IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 52

52

EastCentral
SouthSoutheast

NorthNortheast

WestCentral
SouthSouthwest

NorthNorthwest

framework, dividing a bulk power
grid among nine participants. the
Northwest
North
Northeast
region of modeling responsibility
assigned to each participant is called
a "frame," and the framework is
West-Northwest
North-Central
East-Northeast
completed by 12 "boundary" parts,
one for each place where two participants have ties, and so must
agree about how their adjacent
West
Central
East
models fit together.
both frames and boundaries
in
a
framework define roles that
West-Southwest
South-Central
East-Southeast
are filled by eQ model parts.
consider for a moment what is
required for North and central to
Southwest
South
Southeast
marry their models properly. For
each tie, they have to sit down and
agree about some minimal comfigure 1. An interconnection model partitioned among nine participants.
mon bit of modeling that neither
party
will
change
without
consulting the other. in fact, what
in this vision, the two most recognizable characteristics
of a building block model part are its type (which defines the this does is to create three sets of data: the set that North can
kind of information it contains) and its source (which defines change by itself, the set that central can change by itself,
the portion of the grid that it represents). the grand idea is and the set that can only change by North and central acting
that model parts may be assembled in different ways to cre- together. in the ciM, each of these three sets is captured by
an eQ model part. roughly, it goes like this:
ate all the necessary analytical models.
✔ North and central together define North-central, an
eQ boundary model part containing the objects that
Creating a Framework of Model Parts
make up their agreement on mutual modeling.
the ciM encourages (but as per requirement eight does not
require) entities participating in a grid to get together and
✔ North and central then separately define model parts
formally define their areas of modeling responsibility so that
that fit into the North and central frames respectively,
each datum has a single source and each set of data from a
each of which may be individually validated as adhering
given source fits together with each other set. this is called
to the agreement simply by verifying that their dangling
a "model framework."
references all properly terminate in the North-central
the primary agreement on a framework is made at the level of
boundary model part.
type "eQ" (i.e., equipment) model parts, which defines what grid
in this scheme, the fact that validation only requires testing
equipment is represented in a model. Figure 1 shows a very basic against the immediate boundary model parts for the frame is
very important because it means
that a set of consistent model parts
can be established without ever
assembling the whole framework in
one place.
ciM exchanges do not require
that this sort of partitioning occur
in any particular way. the longrange expectation is that partitioning will ultimately take place in
layers, as illustrated in Figure 2,
in which the model parts of the top
blue layer are composed of a purple layer framework and the model
parts of the purple layer are composed of a further red layer framework, and so on. in most cases,
given the nature of electric grids,
the top layers will tend to be the
figure 2. The layered partitioning of a model framework.
ieee power & energy magazine

january/february 2016



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 105
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 106
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 107
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 108
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 109
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 110
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 111
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 112
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 113
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 114
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 115
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 116
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 117
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 118
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 119
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 120
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 121
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 122
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 123
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 124
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 125
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 126
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 127
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - 128
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2016 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070817
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050617
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030417
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070816
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050616
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030416
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070815
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050615
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030415
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111214
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070814
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050614
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030414
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010214
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com