IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2020 - 71

systems, and DER management systems to 1) provide dis-
tribution system condition monitoring during normal and
abnormal conditions, 2) help obtain statuses of available
grid resources, and 3) help estimate the load demand and its
priorities. Figure 5 shows a schematic for the interaction and
communication among distribution system operational sub-
systems for the model-based DSR application using PNNL's
GridAPPS-D platform. The existing systems, includ-
ing DMSs and OMSs, are leveraged to obtain the outaged

network topology, available backup feeders, and available
switches, including their statuses. AMI ping has emerged as
a viable means for probing the distribution system to reliably
obtain outage information. A similar approach can be used
to obtain the availability of microgrids and DERs for resil-
ient restoration and intentional island formation. To execute
the optimal restoration decisions, the ADMS is leveraged to
dispatch commands for operating respective remote-control
switches and controllable load switches.

D

D

D

S

Isolate
Fault

Repair Crew

D

Substation

S

Substation

D

D
Repair

Dispatch

D

D
D

DER

Out-of-Service Area

Fault

DER Island

Tie Switch

Sectionalizing
Switch (Closed)

Sectionalizing
Switch (Open)

Microgrid
Communication

figure 4. A power DSR using backup feeders and available DERs. The out-of-service area is restored using a suitable
switching scheme after the fault has been isolated.

SCADA /DMS
Measurements

AMI Data
Smart Meter Data

DERMS/MEMS
Data

GOSS/FNCS Message Bus

Distribution
System Simulator
(DSS)
Visualization
Line Switch Status
Load Switch Status
DER Control Switch

OMS Data

Fault Location
DERs Parameter

DSR With DERs

Switch Status
Load Parameters

figure 5. The workflow for proposed application and its integration to the GridAPPS-D platform. GOSS/FNCS is the
PNNL's platform for data exchange among subsystems. MEMS: microgrid energy management system; GOSS: GridOPTICS
Software System; FNCS: framework for network cosimulation.
january/february 2020

ieee power & energy magazine

71



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2020 - Contents
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - January/February 2020 - Cover3
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