IEEE Electrification Magazine - March 2015 - 40

Table S1. chinese rural electrification Policies and Initiatives. (Continued)
Year

Name

Focus

Target result and comment

1979-1989

National primary
rural electrification
program

SHP

This electrified the first 100 counties and then had a further
200- and 300-county phase. This program aimed to demonstrate the benefits of SHP in promoting rural economic
development and improving farmers' living standards.

1985

Rural electrification
program

SHP

A total of 318 counties have implemented rural electrification projects based on SHP. More than 97% of the rural
households are supplied with electricity, and a rural population of 93 million has bid farewell to the days without
electricity.

1994

Electricity for poverty
alleviation program

General

By 1996, a total of CNY2.1 billion was spent on increasing
electricity access. This was initiated jointly by the State Development Planning Commission, the State Economic and
Trade Commission, and the Ministry of Electricity Industry.

1998

Plan to renovate
rural grids

General

In 1998, the Chinese government invested CNY290
billion to renovate the rural grids within five years. In principle, the provincial electricity companies acted as project
owners during grid renovation and took on the responsibility of unified planning, construction, management, and
operation. After renovation, the overall wire losses of high
voltage grids were lowered from 12% to less than 10%
and wire losses of rural low voltage grids from 20% to
less than 12%.

1999-2002
Brightness
Program and
following initiatives

Brightness program

PV

This was to bring electricity from a single PV home
system and PV/battery system to supply 50,000 people
in Inner Mongolia, Tibet, and Gansu. This was the first
such initiative by the Chinese government to use off-grid
renewable energy other than small hydro plants to electrify remote areas.

2002-2005 Township Electrification
Program

SHP, PV, and
hybrid system

This program electrified over 1,000 townships, almost
1 million people in fewer than 20 months in western China
(Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Hunan, Yunnan, and Tibet). This is one of the largest
renewable energy-based rural electrification programs.

2005-2010
Village Electrification Program

SHP, PV, and
hybrid system

This was to bring electricity to around 20,000 villages offgrid regions in western China. This was a most challenging
phase, requiring international, national, and local agencies
to work together.

Substitution of
biofuels with SHP
program

SHP

2002: general schedule for 2002-2020: This substitution
program is to be implemented in 25 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) containing 886 counties,
28.30 million farmer households, and 104 million people.
Approximately 24.04 GW of the SHP capacity will be constructed, and 2006-2008 total of CNY1.03 billion will be
invested in three years. This phase contains 81 projects
and will cover 21 provinces, reaching 169,000 households,
636,000 people, targeting reforestation, forest preservation, and erosion issues, and adding 150-MW SHP installed capacity 2009-2015, a total of CNY14.1 billion will
be invested. This phase contains 1,022 projects and will
cover 24 provinces, reaching 1.71 million households and
6.78 million people, adding 1.7 GW SHP installed capacity.

2001-now

adjacent large grids are called interconnected counties,
which serve 1,004 counties (42%); the other 800 DPCs generate at least 70% of their energy using SHP units and small

40

I E E E E l e c t r i f i c ati o n M agaz ine / March 2015

thermal, wind, solar power, or hybrid systems incorporating
multiple technologies. They are called self-generation counties and serve 652 counties (27%) (Figure 2).



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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2020
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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2019
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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2018
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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2017
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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2014
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