IEEE Electrification Magazine - March 2015 - 49

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microgrids have also received increased attention in recent
years, primarily due to support provided by the U.S. Department of Defense. Military microgrids consist of self-sustaining small power grids, which are required to address the mission-critical energy needs of military bases.
More recently, community microgrids have emerged as
an alternative to address the rising societal demands for
electric infrastructures that are able to provide premium
reliability and power quality levels while being economical
and environmentally friendly. Community microgrids aim
primarily at supplying electricity to a group of consumers
in a neighborhood or several connected neighborhoods in
close proximity (Figure 1). Despite extensive studies on

microgrids, very little literature is dedicated to community
microgrids. This article discusses community microgrids
and elaborates on the different components and anticipated outcomes of these viable deployments.

Why community Microgrids?
Community microgrids are emerging as a potential solution to
address the following trends: 1) residential consumers, who use
more than one third of the electric energy produced in the United States, are demanding higher levels of reliability and power
quality, 2) the utility grids are experiencing an unprecedented
proliferation of intermittent renewable DG, which is motivated
by the availability of attractive incentives and regulations
IEEE Electrific ation Magazine / Ma rch 2 0 1 5

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Electrification Magazine - March 2015

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