IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - 73

Integration with a system operation platform involves
the modeling of the ESS using the resource
modeling tool used by the utility.
replicated for actual implementation. However, the knowledge gained on use-case specifics and relative economic
benefits could provide useful information for binding multiple services together.
The value-driven control of an ESS essentially refers to
operating the ESS under one or more bundled use cases with
a view toward enhancing economic benefits. Therefore, a
control strategy supporting a value-driven control approach
of an ESS will need to perform two basic functions: 1)

Use Cases
Volt-Var/CVR (VVO/CVR)
Nonspinning Reserve (NSR)
Spinning Reserve (SPR)
Primary Frequency Response (PFR)

coordinate the ESS operation among multiple use cases and
2) charge/discharge the ESS in a manner that satisfies the
requirements of each use case such that operational constraints are not violated. Although it would be ideal to use a
controller that could perform the real-time co-optimization
of multiple use cases, it is not always practical for utilities to
implement such an option due to reasons, e.g., the desire for
a simple and robust approach or a lack of adequate information to perform real-time optimization. Therefore, a set of

US$7,000,000
VVO/CVR,
US$6,000,000 SPR, and NSR
US$5,000,000
US$4,000,000

PFR

US$3,000,000

Regulation Down (RDN)

US$2,000,000

Regulation Up (RUP)

US$1,000,000

RDN
RUP
DR
ARB

Demand Response (DR)
Arbitrage (ARB)

US$0

Charging Cost

US$(1,000,000)

Economic
Evaluation Output

Battery Storage
Evaluation Tool

Economic Benefit and Rank

Use-Case Specifics

Use-Case Priority

ESS Parameters

Optimum Dispatch Profile

Financial Information

SoC Variations
Use-Case Transition Conditions

figure 4. The economic evaluation process of SSPC ESSs. CVR: conservation voltage reduction.
march/april 2020	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

73



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - March/April 2020 - Contents
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