IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 36

seamlessly in a sustainable manner during contingency periods and judiciously utilize available resources on a selective
manner to ensure continued operation of the critical loads.
microgrids are particularly applicable when a facility
or condensed load area has relatively secure intrafacility
interconnections (e.g., underground distribution) but is
supplied by relatively vulnerable connections to the grid.
in the more general situation of entirely overhead supply
and local distribution lines, the distribution secondaries
and laterals tend to be more vulnerable to storm damage
than the trunk feeders and subtransmission lines. With the
likely unavailability of local interconnections following a
storm or disaster, the microgrid model is less applicable in
this more general situation.
microgrids are just one potential approach to improving resiliency. a comprehensive strategy considers all the
measures available, including intelligent approaches such
as automated distribution reconfiguration, as well as lowertechnology approaches such as moving distribution underground and increasing tree trimming.
moving forward, a necessary step is the development of
national and regional policies that place value on a resilient
energy supply. these policies should focus on the definition
and achievement of desired outcomes, such as the preservation of power supply to critical loads. Policies should be
technology neutral, allowing existing and new strategies,
including microgrids, to meet their objectives. in any event,
all future systems designed for resiliency may have to be
custom designed and implemented on a case-by-case basis
to be suitable for their intended settings (e.g., urban, suburban, and rural) and appropriate for a different mix of government, civic, and business entities within each setting. the
grid of the future will employ a spectrum of existing and
new technologies to ensure grid resiliency during and following disasters.

Conclusions
new technologies, changing market conditions, more frequent extreme weather events, and new regulations and policies all shape the future of the grid. this is true for both the
emerging and developed economies of the world. the many
moving parts of policy, regulations, and market conditions
and the cost and performance of new and existing technology makes it difficult to place bets as a product vendor, utility planner, or investor. While many factors will shape the
future of the grid and many others can alter its course, the
ten trends described in this article are some of the key drivers that will shape the grid over the next decade.

For Further Reading
B. Daryanian, h. elahi, e. Larose, and r. Walling, "trends
for the grid of the future," in Proc. 2012 CIGRE U.S.

36

ieee power & energy magazine

National Committee, Grid of the Future Symposium, Kansas city, mo.
national renewable energy Laboratory. (2010). Western
wind and solar integration study. [online]. available: http://
www.nrel.gov/wind/systemsintegration/wwsis.html
independent system operators of new england (isone). new england wind integration study. [online]. available:
http://www.iso-ne.com/committees/comm_wkgrps/
prtcpnts_comm/pac/reports/2010/newis_report.pdf
Proposed Decision of commissioner Peterman. (2010,
Dec. 16). Decision adopting energy storage procurement
framework and design program. [online]. available: http://
docs.cpuc.ca.gov/searchres.aspx?docformat=aLL&Doc
iD=76387883
G. hunt, "metlakatla battery energy storage system: 12
yrs. of success," GNB Industrial Power, exide technologies,
presented at 2009 storage Week, san Diego, ca.
D. manz, n. miller, and G. hinkle, "integrating electric vehicles into the power system," in Proc. 2011 CIGRE
Symp., Bologna, italy.
Ferc. (2010, June 17). national action plan on demand
response. [online]. available: https://www.ferc.gov/legal/
staff-reports/06-17-10-demand-response.pdf
the Brattle Group. (2010, aug. 12). Demand response &
energy efficiency: the long view. [online]. available: http://
www.brattle.com/system/publications/pdfs/000/004/516/
original/Demand_response_and_energy_efficiency_-_
the_Long_view_Faruqui_aug_12_2010.pdf?1378772111

Acknowledgments
Parts of this article are updated from earlier versions that
have been published by B. Daryanian, h. elahi, e. Larose,
r. Walling, "trends for the Grid of the Future," ciGre u.s.
national committee, 2012 Grid of the Future symposium,
Kansas city, missouri, usa. section 4 contains material
presented at the 2011 ciGre symposium by D. manz, n.
miller, and G. hinkle, "integrating electric vehicles into the
Power system."

Biographies
Devon Manz is with Ge energy consulting, schenectady,
new york.
Reigh Walling is with Walling energy systems consulting.
Nick Miller is with Ge energy consulting, schenectady,
new york.
Beth LaRose is with Ge energy consulting, schenectady, new york.
Rob D'Aquila is with Ge energy consulting, schenectady, new york.
Bahman Daryanian is with Ge energy consulting,
schenectady, new york.
p&e

may/june 2014


http://http:// http://www.nrel.gov/wind/systemsintegration/wwsis.html http://www.iso-ne.com/committees/comm_wkgrps/ http://http:// http://docs.cpuc.ca.gov/searchres.aspx?docformat=aLL&Doc https://www.ferc.gov/legal/ http://http:// http://www.brattle.com/system/publications/pdfs/000/004/516/

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 105
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 106
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 107
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 108
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 109
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 110
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 111
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 112
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 113
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 114
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 115
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 116
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 117
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 118
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 119
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 120
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 121
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 122
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 123
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 124
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 125
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 126
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 127
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 128
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/powerelectronics_september2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070821
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050621
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030421
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010221
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070817
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050617
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030417
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070816
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050616
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030416
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070815
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050615
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030415
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111214
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070814
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050614
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030414
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010214
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com