IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 43

With its REV program, New York State regulators and experts
from across the country have been developing an innovative
approach to providing electricity.
turn, may require upgraded transmission lines and perhaps
new sources of generation. Serving electricity customers in
one of the largest cities in the world is always expensive,
and finding the necessary space to accommodate new electrical equipment is time-consuming and challenging for
engineers and designers.

EDP: A Bottom-Up Approach
for New Loads
Most large electric utilities have EDP departments. EDP
engineers have many responsibilities that include tracking load growth and reliability metrics; particularly critical
are their annual load forecast and budget plan. New load
growth and weather phenomena often have a significant
impact on a load forecast, and EDP engineers must forecast
their system electricity needs based on those factors. Air-conditioning loads generally drive Con Edison's network peaks,
and the annual forecasts are created and revised after the summer season concludes. The forecasts utilize load-growth data
and track locations of anticipated new loads to help ensure
that sufficient power is available during the peak times and
throughout the year. Utilities, as well as generation and transmission operators, track similar load data on the transmission
and bulk-power systems to ensure that each entity is prepared
for peak power needs.
The EDP forecast data are generally shared with the
system planning departments (those that monitor the transmission and substations) so they can track the larger system peak metrics and plan for transmission and substation
expansions needed to serve the many distribution circuits.
System planning departments commonly require several
years of forecast data to design, obtain any required permits, and build new or expand existing transmission lines;
for utilities that rely on independent system operators or
transmission owners, the delay may be even longer.
It often takes years to gain approval from state and local
government regulatory agencies and environmental groups
to build new transmission lines and substations, and transmission utilities often incur very high costs for the development
of any new or existing transmission corridors. Overhead transmission design and construction costs are often several thousand dollars per foot; underground lines, such as those required
for the BQDM area, are typically in the range of ten times the
cost per length of overhead-built lines. Areas like Brooklyn
and Queens have a vast array of existing underground facilities
and systems that further complicate the installation of transmission lines and substations. The impact on the public and
march/april 2017

traffic patterns in a dense city can also be very high and attempts to mitigate these impacts add to cost and project length.
Because the vast majority of new electricity load originates on the distribution side of the utility system, EDP engineers capture nearly all the new loads that must be served
using the electric distribution system forecast. Until recently,
there were limited options to meet this demand growth other
than upgrading existing electrical systems or installing new
lines. However, incorporating "customer-side-of the-meter"
equipment and incenting time of use behavior, rather than
making an expensive network expansion, could offer an
innovative approach to deferring system upgrades.

Overview of New York's REV and
How It May Change EDP Going Forward
AS part of REV, New York State regulators and a host
of experts and stakeholders from across the country have
collaborated to help develop the goals and processes to
animate the marketplace, satisfy customer needs. and
meet New York State's ambitious environmental goals.
The REV focuses on integrating renewable energy systems, energy efficiency, DR, and other recent innovations
into the planning and operation of the electricity delivery
system. New York utilities will develop and operate the
distributed system platform (DSP) to facilitate this vision;
eventually, the DSP is expected to evolve into a distribution system operator (DSO). The REV envisions a DSP/
DSO with goal-oriented earnings adjustment mechanisms
that make the grid more greener and more efficient. REV
envisions a future where energy is transacted between a consumer and a prosumer (a prosumer is a customer who produces energy in addition to consuming energy).
REV will be the backdrop for Con Edison utility engineers,
along with the marketing team, to seek methods for offsetting
the growing electricity demand in Brooklyn and Queens. The
DSP and the concept of utilizing both customer-side and utility-side solutions will provide an improved portfolio approach
that can enable utility planners to address system expansion
needs. This approach provides customers with additional
choices and ensures that the utility provides increasingly sustainable, reliable, and cost-effective energy to its customers.
New Yorkers are also keen on energy solutions that will
bolster reliability, especially systems such as battery systems,
fuel cells, and similar devices capable of stand-alone operation during events that may cause long-term outages. (Consider Hurricane Sandy in 2012, when some customers were
left without power for days and, in the areas most affected
ieee power & energy magazine

43



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2017 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070817
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050617
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030417
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070816
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050616
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030416
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070815
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050615
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030415
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111214
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070814
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050614
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030414
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010214
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com