IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 29

state-of-the-art analytics engines. In the center, analysts
and engineers look at the near-real-time performance of the
various monitored pieces of equipment and compare it to
their predicted performance, spotting potential issues often
well before conventional scheduled preventive maintenance would detect them. The data shows up on an impressive 81-ft-long LED display screen, enabling iSOC staff to
visualize various data from different sources concurrently
and more effectively analyze and extract information from
such data.

iSOC
The iSOC, located at NYPA's offices in White Plains, New
York, is a cutting-edge comprehensive central monitoring
center, as shown in Figure 5. The center, which opened in
December 2017, uses predictive analytics software to forecast and prevent equipment failures and significant outages
at power plants, substations, and transmission lines, providing the technological ability to predict and remedy with a
higher level of efficiency. This enables effective scheduling
of repairs, lowers maintenance expenses, and reduces operating risks, thus helping the utility to keep costs down, translating to savings for its customers.
One of the fundamental goals of the asset management
initiative is to harness improved decision-making capabilities
by aggregating various sensory data streams to monitor, diagnose, and inform asset repair or replace decisions. Achieving
this goal and realizing the associated benefits are reliant upon
a robust integrated data analytics platform and decision support tools. Creating a strong data foundation that allows for
data analysis, visualization, association, and sharing across
the organization requires a combination of data cleanup
efforts and the deployment of modern analytical and visualization tools. The iSOC provides enterprise-wide technology
and service management capabilities across the company's
operational groups and plays a critical role in identifying,
managing, coordinating security incidents and events on common devices, infrastructure, networks, and applications where
one or more operational groups have an interest.
A key feature of the iSOC, compared to more traditional
utility monitoring and diagnostic centers, is its additional
multifunctional, multidiscipline capabilities, which include
the monitoring and management of communication networks
and IT infrastructure as well as physical and cybersecurity.
Such functionality variety is crucial for supporting the center's role as an integrated operations center. These diverse
capabilities and functionalities hosted within the iSOC make
it the central nervous system of the smart grid, constantly
monitoring sensors, devices, and communication paths to
alert and suggest corrective actions to an operator when
faults or other problems occur. This increased awareness
helps to streamline operational performance, reduce annual
and unexpected operating costs, increase general asset performance and reliability across the fleet, and mitigate the
impact of catastrophic events. This kind of cost reduction/
march/april 2020	

figure 5. The iSOC at NYPA's offices in White Plains, New
York. (Source: NYPA; used with permission.)

avoidance and performance improvement is a fundamental
driver of the benefits NYPA intends to achieve through its
broader strategic plan.
A combination of predictive analytics tools using physics-based and machine-learning algorithms enables iSOC
analysts and engineers to notice trends in how a piece of
equipment is operating. The desired outcome of processed
data aims to reveal valuable insights into any incipient problems and gauge the life expectancy of equipment based on
historical and current operating patterns, which might differ
from manufacturer specifications.
Predictive analytics also offers an opportunity for more
sophisticated outage scheduling processes. For instance, if
the data indicate normal performance, the manufacturer's
calendar-based replacement or maintenance schedule could
be reduced. Conversely, if the data indicate an issue with the
health of an asset, then maintenance should occur before the
next scheduled service. In extreme circumstances, the equipment can be shut down immediately to avoid a catastrophic
failure that could result in loss of service for longer periods.
The iSOC may initially receive hundreds of advisories
per day on potential service issues. With the trending data,
analysts and engineers can determine what caused an alarm,
what it means, and how it should be addressed. Most alarms
may be inconsequential, but two or three instances may be
focused on for further detailed examination. This supervised
learning and tuning process would gradually reduce the
number of false positive alarms as more data are collected
over time.

Advanced Grid Innovation
Lab for Energy
In pursuit of its digitization goals and to support the R&D
effort required to face the challenges of digitization, NYPA
has launched the Advanced Grid Innovation Lab for energy
(AGILe). Established in 2017 as a collaborative i-nitiative
led by NYPA and supported by additional stakeholders,
AGILe is a power systems laboratory that includes simulation and testing facilities. The lab provides electric utilities,
governments, universities, high-tech businesses, and others
ieee power & energy magazine 	

29



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070817
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050617
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030417
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070816
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050616
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030416
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070815
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050615
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030415
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111214
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070814
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050614
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030414
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010214
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com