15©2015IEEE



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Electrification Magazine - March 2015

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IEEE Electrification Magazine - March 2015 - Cover4
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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_december2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_june2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_march2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_december2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_june2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_december2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2017
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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_december2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_march2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_march2015
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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_march2014
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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2014
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