IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 29

generation have hinged on economic growth and the
associated load growth that follows. today, the impact of
policy and regulations for environmental sustainability
and energy security are also drivers for growth. historically low natural gas prices and the potential retirement
of significant coal-fired generation suggest there could be
a resurgence of development in new gas-fired generation
over the coming decades.

Wind and Solar Generation
the united states has installed more than 50 GW of wind
power, with the vast majority in under a decade. this growth,
enabled by cost reductions, improvements in availability and
reliability, and strong policy support, continues in the near
term. years in which the coveted wind energy production tax
credit was available saw rapid growth in wind power, while
years in which the tax credit did not exist saw a significant

Studies Commissioned by Utilities, Commissions, ISOs...
* Examine Feasibility of 250+ GW of New Renewables
* Consider Operability, Costs, Emissions, Transmission
Universal Need for Fleet Flexibility, New Operating Strategies and Markets, Transmission Reinforcement,
Grid Friendly Renewables
Gradients Indicate Systems Subject to Individual Studies and also Included in Larger Regional Studies
2004 New York
3-GW Wind
10% Peak Load
4% Energy

2005 Ontario
15-GW Wind
50% Peak Load
30% Energy

2009 Western
United States
72-GW Wind
15-GW Solar
50% Peak Load
27% Energy

2010 New England
12-GW Wind
39% Peak Load
24% Energy

PJM Study
(Under Way)

Pan-Canadian
(Under Way)

96-GW Wind
22-GW Solar
30% Energy

2006 California
13-GW Wind
3-GW Solar
26% Peak Load
15% Energy
2010 Oahu,
Molokai, Lanai
500-MW Wind
100-MW Solar
55% Peak Load
25% Energy

2007 Texas
15-GW Wind
25% Peak Load
17%Energy

2008 Maui
70-MW Wind
39% Peak Load
25% Energy

2012 Nova Scotia
Power
900-MW Wind
25% Energy

~72-GW Wind
30% Energy

figure 2. Recent GE wind and solar integration studies.
may/june 2014

ieee power & energy magazine

29



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014

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